Journal of Psychosocial Research
Current Volume: 18 (2023 )
Month(s) of Publication: June & December
Journal of Psychosocial Research (JPR) is a broad-based multidisciplinary scientific peer-reviewed journal. It encompasses various fields of Humanities and Social Sciences such as health, education, technology, philosophy, management, industry, and economics that have psychological implications for social policy and planning. JPR is a peer-reviewed publication, which welcomes empirical and theoretical papers created by researchers and scholars in the field with international quality and standards. It also includes research summaries and book reviews on the relevant subjects.
PsycINFO database of American Psychological Association
EBSCO Publishing (USA)
Editor Professor of Psychology (retd.)
Dr. Harbans Lal Kaila
SNDT Women's University, Mumbai
Director-Forum of Behavioural Safety
Email : email@example.com
Late Prof. Usha S. Nayar, Mumbai
Prof. Prakash Padakannaya, Mysore
Prof. Jitendra Mohan, Chandigarh
Prof. Ramakrishna Rao, Visakhapatnam
Prof. Sunita Gupta, Amritsar
Prof. J. C. Sharma, Mumbai
Dr. Harish Shetty, Mumbai
Prof. Waseem Alladin, London
Prof. Rajni Sahni, Delhi
Prof. A. K. Srivastava, Kanpur
Prof. P. R. Poduval, Cochin
Prof. B. S. Gupta, Varanasi.
Dr. Satish Pai, Mumbai
Prof. Vipin Chilana, Mumbai
Prof. Dr. Asoke Kumar Saha, Bangladesh
Manisha Sawhney, USA
Dr. Updesh Kumar, Delhi
Dr. Meera Shanker, Mumbai
Professor of Psychology (retd.)
Volume 18 Issue 1 , (Jan-2023 to Jun-2023)
Behavioural Challenges and Positive Adaptations in Children during Covid-19
By: Bhuvanesware B G , Anupama Srivastava
Page No : 1-8
COVID-19 has brought forth, the imperative necessity to identify its effects on the psycho-social well-being of humans especially children. Ill applications in dealing with children and their well-being may precipitate long-term challenges for the young ones. The present study aimed to identify the behavioural changes in children during COVID-19. A semi-structured interview was administered to the parents of children aged 8-12 years. Information on the changes in behaviour during COVID19 and how effectively parents dealt with it and the positive adaptations by the children were recorded. Results revealed that excessive screen indulgence, anger, sleep disturbances, anxiety, and concentration issues in children were reported by the parents. Most parents in turn addressed these problems by building conversations and engaging in creative activities. The pandemic has also enabled children to develop autonomy and learn new responsibilities. The study concludes that though children were impacted by the pandemic socially and emotionally they have also adapted positively to deal with new circumstances.
Bhuvanesware B G: Research Scholar – Amity Institute of Behavioural & Allied Sciences, Amity University, Haryana, India.
Anupama Srivastava : Head of the Department – Chitkara School of Psychology and Counselling, Chitkara University, Punjab.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.1
Reflective Report: Challenges Encountered During Quantitative Survey Fieldwork in India
By: Monika Srivastava , Dr. Anindita Ghosh
Page No : 9-19
Limited research has been published on field reflections, especially on quantitative studies. The current work addresses this gap by focusing on the challenges faced during the process of quantitative survey fieldwork in public and private hospitals in India. It discusses four key issues related to data collection permissions, skepticism towards research, unanticipated questions from participants, and limited resources; crucial for future researchers to contemplate on. Implications have been suggested for future researchers and practitioners for undertaking fieldwork in India. It is concluded that awareness of the socio-cultural background of a region is helpful in generating creative solutions to the challenges faced.
Monika Srivastava : Ph.D. Scholar in Psychology – Department of Liberal Arts, IIT Bhilai, India.
Dr. Anindita Ghosh : Assistant Professor in Psychology – Department of Liberal Arts, IIT Bhilai, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.2
Teachers’ Perception about Adolescents and Stressors in their Lives
By: Vandana Singh , Komilla Thapa
Page No : 21-32
Aim of this study was to identify the stressors in the lives of adolescents from the perspective of adults, namely their teachers with whom they have their greatest social and emotional interaction. Focus group discussions were conducted with thirty teachers in two different schools thus resulting in four FGDs in eight sessions. Teachers included in the study were teaching Classes of VIII-XII. Two kinds of schools were chosen for the study namely- Government and Private schools. This selection was based on the premise that these schools would cover a wider range of stressors in adolescents as schools play a major role in the lives of adolescents. Some keywords were formulated prior to the FGDs and these were piloted and used in the FGDs. FGDs were analyzed through the method of content analysis and themes were used as unit of analysis. Line by line approach was used, where every sentence was studied to determine the themes. According to teachers, adolescents do not have any academic pressure as the current examination system has made studies easier and allows them time to enjoy leisure activities. Amongst the stressors, teachers felt that parental expectations was the main stressor along with peer pressure, competition in getting admission in higher institutes. There was general agreement that stressors related to the environment and social context contributed to stress and adolescents were not able to cope with them because of their unhealthy life style.
Vandana Singh : PhD. – Department of Psychology, University of Allahabad.
Komilla Thapa : Retd. Professor – Department of Psychology, University of Allahabad.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.3
Effect of Information on the Out-group Perception and Ingroup Bias
By: Moinuddin , Shabana Bano
Page No : 33-42
The present study was conducted to examine the effect of information on the outgroup perception and in-group bias. It was conducted with Hindu (n=120) and Muslim (n=120) adolescents using pre and post-test design. They were randomly assigned into three groups. They were exposed to a different kind of information (positive, negative and neutral). Results revealed that positive information exposure increased out-group positive perception and negative information exposure increased out-group negative perception in both Hindus and Muslims in comparison to the exposure to neutral information.
Moinuddin : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, D.S. College, Aligarh, India.
Shabana Bano : Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.4
Psychological Treatment of Magical Thinking and Associated Symptoms: A Case Report
By: Poonam Joshi , Dr. Ravikesh Tripathi
Page No : 43-50
Magical thinking is widely explored phenomenon in normal and abnormal population. Magical and superstitious beliefs are universal aspects of our life. However, elevated magical thinking is often seen in obsessive compulsive disorder and other anxiety disorders. There is a lack of intervention studies on magical thinking. This case study reports the role of magical thinking in the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The case report further highlights the usefulness of cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of magical thinking and associated psychopathology. Magical thinking and its putative role in the development and maintenance of psychopathology is not adequately explored. This case study highlights the application of cognitive behavior therapy in managing magical thinking and associated psychopathology. Role of cultural belief system in the development and maintenance of magical thinking need to be systematically explored in the future.
Poonam Joshi : Assistant Professor,Clinical Psychology, Amity University, Rajasthan.
Dr. Ravikesh Tripathi : Assistant Professor – Clinical Psychology, NIMHANS.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.5
Is Family Dynamics, Belief System and Structure Changing or Challenging?
By: Pradeep Kumar , Sanjay
Page No : 51-58
Importance as well as responsibility of family has been recognized since Vedic era. But from the last two decades, drastically changed have seen in the Indian social scenario and family dynamics. The purpose of the study was to explore about the current family structure of Indian society. Recently Indian families are experiencing the enormous impact of the socio-economic-political changes brought about by globalisation, technological developments and allied forces. Therefore, the present situation definitely calls for formally structured professional interventions for helping individuals living in families to make their experiences more meaningful and their family life more democratic and enriched through preventive and developmental programmes.
Pradeep Kumar : Consultant Psychiatric Social Work – State Institute of Mental Health, Pt. B.D.S.U.H.S., PGIMS, Rohtak.
Sanjay : M. Phil, Psychiatric Social Work Trainee – Department of PSW, Institute of Mental Health, Pt.B.D.S.U.H.S., PGIMS, Rohtak.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.6
Resilience and Life Satisfaction among Karate and Kalaripayattu Practitioners
By: Athira Sivan , Fathima Zeba K.H
Page No : 59-69
With modernization and advancement in technology, people are overwhelmed by the stressors in their life. The repeated failures to combat with the stressors have widened its focus on improving the resilience of the person. Resilience to stressors provides a wealth of improving the overall wellbeing and satisfaction with life. Training of martial arts not only helps to cope with the stressful realities of life but also improve the self-esteem, self-control, emotional and spiritual health of the practitioner. The present study was done with a purpose of understanding the level of resilience and life satisfaction among the karate and kalaripayattu practitioners. Convenient sampling technique was adopted for the study and a total of 120 participants which included 40 karate practitioners, 40 kalaripayattu practitioners and 40 those who did not participate in any kind of physical activity for the past one year were included for the study. Resilience scale by Conner and Davidson (2003) and Satisfaction with life scale by Diener & Pavot (2008) was used for the study. The coded data was analysed and the result showed that there is a significant difference between the resilience and life satisfaction among karate, kalaripayattu and general population. The karate practitioners were found to have the highest level of resilience and life satisfaction. The study provides an insight to how martial art practice can improve the resilience and life satisfaction of the practitioners and further can be included in the curriculum.
Athira Sivan : 2nd MSc Psychology – MES College, Marampally, Kerala, India.
Fathima Zeba K.H : Assistant Professor – MES College, Marampally, Kerala, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.7
Depression Impact’s: Undergraduate Student’s Pattern of Time Use
By: Suman Mishra
Page No : 71-78
A study was done to compare the pattern of time use among students with high level of depression and low level of depression. A sample of 40 female students was randomly taken from students of faculty of social sciences, DEI. For the measurement of Depression Level of university students “Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II)” was administered on the sample. For the measurement of Time Use Pattern “Pattern of Time Use Scale” was administered on the sample. The results showed that the difference between time spent by the two groups of students on essential routine activities and personality growth activities were significant at .05 level. Normal students spent more time on routine activities and personality growth activities in comparison to students with high depression. The difference in time spent on entertainment activities by the two groups of students was not found to be statistically significant (p>.05).
