Journal of Indian Ocean Studies-A UGC-CARE Listed Journal

Published in Association with Society of Indian Ocean Studies (SIOS)

Current Volume: 32 (2024 )

ISSN: 0972-3080

Periodicity: Tri-annual

Month(s) of Publication: April, August & December

Subject: Political Science & International Affairs

DOI: 10.32381/JIOS

Online Access is free for Life Member


The Journal of Indian Ocean Studies is a publication of the Society for Indian Ocean Studies (SIOS). Having completed twenty-eight years of publication, the Journal, published three times a year-in January, May and September, aims at bringing out articles contributed by defence experts, diplomats, eminent scholars and renowned thinkers on the various aspects of the Indian Ocean and the littoral regions of South and Southeast Asia, Africa, the Gulf and Australia.

The Editorial Advisory Board Comprising Strategists and former practitioners of foreign affairs and defence as well as distinguished scholars on economy, history, etc. of the region provide regular guidance and advice. The journal has a vast readership among the Parliamentarians, think-tanks, maritime establishments, universities and institutions of excellence in  various fields as also individual scholars.



Editor -in -chief
Ambassador Sudhir T. Devare (Retd.)

Amb. (Retd.) Sudhir T. Devare is a retired career diplomat former Indian diplomat who served in various diplomatic capacities from 1964 to 2001.
He had been Indian Ambassador to Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, Myanmar and Indonesia before retiring as Secretary in-charge of India’s economic relations. He was a member of the National Security Advisory Board, Visiting Professor at the Centre of East Asian Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Vice-Chairman of the Research and Information System (RIS) of Developing Countries, Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. Currently, he is the Ram Sathe Chair Professor, at the Symbiosis School of International Studies, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune.

He is on the Advisory Board of the India International Centre, New Delhi and a Member of the Eminent Persons' and Experts' Group of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) besides being the Chairman of the Society for Indian Ocean Studies and Editor-in-chief of its flagship publication.

Managing Editor
Ambassador (Retd.) J. K. Tripathi

Amb. (Retd.) J. K. Tripathi is a retired career diplomat with his career spanning for thirty three years.
Having served in Indian missions in Zambia, the Maldives, Hungary, Sweden, Venezuela and Oman, he rendered his services as the Consul general of India in Sao Paulo, Brazil before retiring as the Ambassador of India to Zimbabwe. Currently he is the Managing Editor of the Journal of Indian Ocean Studies.

Editorial Advisory Board
Admiral Arun Prakash

Chief of Naval Staff (Retd.)

Amb. Sheelkant Sharma

Former Secretary General,


Lt. Gen. Shamsher Singh Mehta


Pune International Centre

Amb. Biren Nanda

Former Ambassador to

Indonesia and Australia

Prof. P. V. Rao

National Professor, ICSSR

Visiting Professor, NALSAR

Vice Admiral (Retd.) Anup Singh

Director Strategic Studies, SIOS

Prof. Swaran Singh

Professor of Diplomacy, JNU


Association of Asian Scholars

Commodore (Retd.) C. Uday Bhaskar


Society for Policy Studies,

Former D. G., IDSA

Prof. Vinayshil Gautam

Vice Chairman,

Foundation of Organisational

Research and Education (FORE)

Dr. Krishnendra Meena

Associate Professor at Centre for International Politics
Organization and Disarmament, School of International Studies,
awaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
He specializes on the topics of Geopolitics, Indian Ocean, Borders and BRICS. He joined SIOS as Secretary General in December 2020.

Volume 32 Issue 1 , (Jan- to Apr-2024)


By 1: Sudhir T. Devare

Page No : i-v

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Houthi Attacks on Red Sea Shipping: Implications for Regional Security