Dr. Suman Mishra : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Sabarmati University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.8
Risk Taking Behavior in Relation to Self-Esteem and Individual Income of Shareholders in Dhaka City
By: Asoke Kumar Saha , Arunavo Bairagi , Atanu Dogra , Farjana Ahmed , Jannatul Ferdous Proma , Md. Zakir Hossain, , Tahmid Rafi , Parimal Kumar
Page No : 71-91
The purpose of this research is to explore the impact of self-esteem and individual income on risk taking behavior. 52 shareholders were selected purposively. To collect data on Bangla version of “Risk Decision Measure” and “Self-esteem Scale” were administered on targeted population. To analyze the obtained data descriptive statistics, correlation, stepwise multiple regressions were performed. Correlation analysis (Table 2) between monthly income and self-esteem showed that, both have positive correlation (r=.425, p<0.01) which implies that monthly income increase, then self-esteem also increase. Correlation analysis between monthly income and risk-taking behavior showed that, both have positive correlation (r=.538, p<0.01) which implies that monthly income increase, then risk taking behavior also increase. Correlation analysis also showed that self-esteem and risk-taking behaviour both have positive correlation (r=.737, p<0.01) which implies that selfesteem increase, then risk taking behavior also increase. The findings also indicate that monthly income and self-esteem was the significant predictor of risk-taking behavior. These two variables accounted for 60.5% variance of risk-taking behavior. Among this variable self-esteem was the most influential predictor which alone explained 54.3% variance of risk taking behavior. The findings can be used to improve therapy methods for troubled individuals that experience issues in life due to an extreme tendency of financial risk-taking, such as gambling problems, excessive consumption habits, debt issues, or other problems.
Asoke Kumar Saha : Professor – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Atanu Dogra : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Calcutta University, India.
Farjana Ahmed : Professor – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Arunavo Bairagi : Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, Chittagong University, Bangladesh.
Jannatul Ferdous Proma : Ex-MS Student – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Md. Zakir Hossain : Ex-MS Student – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Tahmid Rafi : Ex-MS Student – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Parimal Kumar : Lecturer – Bheramara Govt. Mahila College, Bangladesh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.9
Neuropsychological Functioning in Females with Fibromyalgia and Depression: A Comparative Study
By: Sampurna Chakraborty , Bidita Bhattacharya
Page No : 93-102
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain. It is associated with heterogeneous symptoms like fatigue, non-restorative sleep, psychological distress, particularly depression. Fibromyalgia is often associated with cognitive problems known as fibro-fog. In this study, attention, working memory and executive functioning were assessed using neuropsychological tests – Digit vigilance, Trail making test, Triads test, n-back test and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. The sample consisted of 45 females, 15 diagnosed with fibromyalgia, 15 mild-moderate depression, and 15 healthy controls. Fibromyalgia patients showed poorer sustained and divided attention than depression and healthy females. Working memory and executive functioning deficits were also higher in the fibromyalgia group. The result was beneficial to identify the deficit in divided attention and how it interferes with information processing and handling complex stimuli. The study is helpful in understanding fibro-fog and compares the neurocognitive functioning with depression which is often an underlying symptom in fibromyalgia.
Sampurna Chakraborty : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Christ University, Bangalore, India.
Bidita Bhattacharya : Associate Professor – Department of Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Kolkata, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.10
Impact of Stress on Physical-Mental Wellbeing of Working Women: Lack of Cognisance and Acceptability
By: Meera Shankar
Page No : 103-114
Three hundred and fifty women, working at several levels joined the study, responding the items measuring stress and physical health. The psychometric properties of items and Cronbach’s Alpha reliabilities calculated for the subscales were relatively satisfactory. The subscale correlations (CFA), regression and path analysis (SEM) of stress dimensions with physical illness were found to be positive, indicating the growing stress among working women in India, which is affecting their physical health. However, item analysis revealed that 77 percent women have never visited to psychologists; 70 percent working women were not ready to seek help of psychologist, concluding that women were not ready to accept the serious consequences of the stress affecting their physical health, which could be life threatening in future.
Meera Shanker : Professor and Director – JDBIMS, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.11
Linking Safety Culture to Company Values and Legacy
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 115-124
Do corporate values and legacy reflect in safety culture among employees, is a critical question? Unless safety is practiced as a value by employees, it does not get sustained. It takes regulated efforts from top to down to inculcate safety as a value in an organization. To make it possible, eight companies participated in this research and shared their insights. Three cultural stages (pre-cultural intervention, cultural intervention, and post-intervention) are described that would facilitate linking safety culture to company values and heritage. For strengthening safety culture as corporate values, many ways are recommended such as reporting, policy, principle of safety first and production next, safety as a subject in academics, driving company’s values in actions by implementing behavioural safety approach, make life first as a value on long term basis, connecting safety culture with individual’s goals, include safety culture score in group sustainability targets, and linking organizational ethics with safety values.
Harbans Lal Kaila : Professor of Psychology (Retd.), SNDT Women’s University, Director - Forum of Safety culture, Mumbai, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.12
Blood Groups and Music Listening: Effects on Physical and Mental Health, Well-being and Positivity
By: Uma Gupta , Manish Kumar Singh
Page No : 125-140
The major objectives of the study were to explore and compare the effects of music listening on the measures of physical health, mental health, well-being and positivity across blood groups, viz., O, A, B, and AB blood groups. In each blood group there were 28 participants; they were drawn from the initial blood testing of 200 postgraduate students. The participants listened to flute music for 30 minutes a day for 20 days. Pre- and post- music intervention treatment design was used for assessments on the dependent variables. The study led to the following conclusions: (1) persons having O blood group have in general higher levels of blood pressure, heart rate, perceived stress, anxiety and depression, and lesser levels of well-being measures, resilience and self-efficacy; persons having B blood group have also similar characteristics but to a slightly lesser degree. Listening to slow-paced flute music leads to more intensified effects in persons having O blood group in terms of decrease in blood pressure and heart rate, reduction in perceived stress, anxiety and depression, and enhancement of positive affect (well-being measures, resilience and self-efficacy); similar effects were found for persons having B blood group but the effects were statistically significant for seven dependent variables out of a total of eleven dependent variables; (2) persons having A and AB blood groups have in general normal or lesser levels of blood pressure, heart rate, perceived stress, anxiety and depression, and higher levels of well-being measures, resilience and self-efficacy. Music listening does not lead to any statistically significant effect in persons having A and AB blood groups.
Manish Kumar Singh : Assistant Professor – School of Social Sciences, Uttar Pradesh Rajarshi Tandon Open University, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh.
Uma Gupta : Professor – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.13
Behaviour Based Safety (BBS) 2.0
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 141-147
Most companies take safety implementation as a face-saving exercise to suit business perspective, as because, the long-term commitment for building safety culture is a bit harder for them. HSE professionals emphasised on integrating the safety systems with the positive safety culture. This article describes the need for behaviour based safety 2.0, defines BBS 2.0 interventions and makes us aware of its challenges and issues while integrating it with the organisational culture. BBS 1.0 and 2.0 is a journey from individual behaviours to organisational transformation. This manuscript briefs on how behaviour based safety (BBS) 2.0 is implemented qualitatively at organisational levels. BBS 1.0 and 2.0 both together transform the safety culture into a positive work culture. BBS 2.0 focuses more on organisational factors, rather individual behaviour. The basic difference between BBS 1.0 and 2.0 is clarified. BBS 2.0 does not replace BBS 1.0 but both are complementary to each other. The broad focus of BBS 1.0 is on building culture, while the focus of BBS 2.0 is on building organisational perspective.
Harbans Lal Kaila : Professor of Psychology (Retd.) – SNDT Women’s University, Director - Forum of Safety culture, Mumbai, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2023.18.01.14
Page No : 149-153
Jan-2022 to Jun-2022
Development and Validation of Item Response Theory based Computer Adaptive Pictorial Situational Judgment Test of Resilience
By: Y. K. Nagle , Gowtham Arumugam
Page No : 1-14
Recent years, Personality assessment has become more challenging in predicting future behavior of an individual, since existing personality inventories, projective and semi-projective techniques have certain limitations for the assessment of personality traits. Hence, the present study was undertaken to develop and validate Pictorial Situational Judgment Test of Resilience (P-SJT-R) which is one of the personality trait. Sample of the study constitute of males (n = 959) and females (n = 664) with age range of 18 to 24 years, Undergraduate and graduate students from across India participated in the study. Situational stem of P-SJT-R has 34 items (Pictorial and written) and response alternative which is designed to reproduce one of five resilience-related factors. Further, the study examined well established five factors of resilient behavior and captured individuals’ responses to adverse situations. The P-SJT-R is a viable alternative measure of resilience. The P-SJT-R has established sound psychometric properties using IRT 3-PL model, and have evidence of reliability and; construct and criterion-related validity. The replicability of these findings has to be tested in a large community sample to mirror the findings.These results provide support for the use of P-SJT-R for the purpose of measuring resilience.
Y. K. Nagle
Former Scientist ‘F’ (DRDO) – 33 Services Selection Board, SCC, Bhopal, India.
Scientist ‘B’ (DRDO) – 33 Services Selection Board, SCC, Bhopal, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.1
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Family Environment: Brief case report
By: Arkita Pal , Paramita Roy
Page No : 15-21
Among all the mental health disorders, suicide has been reported as a global problem. This present work aims to identify the association between non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors and the family environment. The articles on non-suicidal self-injurious behavior and other family domains were identified, and additionally, supporting brief case report has been proved the interlink between non-suicidal self-injurious behavior and family environment. Functional Assessment of Self- Mutilation Scale and Family Environment Scale assessed the severity of non-suicidal self-injurious behavior and family environment. However, the literature showed a positive connection between non-suicidal self-injury and family environment supported by a brief primary case.
Research Scholar – Visva Bharati University and Assistant Professor Amity Institute Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata.
Associate Professor – Visva Bharati University, Department of Social Work, Birbhum.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.2
Cooking Reduces the Stress of Individual during Chronic COVID Pandemic
By: Piyaly De
Page No : 23-30
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an unprecedented situation across the world, in front of a microscopic little virus. Learning to cope with stress in this pandemic cooking is one of the greatest avenue. Male and female regular and nonregular home cook were selected as subject from Kolkata city. A General Information Schedule, Perceived Stress Scale and Need Fulfillment Questionnaire (based on cooking) were administered to them. The findings revealed that average stress level of regular home cook (male and female) whereas nonregular cook from above said city have shown better coping towards COVID related stress.
Teacher, Department of Psychology, S.A. Jaipuria College, Kolkata
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.3
A Study on Relationship between Emotional Deprivation and Institutionalization
By: Dipanjana Chatterjee , Mallika Banerjee
Page No : 31-42
Parental love and affection are almost undeniable factor for a child’s healthy mental growth and functioning. However, in absence of family or the family is not able to or ready to take the responsibility of those children, they are sent to residential institutions. Residential institutions are a place to live, being provided the basic amenities. This study aims to compare adolescents within and outside institutionalization in relation to emotional deprivation. Adolescents age between 13-17 years of both genders were taken significant difference has been found between Institutionalized their non-institutionalized counterparts in respect to Emotional deprivation.
Assistant Professor – Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata.
Professor (Retd.) – Department of Psychology, University of Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.4
Relationship between Psychological Well-being, Resilience, Grit, and Optimism among College Students in Mumbai
By: Riya Shah , Anuja Deshpande
Page No : 43-54
College years are very important in an individual’s life, however, as the complexity of the course increases, it brings in various challenges. Thus, this study aims to investigate the relationship between psychological well-being (PWB), resilience, grit, and optimism among college students in Mumbai. Employing purposive and snowball sampling techniques, Flourishing Scale (Diener, et al., 2009), Brief Resilience Scale (Smith, et al., 2008), Short Grit Scale (Duckworth & Quinn, 2009), and lastly, the Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier, Carver & Bridges, 1994) was administered. Correlational analysis (N = 95) indicated a positive link of PWB with resilience, grit, and optimism. Resilience was also positively correlated with grit and optimism. However, the relationship between grit and optimism was not found to be significant. The study assisted to fill the gap in the literature and can also help college institutions to incorporate practices for mental health hygiene of its students.
Post Graduate Student – Department of Psychology, Maniben Nanavati Women’s Psychology, Mumbai, India- 400056.
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Maniben Nanavati Women’s College, Mumbai, India- 400056
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.5
Psychoticism and Music Listening: Effects on Psychophysiological Health and Wellness
By: Uma Gupta , Vipin Kumar Singh
Page No : 55-81
The study was designed (1) to examine whether listening to slow-paced music played on a flute for 20 days produces any effect on the scores related to the variables of physical health, mental health, alexithymia, well-being and psychosocial capabilities in high and low scorers on the scale of psychoticism (P); (2) to adjudge whether music listening produces similar or differential effects on the scores related to the dependent variables in the two groups of participants. The high and low P scorer participants were selected on the basis of their scores on the P scale determined by administering the revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire to 1000 postgraduate students; 80 students from the uppermost 10% students were assigned to the high P scorer group and 80 students from the lowermost 10% students were assigned to the low P scorer group. In each group the participants were randomly assigned to two subgroups, music subgroup and the control subgroup, in equal numbers. A randomly controlled psychoticism × treatments factorial design (n = 40) with pre- and post-testing on the dependent variables, was used. The study led to the following conclusions: (1) music listening significantly decreases blood pressure and heart rate, reduces stress, anxiety, depression and alexithymic tendencies (except externally oriented thinking – EOT), enhances life satisfaction, optimism and meaning in life, and improves resilience, self-efficacy and psychosocial flourishing in high P scorers; in low P scorers music listening produces similar effects but the effects were statistically significant for 11 out of 15 variables; (2) music listening produces more intensified effects in high P scorers compared to low P scorers, on all the dependent variables except alexithymia EOT. In addition, the study revealed that 26% participants in the high P scorer group (n = 80) were in the “borderline clinical depression” category and 5% in the “moderate depression” category; in the low P scorer group (n = 80) these figures were 6.25 and 1.25% respectively. Music’s potential of generating positive schemas as well as its role in producing alleviating impact on depression and negative affect and a facilitating impact on promoting wellness and positive affect were discussed.
Vipin Kumar Singh
Ph.D. Scholar – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
Professor – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.6
Job Satisfaction among Special Educators
By: Rupali Jain , Wasim Ahmad
Page No : 83-88
The job satisfaction has been a key factor in one’s life. These factors have been very important as far as disability rehabilitation field is concerned. The present study was conducted to investigate the level of job satisfaction among special educators and its correlation with general education teachers. The sample for the present study were 50 special educators selected from Government Rehabilitation Institute for Intellectual Disabilities (GRIID), Chandigarh and special educators working as resource teachers in Government Model Senior Secondary School (GMSSS), Chandigarh, India. The sample were selected using cluster method by employing purposive cum convenient sampling. Data collection was done by utilizing Job Satisfaction Scale for Teacher developed by Dixit (1993). It is a Likert type 5-point scale consists of 52 items distributed across the eight areas. The Scoring is done on five-point alternatives, viz., strongly agree-5, agree-4, undecided-3, disagree-2 and strongly disagree-1. The results of the study revealed that with regard to age, gender, experience, and education, there is a substantial difference in job satisfaction among special educators. The study has some distinct implication in the field of disability rehabilitation. Based on the results of this research, it could be recommended that special and general educators’ job satisfaction should be taken into account at work.
Special Educator – The Indian International School, Dubai, UAE.
Assistant Professor – Special Education (Intellectual Disability), Govt. Rehabilitation Institute for Intellectual Disabilities (GRIID), Chandigarh, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.7
Gender and Age Differences in Perceived Vulnerability to Disease and Anxiety
By: Vaishali Bendre , Mrunal Tare
Page No : 89-96
COVID–19 pandemic situation created feelings of uncertainty and anxiety among the masses. Current study tried to assess the parameters like Perceived Vulnerability to Disease (PVD) and State anxiety in adult population in Maharashtra. Outcome of this research indicates that those who had COVID-19 infection showed significantly more Perceived Infectability and Germ Aversion than those who were not infected. Also, the age group of 18-40 years showed significantly more anxiety than the age group of 41+ years. State anxiety was found to be positively correlated to Perceived Infectability and negatively correlated to Germ Aversion.
Visiting faculty (Psychology) – Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune.
Visiting Faculty (Department of Psychology) – MIT WPU, Pune, Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.8
Emotional Intelligence: Identifying Emotions from Facial Expressions
By: Sweta Saraff , Malabika Tripathi
Page No : 97-106
The association between emotional intelligence and the ability to accurately recognize and identify different facial expressions is unexplored. The current situation of the pandemic has forced many people to face intense and complex emotions that are difficult to process or manage. Emotional intelligence affects individuals’ ability to perceive and identify complex emotions through nonverbal cues such as facial expressions. This paper discusses the relationship between emotional intelligence (EQ) and the recognition of emotions accurately. The participants are 200 undergraduates from universities in India. They were administered the Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test (SSEIT) (Schutte et al., 1998) online for measuring emotional intelligence. Google Form was prepared to study participants’ ability to recognize emotions via images depicting facial expressions. The result shows a significant positive correlation of 0.67 between EQ and accurate recognition of emotions. The findings reiterate that reading others’ facial expressions can be a precursor to emotional intelligence.
Visiting faculty (Psychology) – Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune.
Visiting Faculty (Department of Psychology) – MIT WPU, Pune, Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.9
Mediating Role of Student Engagement on Learning Outcomes with Reference to Online Classes
By: Srividya Prathiba
Page No : 107-118
Higher education today plays a key role in the education system in India. This paper bent to formulate a SE Model on the impact of student’s engagement between professor’s proficiency, student’s expectations and perceived student learning outcome among college students studying in Chennai. The study is conducted with a structured survey using exploratory and confirmatory Factor Analysis and structural equation model has been used to identify the professor’s proficiency factors and student ‘expectation drives on student engagement. Impact of students’ engagement on students’ performance. The findings indicated that academically engaged student’s expectation drives along with professor’s proficiency are the main reason for the performance of the students.
Head & Associate Professor – B. Com. A & F M.O.P. Vaishnav College for Women Chennai-34
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.10
Mental Health in Relation to Locus of Control among the Youth in Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India
By: Osunam Pertin , Swati Patra
Page No : 119-130
Mental health among youth assumes significance in view of psychosocial problems and increased risk of mental disorders in particular sociocultural context. Sagar (2020) reports that according to the Global Burden of Disease, the prevalence of conduct disorder and ADHD was highest among the youth in Arunachal Pradesh. Hence it is important to study mental health in youth and the present study examines mental health in relationship to locus of control among the youth of Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh in India. The sample included 300 youth (150 females and 150 males) aged 15 to 23 years from educational institutions in Itanagar. They were classified into three age groups (15-17, 18- 20, and 21-23 years), having 100 participants in each. Mental Health Continuum Short Form (Keyes, 2005) and Rotter’s Locus of Control scale (Rotter, 1966) were administered. Findings indicated increase in flourishing and decrease in languishing state of mental health of youth with an increase in the age group. A majority of youth was found to have good mental health with moderate (52%) to flourishing (30%) state of mental health, whereas 18% of youth reported languishing or a poor state of mental health. There was a significant gender difference in mental health. Although both the genders have almost similar distribution in moderate category of mental health; males have higher level in flourishing (males – 17%, females – 13%), and females have higher level in languishing (females – 11.67%, males – 6.33%) state of mental health. Data also indicated higher percentage of males (38.6%) in internal locus of control; whereas there are a higher percentage of females (13.35%) in external locus of control as compared to males. This may explain the poor mental health of females as internal locus of control is associated with better mental health. Thus the study has implications for youth mental health.