By 1: Talmiz Ahmad

Page No : 1-15

The Red Sea littoral, which has been experiencing competitions involving regional and extra-regional powers for at least two decades, has recently witnessed a heightened threat to the fragile regional security scenario in the shape of sustained attacks on Red Sea shipping by the Houthi militants in Yemen. In solidarity with the Palestinian fighters in Gaza, from October last year the Houthi have been targeting ships traversing the Red Sea, while insisting on an immediate cessation of hostilities in the Gaza conflict and increased humanitarian assistance to the beleaguered Palestinians in the enclave. These attacks have disrupted global shipping as several international companies have announced diversions of their vessels to the Cape of Good Hope route, even as increased war insurance premiums have made the Red Sea more uneconomical. The US and its allies have been responding to the Houthi attacks by intercepting the drones and missiles and hitting Houthi military facilities in Yemen itself, but this has not so far reduced the frequency of the Houthi attacks. The attacks have affirmed the premier place of the Houthis in the Iran-led “axis of resistance” that is now the principal regional coalition ranged against the US and Israel. The Houthi attacks are expected to have serious implications for regional security. The Houthis will now make every effort to bring all of Yemen under their control, thus threatening the geopolitical interests of both Saudi Arabia and the UAE. More seriously, the US may be expected to increase its military presence in the Red Sea region, justifying this as safeguarding Israel’s security and restricting Chinese and Russian influence in the region.

Author : Talmiz Ahmad is the former ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Oman and the UAE. At present, he holds the Ram Sathe Chair for International Studies, Symbiosis International University, Pune. His most recent book, West Asia at War: Repression, Resistance and Great Power Games, was published by HarperCollins in April 2022.


Price: 101

Houthi Attacks and The Growing Instability in the Red Sea

By 1: D.P. Srivastava

Page No : 17-26

Houthi attacks in the Red Sea have affected shipping traffic passing through a major artery of international trade. Houthis have linked their actions to the situation in Gaza. China is the biggest beneficiary of the maritime trade flowing through the Suez Canal but remains a fence-sitter rather than a net security provider. The Chinese presence is growing elsewhere also in the Indian Ocean zone.

Author : Amb. D.P. Srivastava is a Former Ambassador of India to Iran. He had negotiated MOU for Indian participation in Chabahar Port.


Price: 101

Gaza to Iran: Can Frustrated Netanyahu’s Overdrive to Expand War in the Middle East be Controlled?

By 1: S. B. Asthana

Page No : 27-38

Author : Major General (Dr.) S. B. Asthana, Globally acknowledged Strategic and Security Analyst and Ph.D. from JNU, Maj. General S. B. Asthana (Retd.), SM, VSM has authored over 450 publications. As a veteran of Indian army, he has 45 years of experience at national and varied international fields and United Nations, He has been the Director, Courses, USI of India since last 10 years and has participated in over 3000 TV shows globally. Maj. General Asthana has spoken in various Strategic, Military Forums, UN Organisations, think tanks and universities and is currently on the advisory board many organisations in India and abroad. Awarded twice by President of India, twice by the UN and was awarded twice for “International Diplomacy and Global Conflict Resolutions” by IOED.


Price: 101

Indian Ocean Region Problems Further Compounded by West Asian Conflicts and Crisis

By 1: Anil Trigunayat

Page No : 39-46

Author : Amb. Anil Trigunayat is a former Indian Ambassador to Jordan, Libya, Malta, a Distinguished Fellow and Head of West Asia group at Vivekananda International Foundation.


Price: 101

Countering Red Sea Crisis Signals Evolving ‘Collective’ Security in Indian Ocean

By 1: N. Janardhan

Page No : 47-57

The quadruple whammy in West Asia since late 2023 – Israel-Gaza war and Red Sea crisis involving Al Houthis, Somali piracy, and Israel-Iran deterrence show – has tested India’s equidistant foreign policy. While New Delhi has been diplomatically neutral on the political context of the crises, it has been actively involved, especially in the Red Sea and Somali piracy crises, with its navy playing a significant role to protect its own national interests. In the process, it has also helped, along with others, the global cause of free passage of trade in the Indian Ocean. This article analyses the developments that have bolstered India’s evolving tag as a ‘regional security provider’. It also urges India to be mindful of West Asia, especially the Gulf countries, now preferring a multi aligned policy while dealing with the United States and China, which is likely to make it a part of an evolving ‘collective’ security architecture rather than be its ‘chief’ architect.