PhD Scholar – Discipline of Psychology, SOSS, IGNOU, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi-110068.
Professor of Psychology – SOSS, IGNOU, New Delhi–110068.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.11
Children Psychological Morbidity due to COVID-19: A Case Study
By: Aprajita Dixit , Soma Sahu
Page No : 131-141
The COVID-19 pandemic has been reported to be associated with numerous major mental health issues globally; the most common is stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, insomnia, denial, anger, and fear. This case study presents here is that the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the significant loss of their family member followed by mental health symptoms experienced by children. This case study highlights the need to develop preventive strategies for vulnerable groups and try to understand the etiopathogenesis of illnesses so developing, in order to identify support systems and management strategies during the pandemic related crisis.
Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychologist – Institute of Mental Health & Life Skills Promotion, Moolchand Medcity, New Delhi.
Assistant Professor – Post Graduate Institute of Behavioural and Medical Sciences, Raipur.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.12
Fast-tracking Safety Culture in Industry or Face Incidents/Losses
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 143-169
Safety culture is a fast growing wave in industry today. Addressing gaps in building longterm supportive safety culture for companies underlines a set of unresolved questions on behavioural risks management in industry and possible solutions. Everyone raises voice for safety, safety culture comes and risk disappears, is it so simple? Most companies delayed their HSE decisions till they suffered. Why so? Without inculcating safety as a core corporate value, industry can not be considered safe. Behavioural safety culture is a live surveillance on the risks and their spotcorrection to ensure that the safety culture building process is kept on. Behaviouralisation of safety culture is necessary to overcome incidents and accidents at sites. Behavioural Safety Education to one and all is the safety culture being addressed by the most. Ideologies on safety cultures vary across the industries in terms of practices. The present article dwelt on identifying the unresolved critical questions on behavioural safety supportive culture implementation in industry and raised possible solutions. The data were collected from 603 industry professionals as being study participants. The sampling method was a non-random convenience sampling. A set of ten themes of research findings reflected upon the critical issues such as basic questions on Longterm safety cultures; Reactive safety culture; Collective voice and leadership for at-risk behaviours; Religion, spirituality, festivities for safety at sites; Implementation of safety with feeling for others; Features of companies not empowering their workforce for performing safety implementation; Competencies gap amongst the safety professionals, the major roadblocks in HSE decisions-making, the spot-implementation of behavior based safety (BBS) approach by top leaders, and myriad factors to advance the success of longterm supportive safety culture. Fast-tracking supportive safety culture at sites would mean the next levels of hard work.
Harbans Lal, earned his Masters’ degree in Psychology from Guru Nanak Dev University, and PhD from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. Served SNDT Women’s University and the Central Labour Institute, Mumbai for more than 28 years. Represented India in Conferences in New York, Berlin, Muscat, Rome, New Zealand, Japan, London, Dubai, Cairo and Sydney. Is the Editor of the Journal of Psychosocial Research. Director of the Forum of Behavioural Safety and has conducted >1000 behavioural safety programs for industry.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.13
Are Substance Dependent Struggling for Utilizing the Services during COVID-19
By: Pradeep Kumar , Sanjeev Mishra
Page No : 171-178
COVID-19 infection and lockdown strategies both are impacted to the human life negatively. Treatment modes, techniques and accessibility to the Healthcare system became compromising during the pandemic. This article aims to understand different problematic aspect in service utilization of addiction services. Due to lockdown people with substance abuse leads to relapse and resulting use of multiple substance, that can be cause severe health complications like withdrawal and worsen to death. So, these conditions are making them prone to procure drugs in illegal way. This crisis has paved the path towards development and acceptance of digital psychiatry as a mode of treatment.
M. Phil, Psychiatric Social Work Trainee – Department of PSW, Institute of mental health, Pt. B.D.S., PGIMS, Rohtak.
Consultant Psychiatric Social Work – State Institute of Mental Health, Pt. B.D.S., PGIMS, Rohtak.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.14
Psychosocial Impact of COVID-19 on Pregnant Women: Challenges and Strategies
By: Meenu Anand
Page No : 179-187
The COVID-19 pandemic has indeed exposed and aggravated inequalities of various kinds through the deadly impact of lockdowns, quarantines and the resurgence of various strains of the novel coronavirus. The current paper is based on a literature review of challenges faced by pregnant and lactating women and explores the impact of Corona pandemic on their lives. It draws attention towards the psychosocial difficulties faced by them during the COVID-19 pandemic and also seeks to suggest few potential psychosocial interventions to enable them from a rights based perspective.
Department of Social Work, University of Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.15
Coping Resources of Young People Experiencing COVID-19 Second Wave, in India: A Preliminary Study
By: Shilpa Ashok Pandit , Aatman Vaidya, Aangi Shah, Eshva Shah, Isha Iyer, Jhalak Golani, Kirti Pishe, Mantasha Guliwala, Shrishti Maheshwari and Tanishqua Dave
Page No : 189-199
The purpose of the student-led research study was to understand the experiences of COVID-19 in the second wave in terms of mental health and coping with loss and grief. To address the research questions, an exploratory survey tool was constructed, which documented the physiological and psychological experiences specific to anxiety, grief, panic, and distress through semi-structured schedules converted into google forms. The students were guided to construct the semi-structured questionnaire and the tool was translated and back-translated into regional languages of Gujarati, Marathi, Hindi, Malayalam, and Tamil. Given the lockdown, the data collection was carried out through telephonic and online interviews. Data collection was limited primarily to a youth population due to digital access being most available to youth (overall n = 203). Three key results are discussed. Firstly, data shows that the youth sample showed a clear preference for action readiness, even in the light of fear and distress due to the COVID-19 second wave. Females seemed to prefer a problem-solving coping pattern, but overall, the sample preferred to look at ‘what they could do’ in light of the fear and other distressing emotions. Second, given the age profile, the data showed that 50% of the sampled participants experienced moderate negative affect; 26% experienced low negative affect. Around 24% reported high negative affect in the aftermath of the COVID-19 second wave in May-July 2021. Third, data showed that participants reported two emotion focused coping strategies–through sharing more with the families and finding courage together. The coping strategies varied slightly according to the level of negative affect experienced. Given that the Government of India, in 2022, has initiated a telemental health program, with NIMHANS as a nodal agency, implications for policy and future research for mental health interventions leveraging technology are discussed.
Shilpa Ashok Pandit
Associate Professor – School of Arts and Sciences, Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
Aatman Vaidya, Aangi Shah, Eshva Shah, Isha Iyer, Jhalak Golani, Kirti Pishe, Mantasha Guliwala, Shrishti Maheshwari and Tanishqua Dave
Students – Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.16
Relationships among Problem Behavior, Violence and Social Behavior of Adolescence in Dhaka City
By: Asoke Kumar Saha , Mahadi-Ul-Morshed , Hamida Naz
Page No : 201-211
The objectives of present study were to see whether there is any significance relation between problem behavior and violence of adolescence, and to see whether there is any significance relation between problem behavior and social behavior of adolescence, and to see whether there is any significance relation between violence and social behavior of adolescence. In the present study the target population was school going children those who are adolescence. A total of 600 students were selected as participants and was drown them purposively. The present study required a social health profile questionnaire (Werthamer-Larsson; Kellam & Wheeler, 1991) which was prepared by Mahadi & Naz (2019), Likelihood of Violence and Delinquency questionnaire (Flewelling, Paschall & Ringwalt, 1993) which was prepared by Mahadi & Naz (2019), and Perception of Problem Behavior questionnaire (Loeber, Farrington, Southamer-Loeber & Van Kamman (1998) which was prepared by Mahadi & Naz (2019). The findings indicated that, according to socio-economic status significant difference were found for social behavior and problem behavior. Other findings also shown that, social behavior and violence has significantly different. According to gender the positive significance was shown in social behavior, problem behavior and violence. Further, correlation also shown that, there is a significant relation between problem behavior and violence. Finally, social behavior is negatively correlated with problem behavior, but there is a positively correlation with violence.
PhD Research Scholar – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka-1100 & Head, Research Division, Centre for Research in Multidiscipline - CRM.
Asoke Kumar Saha
Professor – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka-1100.
Lecturer – Department of Psychology, Ideal College, Dhaka-1205.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.17
Extraversion, Occupational Stress, Job Involvement and Job Satisfaction among Indian Sales Personnel
By: Nilesh Thakre , Rachana Jadhav
Page No : 213-225
The human personality dimension might provide a means to determine why an employee appears more or less involved in work. It also helps us to understand employees’ feelings whether he/she is satisfied or stressed about their work. The study investigates the effect of employees with high extraversion and employees with low extraversion on occupational stress, job involvement and job satisfaction among sales personnel. The participants of the study constitute 120 salespersons working in the sales industry. They were assessed by using NEO-FFI, occupational stress index, job involvement scale and Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire. The t-test was conducted for analyzing the data. The study reveals significant difference between employees with high extraversion and low extraversion on occupational stress: t (118) = .826, p < 0.05, job involvement: t (118) =.031, p < 0.05 and job satisfaction, t (118) = .144, p < 0.05. Findings of the study indicate that extrovert sales employees report less occupational stress, they are involved in the work and satisfied with their job. The important phenomenon of the impact of extraversion on occupational stress, job involvement and job satisfaction will enable organizations to recognize and modify them to the needs of the employees at work.
Associate Professor in Psychology – SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai.
Employee Engagement Executive – Vasta Bioinformatics Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.18
Invisible Barriers to Performance and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour Faced by Minorities
By: Sadhana Natu , Adwaita Deshmukh
Page No : 227-238
Social justice considerations rarely permeate the research or practices in organizational psychology. We analyse data from semi-structured interviews of academicians and corporate professionals, as well as existing literature on minorities at work, to highlight several barriers to work performance and extra-role contributions that are faced by minorities in corporate organizations. Along with barriers such as meritocracy, workplace ostracism, unfair treatment, low self-esteem harassment, and internalized discrimination, we show that expectations of performance and citizenship behaviours from minorities are excessive. Popular practices and research also put the onus of performance and other workplace contributions on the employee, when the organizational and social context has a major role to play in it. With these considerations, recommendations are offered for workplaces, researchers and policymakers to better include the marginalized at work and help them flourish.
PhD Scholar – Savitribai Phule, Pune University, Pune.
Associate Professor and Head – Department of Psychology, Modern College Ganeshkhind, Pune.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.19
Persons with Disability Amid COVID-19 Crisis
Page No : 239-247
The COVID-19 Pandemic and the subsequent lockdown were unprecedented. It has surely not been uniform in its impact especially for those who are most vulnerable and marginalised. Persons with Disabilities were not only vulnerable due to the Pandemic, but also due to the inaccessible essential requirement, and other medical/ psychological services. They faced unprecedented barriers while implementing the social distancing norms.
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 (RPD Act) guarantees “equal protection and safety” of persons with disabilities during disaster management (Section 8). The Union Government of India also introduced “Comprehensive Disability Inclusive Guidelines for Protection and Safety of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan) during COVID 19”.
Around 26.8 million Persons with Disabilities population of India were made vulnerable by the Pandemic. Hence, this Review Article delves deeper into the challenges faced by the Persons with Disability in India during the COVID-19 pandemic and provides further recommendations.
Pursuing PhD. – Department of Social Work, University of Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.20
Grit, Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Serving and Retired Police Personnel
By: Subodh Kumar , Dharam Pal Singh , Kritika Rastogi
Page No : 249-259
Policing is a stressful occupation which may have a negative impact on police personnel’s mental and physical health, performance, and interactions with citizens. This research was conducted to explore the relationship between grit, anxiety, stress and depression in serving and retired Police personnel. DASS-42 and 12 item Grit scales were used for data collection. The results showed that the retired police personnel had higher levels of anxiety, stress and depression than serving police personnel. Grit was found higher in retired police personnel than serving police personnel. No significant association was found between retired/ serving police personnel and grit, anxiety, stress & depression. Policy makers and police academies should focus and design special training programmes to address mental health issues faced by police personnel after retirement.
Dharam Pal Singh
ACP (Retd.), Delhi Police – Member, CWC, Delhi, India.
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, CHRIST (Deemed to be university), Delhi NCR, India.
Research Scholar – Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.01.21
By: Poonam Joshi
Page No : 261-264
Jul-2022 to Dec-2022
Do Blood Groups Explain Variance in Measures of Mental Health, Alexithymia and Psychosocial Capabilities?: A Cross Sectional Study of Healthy Young Adults
By: Uma Gupta , B. S. Gupta
Page No : 265-286
The major objectives of the study were to explore the differences, if any exist, between Rh positive and Rh negative individuals on the measures of mental health (stress, anxiety and depression), alexithymia (difficulty identifying feelings, difficulty describing feelings and externally oriented thinking) and psychosocial capabilities (resilience, self-efficacy and flourishing) as well as the differences on these variables across blood groups. Two hundred post-graduate students participated in the study. Standardized and widely used psychometric measures were used to measure the dependent variables. The study revealed: (1) Rh positive and Rh negative participants did not differ significantly on any dependent variable; (2) participants having O blood group compared to those of A and AB blood groups had significantly higher scores on the measures of mental health and alexithymia, i.e., the negative aspects of behavior; (3) participants having A and AB blood groups compared to those of O blood group had significantly higher scores on the measures of psychosocial capabilities, i.e., the positive aspects of behavior. The therapeutic implications of the finding were also discussed.
Professor – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
B. S. Gupta
Professor of Psychology (Retd.) – Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.1
Physical and Psychological Health in Relation to Work Engagement among Doctors in Kerala during COVID-19
By: Leena S T , Sulekha Desthageer
Page No : 287-297
The current study is conducted to investigate physical and psychological health in relation to work engagement among doctors in Kerala during COVID-19. The data for the study was collected using purposive sampling method, from 110 working doctors in Kerala between the ages of 23 and 68. Both male and female participants were considered for the study. Personal data sheet, physical health questionnaire- 14, general health questionnaire-12 and Utrecht work engagement scale-9 were used as the assessment tools for the present study. For analysing the data, statistical techniques such as frequency analysis, Mann-Whitney U test were used. The results indicated that 50.5% of doctors show average work engagement. The results of the study revealed that there is significant difference in physical health between doctors assigned with and without COVID-19 duty but no such difference in their psychological health and work engagement were found.
Counselling Psychologist – Inclusion Department, Apple International School, Al Qusais, Dubai.
Leena S T
Assistant Professor & Head of the Department – Department of Psychology, Christ Nagar College, Maranalloor, Thiruvananthapuram.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.2
Gender Differences in Automatic Thoughts and Emotional States among Young Adults during COVID-19 Pandemic
By: Susmita Halder , Shinjini Samajdar
Page No : 299-307
Corona virus pandemic leaded disturbances in mental health conditions due to uncertain nature. The aim of the present study is to explore the gender differences in automatic thoughts and the emotional states. Total 165 individuals, age range of 18 - 25 of both sexes were selected. Automatic thoughts questionnaire and depression, anxiety and stress scales were used. Results suggest the presence of significant negative emotions and negative automatic thoughts among young adults during pandemic and in the context of gender differences. In conclusion, identification and exploration of negative automatic thoughts and subject feelings of negative emotions should be considered to intervene through psychotherapy.
Dr. Susmita Halder
Associate Professor – St. Xavier’s University, Kolkata.
Assistant Professor – Brainware University, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.3
The Effect of Spiritual Counseling on Negative Life-events among Patients with Depression
By: Aleya Sanyal , Rekha Wagani , Santosh Meena
Page No : 309-319
Though very limited efforts have been made to explore the effectiveness of spiritual counseling on depression, many positive outcomes have been identified. Therefore, to further the field, the present paper with the help of previous literature proposes spiritual counseling as an extremely important tool which can results in decreasing symptoms of depression and leads to healthy individuals. The present study aims to investigate the effect of spiritual counseling on negative life-events among patients with depression and overall spiritual health. The study focused on ten patients (ages 18-45 years) recruited through the psychiatric outpatient department and randomly enrolled for a six-week spiritual counseling intervention. All the participants completed standardized questionnaires. Data were compared at three time points: at baseline, at 21-day follow-up and at 42-day follow-up. The structured scale for depression (SSD) and the structured spiritual health scale (SSHS) were used. The data were analyzed using the Friedman test. The spiritual counseling intervention reduced the level of depression. This standardized intervention program contributes positively to spiritual health. This kind of intervention can exert clinically relevant effects on important dimensions in patients with depression specifically those who had experienced negative life-events and contributes to spiritual health. However, large randomized controlled studies of high caliber with longer follow-up are required to confirm the same.
Ph.D. Scholar (Psychology) – Banasthali Vidyapith, Niwai, Rajasthan.
Assistant Professor – Amity Institute of Behavioural and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Maharashtra.
HOD and Associate Professor – Banasthali Vidyapith, Niwai, Rajasthan.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.4
Perceived Causality of Academic Performance: Development and Validation
By: Shradhesh Kumar Tiwari , Suman Singh , Dhananjay Kumar
Page No : 321-328
This study was design to develop a scale of perceived causality of academic performance for three social categories in India. An open-ended Interview, thematic analysis, content validity and finally scale was administered on 300 university students. Obtained data was evaluated as exploratory factor analysis, internal consistency and convergent, and discriminant validity. Factor analysis extracted five factors with 63.85% variance and excellent internal consistency and reliability, (Cronbach’s ? 0.92). Scale domains has potential capacity to screen causality of academic performance which is appropriate steps to remedy situation for university teachers, staffs and students for whose are victim of low self-esteem.
Shradhesh Kumar Tiwari
Research Associate – Department of Psychiatry, AIIMS, New Delhi.
Ph.D – Department of Psychology, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Uttar Pradesh.
Professor – Department of Psychology, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Uttar Pradesh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.5
Intergenerational Differences in Seeking Help for Psychological Distress: Role of Self-stigma and Perceived Social Support
By: Komal Chandiramani
Page No : 329-338
The objective of the present study was to explore intergenerational differences in seeking professional help, self-stigma and perceived social support and to examine the relationship between them. Seeking help reduces cost and impact of illness and allows more people to thrive and flourish and contribute to a more positive society. A two group designs was followed and the data was collected from Gen X (mothers) and Gen Z (daughters). Results indicated a significant difference on the measures of help seeking attitudes and self-stigma between Gen X and Gen Z. And a negative relationship exists between help seeking attitude with both self-stigma and perceived social support. Future suggestions and limitations were also suggested.