Author : Dr N. Janardhan, with over 25 years of regional expertise, he analyses and unravels the evolving multi-dimensional partnerships between the countries of the Gulf and Asia. He is the Director, Research and Analysis Department, Anwar Gargash Diplomatic Academy, Abu Dhabi. The last of his four books was The Arab Gulf’s Pivot to Asia: From Transactional to Strategic Partnerships. Dr Janardhan is also an adjunct professor at the Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po, non resident fellow at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington and Managing Assistant Editor of the Journal of Arabian Studies. He is a regular contributor to international think tank activities, academic publications and media outlets.


Price: 101

The Spill-over Effect of the West Asian Conflict on The Indian Ocean Region

By 1: Waiel Awwad

Page No : 59-69

Author : Waiel Awwad, Political Analyst and West Asia Strategist,


Price: 101

The Spillover Effect of the Conflict in West Asia in the Indian Ocean Region

By 1: R. Bhadana

Page No : 71-80

Author : Commorore Rajbir Singh Bhadana is a retired naval officer with 33 years of active service. He also holds M.Tech Degree from IIT Kanpur and management degree from the College of Defence Management, Hyderabad. He was also deputed to the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) twice for the development of critical naval systems. He is also the recipient of the “Vishist Seva Medal.” After early retirement in 2006, he joined the private sector associated with various aspects of Mercantile Navy. He is currently working as a freelance consultant with focus on maritime infrastructure development.


Price: 101

Let Not Slip The Dogs of War: Potential Trajectories of Escalation of the Gaza Conflict and Likely Resonances

By 1: Kingshuk Chatterjee

Page No : 81-94

Author : Dr. Kingshuk Chatterjee is a Professor in the Department of History, Calcutta University, and is associated with the Institute of Foreign Policy Studies, Kolkata. He has previously served as a Founding Professor in the Department of History, School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Shiv Nadar University and as a Fulbright Scholar-in-Residence at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. His area of expertise is in Middle Eastern politics. He is the author of Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran and A Split in the Middle: The Making of the Political Centre in Iran (1987-2004), and editor of multiple volumes on Middle Eastern politics and India’s relations with the Middle East.


Price: 101

The Spill-Over Effect of The West Asian Conflict On The Indian Oceanic Region

By 1: Shyam Kumar

Page No : 95-110

Author : Captain Shyam Kumar, Indian Navy Retd, is a 35 years Naval Veteran with war ship Captain and Aviation Naval Pilot instructor grading. He holds Master degree in Defence and strategic Studies. He is a regular contributor to magazines, TV, AIR and digital media as a defence, strategic and international affairs analyst.


Price: 101

Regional News and Views

By 1: ..

Page No : 111-119

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Instruction to the Author

Readers are encouraged to contribute articles for the Journal of Indian Ocean Studies. Generally, a theme for each issue is decided three months in advance. Articles are therefore expected to fall within/connected to the theme. However, papers/articles related to aspects of maritime economy, maritime security and geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific, will also be welcome. The following template/style is preferred:

Word Length: 3000-3500


The article should not include an abstract, but an introduction or preamble is preferable. If desired, group headings may be used to discuss factors.

Citations: Footnotes

To enquire about the next Issue’s theme and for sending articles, the Managing Editor may be contacted at:-


Phone: +91 9650691602

Word Length: 3000-3500

The article should not include an abstract, but an introduction or preamble is preferable. If desired, group headings may be used to discuss factors.

Citations: Footnotes

To enquire about the next Issue’s theme and for sending articles, the Managing Editor may be contacted at:-
Phone: +91 9650691602

Every precaution is taken by the editors of the Journal of Indian Ocean Studies to guard against any violation of publication ethics by the contributors. To this end, the journal follows the following norms:

  1. Manuscript submitted by the contributor must be an original contribution not published earlier anywhere or in any form, 
  2. Any material or quotation from another author/source cited in the manuscript must be duly acknowledged. 
  3. No offensive language should be used by the contributors. In case, the manuscript or any part of it is found containing an offensive language or a phrase against diplomatic protocol towards any person, organisation or country, it will be outright rejected by the editors. 
  4. The authors will be solely responsible for the facts and figures mentioned in their articles.

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