Dr. Komal Chandiramani
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Shaheed Rajguru College of Applied Sciences for Women, University of Delhi, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.6
Psychosocial Aspects of Hate: A Concise Narrative Review
By: Ershad Hussain , Sneha Toppo , Debjani Kar , Muhammed Sadik T. M
Page No : 339-349
The current article explores ‘hate’ and various psychosocial aspects related to it. It seeks to understand the concept of hate from a psychological and neurobiological perspective and further identifies the various psychosocial aspects of hate. The article also focuses on the role of social media in initiating and further propagating hatred among small groups to large communities. The electronic search was performed on Google Scholar and PubMed using terms like “Negative Emotions”, “Hate”, “Neurobiology of Hate”, ‘Hate and Social Media” etc. Conclusion: From a neurobiological perspective multiple brain areas are involved in hate. The experience of hate can take place at a self, interpersonal and intergroup level.
MPhil CP (2019-21) – Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand.
MPhil CP (2019-21) – Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand.
Assistant Professor – Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand.
Muhammed Sadik T. M.
Tutor – Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.7
Child Sexual Abuse in the Virtual Space: A Case Study Analysis
By: Ashapurna Das , Mahalakshmi Rajagopal
Page No : 351-359
Recurring child sexual abuse (CSA) is a globally shared concern. Millions of children have been victims to such acts and continue to be so in silence. Where often physical abuse goes unrecognized and is under-reported, we can only imagine how other forms of CSA are taking place. This has even translated to the virtual world as children shift to the online mode of education during the pandemic. Hiding behind the screen, abusers have found new ways of preying on minors. Such is seen in the recent case of a PSBB teacher being detained for his inappropriate behavior on zoom. While abusers are seen to be misusing the accessibility of the internet, children also now have earlier access to electronic devices and the internet. Such an exposure has also seen to be misused, as seen in the infamous case of the Bois Locker Room. Considering these two events where CSA took place on the virtual space, the very virtual space is questioned in this paper regarding its safety, accessibility and misuse. With this paper, we also propose a revised perspective of looking at CSA in the time of the pandemic. This is done by identifying the perils, causes, and impact of online CSA. Upon identifying these, interventions to reduce such incidents are laid down in this study.
Postgraduate Student – Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai.
Sahayam Charitable Trust, New Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.8
Digital Intervention Challenges in Managing Type 2 Diabetes
By: Pavithra Parthasarathy , Pooja Varma
Page No : 361-368
Diabetes is a chronic illness and management requires consistent effort. The prevalence of diabetes in India is estimated to reach 80 million by 2030. It becomes essential for a proactive approach to identifying symptoms along with the psychological causal factors. Psychological interventions have been shown to aid in the management of diabetes. Voluntary participation leads to challenges of refusal to participate. This paper aims to understand the common reasons for nonparticipation in a digital intervention among patients with type 2 diabetes. It was identified that knowledge and altruistic benefits of participation in research need to be highlighted in our society.
Research Scholar – Department of Psychology, Jain (Deemed-to be university), Bengaluru, India.
Head of the Department – Department of Psychology, Jain (Deemed-to be university), Bengaluru, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.9
Loneliness: An Obstacle in Quality Life of Elderly
By: Diksha Kapur
Page No : 369-379
This paper makes an effort to comprehend how loneliness affects quality of life and other psychological restraints. Many elders face new challenges in this period and do not have access to their supportive resources as correctly as the past. For the purpose of the same, the data was collected from elderly aged 61-65 years from New Delhi. The tools used for this paper include Revised UCLA Loneliness scale (Russell, 1980), The Symptom Checklist-90-R (Dergotis, 1970) and Older People’s Quality of Life (Bowling, 2007, 2009, 2010). The results were further interpreted by using the pearson correlation. It can be concluded that loneliness creates depression, which further contributes to poor quality of life.
PhD. Research Scholar – Punjabi University, Patiala, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.10
Mindfulness-based Interventions for Weight Loss: A Review of Literature
By: Nighat , Thangbiakching
Page No : 381-392
The present paper is a review of scientific research on Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and their applicability to weight loss programs. Obesity, the presence of excess fat in a body, has been growing exponentially over the past few decades which is the focus here in the paper. Traditionally, weight loss treatments are geared towards changing eating habits, diets, and increasing physical exercise. MBIs have recently risen to fame as an alternative to these standard weight losses programs. In this review, we aim to understand the effectiveness of the MBI on obesity-related weight loss. Multiple studies point to the benefits of using MBIs as a treatment for weight loss. At the same time, some studies question the effect of MBIs alone as a weight-loss strategy. Moreover, it was also found that these interventions (MBIs) were highly effective as short-term treatments but their longterm ability to maintain weight loss is not explored.
Student – Department of Psychology, Aryabhatta College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Aryabhatta College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.11
Parenting During the Pandemic: Exploring the Effect of Child(ren)’s Grade/Class on Parental Stress During the Pandemic
By: Ashapurna Das , Radhika Rana
Page No : 393-401
The repercussions of the pandemic cannot only be counted globally or nationally, but it has affected families in countless ways. It has blurred the lines that separate our homes from our work or educational spaces. One of the most vulnerable relationships that has been affected is the parent-child relationship. Parenting in the time of pandemic is more than what it is used to be. Parents are now not only a child’s caretakers but also their teachers and in some cases, their only social circle. The reduced experience of online classes have resulted in increased demands from the parents. As children get promoted to a higher grade, it is natural to expect these demands to increase. This research studied the effect of grade/class of child(ren) on parental stress during the pandemic. With a sample size of 100 participants (N=100), the data was collected through the online mode using the purposive sampling technique. The Practical Parental Scale by Berry and Jones (1995) was used to understand the levels of parental stress. Through a quantitative lens, it was found that there is a significant difference in effect of grade/ class of child(ren) on parental stress during the pandemic. The results can help understand parental stress as education shifts to the online mode. It can help discover ways in which associated institutions such as educational institutions and the parent’s workplace can help in fostering a better parent child relationship and eventually reducing the stress that parents have to endure.
Postgraduate Student– Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar.
Postgraduate Student – Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.12
Parenting Style: Does it affect Adolescents’ Social and Adaptive Functioning?
By: J Parameswari , K Haima
Page No : 403-413
This study analyzed the effect of parenting style on the social and adaptive functioning (SAF) of adolescents. The parenting style scale; and child and adolescent social and adaptive functioning scale were used for collecting data. A significant positive correlation (N=279) between parenting style and SAF was found. Regression analysis showed that 21% of the variance in SAF is due to parenting style. The difference in some SAF dimensions based on gender and adolescence stage is reported. Parents act as a catalyst in adolescents’ adaptation issues. Particularly how actively fathers respond to the adolescents has a significant influence on adolescents’ SAF.
Assistant Professor of Psychology – Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu.
M.Sc. Student – Department of Psychology, Periyar University, Tamil Nadu.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.13
Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Self-actualization in the Geriatric Population
By: Anmol Chaudhari , Moubita Deka , Athira S , Soumita Saha , G. S. Shylashree
Page No : 415-426
The present study aims to understand the hierarchy of needs in the older population and to understand the life satisfaction level of the elderly population and correlate it with self-actualization. The process is based on the method of paired comparisons by the Life Satisfaction Scale (LSS) by Promila Singh and George Joseph (1996) and the Short Index of Self-actualization (SISA) by Crandall‚ R.‚ & Jones‚ A. (1991). The two questionnaires are administered to 62 people of the older population from the Indian sub-continent. The conclusion shows very low impact of self-actualization on life satisfaction levels.
Student – Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
Student – Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
Student – Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
Student – Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
G. S. Shylashree
Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.14
Same or Different? An Exploratory Analysis of Generation Y and Generation Z
By: Vinod Melarkode , Pooja Thakur
Page No : 427-438
This study explored career aspirations, work-engagement, and job satisfaction in a sample of 100 IT professionals in India belonging to generation Y(50) and generation Z(50). While the data revealed no significant differences between the generational cohorts in terms of career aspirations, work engagement, and job satisfaction, differences were found at subscale levels of promotion, fringe benefits and vigour. Correlational analysis showed that there was a significant and positive relationship between career aspirations and work engagement in case of generation Y, but not for generation Z. Results also revealed a positive relationship between work engagement and job satisfaction, for the overall sample.
PhD in Organizational Psychology – Panjab University, Chandigarh.
Business & HR leader, facilitator, and coach with a passion to enable technically strong leaders and managers realize their full potential. He is a people leader with a proven track record of leading technology, products, project deliveries, agile processes, and professional services.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.15
Criminal Behaviour: Role of Intelligence, Family Relationships and Society
By: Ruchi Dubey Chaturvedi , Aanya Consul , Aditi Gursahani , Namita Nair
Page No : 439-449
This research aims to understand the factors which predispose people to commit criminal acts. The focus is on exploring familial factors, societal factors, and individual factors like intelligence, in relation to criminal behaviour. Qualitative Analysis involving Case Study method which was used by using a semi-structured, open-ended interview schedule. Raven’s Progressive Matrices, a culture free IQ test, was used to assess participant’s intelligence. The sample comprised of five Indian adults (four males and one female), age range between 20-50 years. The participants were serving jail terms, convicted for different criminal acts. The analysis of the results led to the emergence of some common themes involving participant’s dysfunctional family relationships and early socialisation process, adverse life experiences with inadequate resources, anti-social role models, vicarious learning with poor judgements and neighbourhood where criminal acts were rampant. They felt that they were facing wrongful detention and desired living lives with high moral and religious values. Further, the participant’s intelligence was lower than average.
Ruchi Dubey Chaturvedi
Vice Principal & Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, Jai Hind College (Autonomous), Mumbai, India.
TYBA Psychology Students, Batch 2021-22 – Department of Psychology, Jai Hind College (Autonomous), Mumbai, India.
TYBA Psychology Students, Batch 2021-22 – Department of Psychology, Jai Hind College (Autonomous), Mumbai, India.
TYBA Psychology Students, Batch 2021-22 – Department of Psychology, Jai Hind College (Autonomous), Mumbai, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.16
What Medium of Mental Health Services do Clients Prefer – Online or Offline?
By: Simran Sharma , Archana Bahuguna
Page No : 451-466
In recent times, online counselling is being considered a cost-effective alternative to traditional face-to-face counseling especially helpful for those who are in remote areas and have no access to such services. With this study, the authors have made an effort to understand the participants’ attitudes towards mental health services and their preference between online and face-to-face counseling. A survey is conducted with 203 users from age groups 16-40 years in India using Dr. Joseph Hammer’s Mental Health Seeking Attitude Scale and Aaron Rochlen’s online and face-to-face counseling attitudes scale. With the help of several statistical tools, it is found that a majority of the participants have an inclination toward online counseling and find it healthier, useful, and empowering as compared to face-to-face counseling. Based on these results, it seems like online counseling is more convenient for the participants and it seems to bridge the gap between practitioners and the people in need of mental health services.
MSc Psychology (Clinical) – CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Delhi NCR, India.
MS Electrical and Computer Engineering, Nanotechnology – Pahoti Wellness, Delhi, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.17
Exploring Adolescents’ Mental Health, Strengths, Weaknesses and Wishes
By: Swati Patra , Sunita Devi
Page No : 467-475
Adolescents’ mental health and self-awareness (perceptions about their strengths, weaknesses and wishes) was explored in the present study. The sample included 495 students (9th-12th classes) from a private school (Delhi NCR). Quantitative (MHC-SF) and qualitative (self-report) methods were used. Results suggested poor mental health in senior secondary than secondary students. Both groups consider personality/qualities as their strengths and weaknesses rather than physical attributes or skills and relational. Both groups reported higher personal wishes than relational, and social. Educationists and parents should strategize to improve adolescents’ mental health and help them to aspire not only for self but society as well.
Assistant Professor – SLAHS, AURO University, Surat.
Professor – Discipline of Psychology, SOSS, IGNOU, New Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.18
Study on the Relationship between Social Anxiety and Substance Use
By: G. S. Shylashree , Subadra Anand , Yusra Z Sait
Page No : 477-486
Social anxiety becomes one of the main obstacles for undergraduate students, in social interactions and situations. This study aimed to determine a correlation between anxiety experienced due to socializing and alcohol intake amongst undergraduate students, male and female, in India. The study involves 98 undergraduate students, between the age ranges of 17-23 years. The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS), developed by Mattick and Clarke in 1998 and the measurement of alcohol intake was done using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), developed by the World Health Organization (WHO). The relationship between the two variables showed that one did not influence the other.
G. S. Shylashree
Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
Yusra Z Sait
Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Bangalore.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.19
Psychologist in Action for New Education Policy, 2020
By: Garima Singh , Anubhuti Dubey
Page No : 487-495
Education is fundamental for attaining human potentialities and promoting country’s resources for the welfare of individual and society. Quality education is the best way to maintain economic growth, social justice, coordination, cultural conservation, and national consolidation. Thus, the 21st century with rapid changes, also witnesses the New Education Policy (NEP), 2020 focusing to modify the education structure to establish a new education system, appropriate to attain all the purposes of global education development. A psychologist as a consultant, researcher, counsellor and in many other roles can help in implementing the NEP towards better academic reformation. The present paper aims to analyse such roles and also to connect the content and theories of psychology to the NEP.
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, St Joseph’s College for Women, Gorakhpur University, Uttar Pradesh.
Professor – Department of Psychology, Deen Dayal Upadhyay, Gorakhpur University, Uttar Pradesh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.20
The Effect of Sleep Quality and Perceived Stress on the Quality of Life in University Students due to COVID 19 Related Restrictions
By: Ishita Karmakar , Bhhavya Gahlaut
Page No : 497-504
The aim of the research was to examine the effect of Sleep Quality and Perceived Stress on Quality of Life in university students due to Covid-19 related restrictions and disruptions in education. The sample comprised of 130 university students. The data were collected using qualitative and quantitative methods. The results from content analysis highlighted three major themes – perceived stress, sleep quality and quality of life which were severely affected in students’ life during pandemic. Based on the identified themes, data were further collected using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Perceived Stress Scale and WHO Quality of Life Scale-short version. Obtained data were treated with descriptive statistics, intercorrelations and regression analysis. The results of multiple regression indicated that both perceived stress and sleep quality significantly affected the quality of life of university students during Covid-19 pandemic.
M.Sc. Clinical Psychology, National Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar, India.
School of Behavioral Science, National Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.21
Mental Dispositions of Tribal Pregnant Women of Tripura
By: Anjana Bhattacharjee
Page No : 505-512
The present study was aimed to examine prevalence of depression among tribal pregnant women of Tripura. It was also attempted to ascertain their self-concept, depression and quality of marital life and to compare 1st and 3rd trimester pregnant women with respect to their mental dispositions. The sample was consisted of 200 tribal pregnant women and they were selected purposively from different hospitals and private chambers of gynaecologists. Findings revealed that 17% pregnant women had moderate to severe level of depression. Pregnant women of 1st trimester reported more depression, lower level of self-concept and marital quality of life than their counterparts.
Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, Tripura University, Tripura.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2022.17.02.22
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Jan-2021 to Jun-2021
Patterns of Internet Usage with Indian College Students: A Comparative Study
By: Nina B. Eduljee , Safna Dadina , Karen Croteau , Laurie Murphy
Page No : 1-15
This comparative study examined patterns of internet usage with Indian college students in two studies to determine changes in internet usage over a five-year period. Study 1 was conducted in 2014-2015 (n = 323) and Study 2 was conducted in 2019-2020 (n = 319). In both studies, students completed a 26-item survey regarding technology ownership; internet skills, experience, access, and knowledge; purposes for browsing the internet; extent of usage; and barriers to using the internet. The results indicated that in both studies over 95% of students were internet users. Statistically significant differences were obtained for having an internet connection at home, an internet connection in the surrounding area, attending a computer training course, going to the internet to pass time when bored, internet experience, time spent on the internet, and extent of internet use.
Dr. Nina B. Eduljee
Professor – Department of Psychology, Saint Joseph’s College of Maine, 461 Alfond Hall Standish, ME 04084, USA.
Student – Department of Human Development, SNDT Women’s University, Juhu Road, Daulat Nagar, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400049, India
Dr. Karen Croteau
Professor – Department of Sport & Exercise Science, Saint Joseph’s College of Maine, 422, Alfond Hall, Standish, ME 04084, USA.
Professor Laurie Murphy
Associate Professor – Department of Business, Saint Joseph’s College of Maine, 422, Alfond Hall, Standish, ME 04084, USA
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.1
Impact of TV Program Cartoon on Child Viewers of Urban and Rural areas.
By: Piyaly De
Page No : 17-25
Television influences society immensely since its inception. The aim of this investigation is to study the impact of TV program cartoon on child viewers of urban and rural areas. A group of 200 (100 from each area) child viewers of 8-12 years were selected as subject. A General Information Schedule, Perceived TV Program Cartoon Questionnaire and Need fulfillment questionnaire were administered to them. The findings revealed that the urban viewers (male and female) prefer to watch cartoon more than the rural viewers. TV helps them to learn different aspects like languages, team working, increases general knowledge etc. Besides this, female child viewers irrespective of areas (urban and rural) are keener to watch cartoon than male child viewers. Investigation also revealed that children of the nuclear families have expressed more eagerness towards TV program cartoon than the children of joint families as TV is their best friend in the time of loneliness.
Dr. Piyaly De
Teacher, – Department of Psychology, S.A. Jaipuria College, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.2
A Study on Work Stress Among Nurses
By: Swapna Cherian
Page No : 27-35
Day to day nursing is full of potential physical stressors, including frequent lifting and bending, changeable shifts or rosters, noisy work environments, and long hours. Experts have long considered workplace stress an occupational hazard. According to the American Holistic Nurses’ Association, nurses are experiencing workplace stress at higher rates than most other professions. These stressors include physical demands, management issues, lack of resources, and difficulty balancing home and work responsibilities.
This study investigated nurses’ work stress in different hospitals of Kanjirapally taluk, Kerala, India. This descriptive study was conducted from April to June 2020 and involved 60 nurses who had worked more than six months in four private hospitals. The work Place Stress Scale was used to evaluate occupational stress. Multinomial Logistic Regression Analysis was performed to investigate the levels of work stress among these participants.
The results of the study revealed that there are 50% of nurses are having moderate, 26.67% have mild and 15% have severe work stress In general, this study can conclude that prevalence of work stress is high among nurses.
Many nurses don’t realize that they have work stress and the real cause of their physical and mental distress is their work stress and related insomnia. A proper understanding of the level of their work stress will help them to find out suitable coping strategies. The result of this particular study help them to realize the cause and find out different techniques of solution.
Research scholar – Martin Luther Christian University, 2020.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.3
Effect of Memory on Quality of Life: Comparative Study among Various Psychiatric Patients Profiles
By: Shivangi Agrawal
Page No : 37-45
As Individuals with mental health disorder often experience diminished quality of life. Although the chronic phase of any neurotic and psychotic disorder is characterized by illness progression and patients encountering difficulties to return to premorbid level of functioning is one of the most recognized predictors of poor Quality of life and impairments in verbal memory and executive functioning have also been identified as risk factors independent of other biological and psychosocial factors. In this study investigator compared patients through psychiatric diagnostic groups based on disorders with Psychotic and neurotic illness in order to assess effect of memory on quality of life by using standardized scales. A total of 60 outpatients age range 20 years to 45 years were selected through convenience based purposive sampling which were divided into two groups on the bases of neurotic and psychotic symptoms 30 in each group participated in the study. Differences in overall quality of life profile and in dysfunctional cognitive mechanisms as well as the effect of psychosis on cognitive functioning were explored using standardized scales (WHOQOL-BREF and PGI memory scale). Results indicated pronounced deficit in memory and abstract reasoning associated with schizophrenic illness with progressive dysfunction associated with the severity and chronicity of the illness. Implications of findings in aiding diagnostic fortitude patient management and rehabilitation are conferred.
Student, (Masters in clinical psychology) – Amity University Gurugram
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.4
The Relationship of Emotional Reactivity with Health Locus of Control
By: Raunak Mehta , Mini Narayanan
Page No : 47-57
Emotional reactivity was conceptualized as a problematic reaction to events and emotional dysregulation in individuals. Heightened emotional reactivity was positively associated with poor differentiation of self and poor mental health indicators like maladjustment, psychological stress and depression. However, the present study looks at both positive and negative aspects of emotional reactivity to find associations between emotional reactivity and health locus of control. Using a correlational design and drawing upon a sample of 170 university students (N=170; M=85, F=85) between the ages of 18-25 years, the study used the Perth Emotional Reactivity Scale and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale. The data was analyzed using a correlation and regression analysis. Results show that positive emotional reactivity positively correlates and also predicts internal health locus of control. The study also found that negative emotional reactivity positively correlates with, and predicts chance and powerful others health locus of control. Findings bear significance in the context of the novel coronavirus to improve adherence to health promoting behaviors like social distancing, wearing masks and handwashing. The study also throws light on the role of psychologists in psycho educating the masses about the virus and in designing intervention programs to improve health behaviors and adherence of people.
Masters in Clinical psychology, – Amity University, Mumbai.
M.A. in Psychology, Assistant professor– Amity University, Mumbai.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.5
Exploring COVID-19-related Distress: A Mixed Methods Approach
By: Sadhana Natu , Adwaita Deshmukh , Ishitta Shinde , Apurva Sapkal , Nashome Crasto
Page No : 59-66
In this study, a screening tool and an extensive assessment were constructed to measure COVID-19-induced distress. Both tools showed high internal consistency. The screening tool was made to categorize respondents as having effective coping or maladaptive coping. 47.28% respondents who showed maladaptive coping were sent the extensive assessment. Out of these, 95 were further categorized as having moderate distress (49.47%) and severe distress (50.52%). Select narratives from the top scorers helped understand coping strategies and narratives from respondents showing severe distress provided insight into maladaptive coping. Scores and helpful self-care suggestions were communicated to respective respondents. The sample consisted mostly of upper-middle class respondents, however, secondary data allowed us to juxtapose our findings against the travails of marginalized sections.
Dr. Sadhana Natu
Associate Professor and Head – Dept of Psychology, Modern College, Ganeshkhind, Pune 4110016.
Assistant Professor – Dept of Psychology, Modern College, Ganeshkhind, Pune 4110016.
Phd. Student – Savitribai Phule Pune University under the guidance of Dr. Sadhana Natu.
MA Student, Dept of Psychology – Modern College, Ganeshkhind, Pune 4110016. Apurva Sapkal, MA Student, – Dept of Psychology, Modern College, Ganeshkhind, Pune 4110016
MA Student, – Dept of Psychology, Modern College, Ganeshkhind, Pune 4110016
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.6
Mental Health Issue and Dissociative Symptoms among Undergraduate Medical Students: Across the Gender
By: Sushma Rathee , Pradeep Kumar
Page No : 67-74
Mental health problems are common among students in higher education in all over the world. Dissociation is known as an “experience of disconnection or lack of continuity” between thoughts, memories, surroundings, actions and identity Aim of the present study was to assess the gender differences on mental health issue and dissociative symptoms among undergraduate medical students. One Hundred undergraduate medical students selected purposively from the university campus of PD BD Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana and applied General Health Questionnaire 12 and Dissociative Experience Scale-II. Female undergraduate students were found worse psychological well -being compare to the male students, while dissociative experiences were found significant high among male in the area of amnesia and depersonalization.
Consultant, Psychiatric Social Work – State Institute of Mental Health, PT., B. D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana
Assistant Clinical Psychologist – PGIMER Chandigarh
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.7
The Role of Perfectionism on Self Regulation and Defensive Pessimism at Workplace
By: Nilesh Thakre , Sneha Sebastian
Page No : 75-84
This study intends to examine the perfectionism and its effects on self-regulation and defensive pessimism and association between self-regulation and defensive pessimism. The participants of the study consist of 120 men and women employees working in the private organization within the age range of 25 to 45 years, belongs to Mumbai and its suburbs. They were evaluated by using, the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (Slaney et al., 2001), the Self-Regulation Questionnaire (Brown, Miller, & Lawendowski, 1999) and the Defensive Pessimism Questionnaire (Norem, 2001). The data were analysed by independent sample t-test and coefficients of correlation. The result of the study shows that the employees with higher adaptive perfectionism are higher on self-regulation t = 30.84 (P < 0.01) and the employees scoring high on maladaptive perfectionism are higher on defensive pessimism t = 38.41 (P < 0.01). The correlation analysis shows the significant positive correlation between selfregulation and defensive pessimism, r = .17, p < .05. The results revealed that adaptive perfectionists employees are able to develop, implement, and flexibly maintain planned behaviour for goal achievement.
Dr. Nilesh Thakre
Associate Professor – University Department of Psychology, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai
Ms. Sneha Sebastian
Employee Psychologist – Silver Oak Health, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.8
Internet Usage Among Adolescents
By: Manjiri Gokhale , Kavitagauri Joshi
Page No : 85-93
The internet is an integral part of the lives of millennials. While its utility is undisputed (for work, entertainment, communication, information and socialization) there is a growing concern about its excessive use among adolescents, sometimes leading to internet addiction. This study explores the trends of internet use among urban Indian adolescents from the nonclinical population.
An observational study of 594 students in the age group of 14 to 18 years from the city of Thane (Maharashtra, India) was conducted over a span of three years. Students were assessed using The Internet Addiction Test (IAT). Subjects were classified based on their scores into four categories (ranging from Normal Usage to Severe Addiction). Scores were compared over three years to understand the pattern of internet use, see if there is any change in the pattern of usage over time and whether any gender differences or age differences exist.
Majority of the students (48%) fall in the ‘Mild Addiction’ range. There is a drop in the number of students showing ‘Normal Use’ of the internet, from 21% in 2016 to 9% in 2018. There is a substantial rise in the number of students showing mild addiction to internet from 35% in 2016 to 56% in 2018.
No Gender Differences are found in the pattern of internet usage.
No Age differences in terms of school-going versus college-going students are found in the pattern of internet usage.
This calls for designing of timely intervention so that adolescents do not get addicted to the internet.
Institute for Psychological Health, Thane
Institute for Psychological Health, Thane
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.9
HSE Professionals Review the Contribution of Civil Society toward Industrial Safety Culture
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 95-104
It was the first time ever during the Covid-19 period that the civil society groups participated so actively for their health and safety concerns all over the countries, and the civil society is now emerging stronger year-on-year to represent on worldly issues. This article attempts to explore the civil societies’ contributions towards building the safety cultures of industries, and how it may help achieving a safe place to live and work. The journey from a civil society mindset to an industrial culture poses challenges of change and its implementation. This article brings forth the positive dynamics between the safety mindsets of civil societies and industries, and a possibility of better relationship between businesses and civil society.
Professor of Psychology (Retd.) – SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai; Director - Forum of Behavioural Safety.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.10
Social Engagement of Women Self-Immolation Attempt Survivors in India: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
By: Ashwini Nataraja Vanishree
Page No : 105-125
Self-Immolation refers to the act of burning oneself, and is considered a fatal method of suicide. The study aimed to explore the lived experiences of women SelfImmolation Attempt Survivors (SIAS) during their social engagements in the Indian context. The study explored both women SIAS’ feelings, attitudes, and behaviours, and those of others during social engagement. The study used semi-structured interview method to collect data from seven women SIAS in the long-term rehabilitation phase of recovery. All the women SIAS lived in Karnataka, a Southern State of India when self-immolation occurred, and stayed there even after the hospitalization for burns recovery. Data was collected in the language of Kannada, the native language of Karnataka. Interviews were audio-recorded with consent from women SIAS. Interviews were first transcribed in Kannada, and later translated to English. The data was subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. The accounts of seven women Self-Immolation Attempt Survivors (SIAS) clustered around the following six super-ordinate themes with several sub-ordinate themes: Self-Isolation; Unpleasant feelings experienced by SIAS due to others’ behaviour; Prejudice and discrimination towards SIAS; Unhelpful behaviours of others towards SIAS; Healthy coping mechanisms adopted by SIAS; Social acceptance of SIAS. Implications of the study are discussed as well.
Ashwini Nataraja Vanishree
PhD Scholar, Department of Psychology – Founder-Director, MUKTHA Foundation, Organization Committed to Prevent Abuse by Promoting Mental Health.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.11
Impact of Technology on Various Aspects of Human Life During Covid-19 Pandemic: A Survey
By: Subodh Kumar , Tara Singh , Divye Kartikey
Page No : 127-142
Abstract:The present study was conducted to examine the impact of technology on different aspects of human life during the covid-19 pandemic. Data from 212 people were collected using a survey. Majority of participants were males 59.4%, unmarried 64.2%, within the age group (21-29) 44.8%, post graduate 42.9% and students 40.6%. The results showed that there was a drastic increase in screen time during the pandemic. Further, the participants found technology useful in connecting with people and in maintaining their physical and mental well-being, but their relations were affected due to excessive use of technology. Participants had also found technology useful in continuing work or studies from online mode and in keeping skills up to date. This study has helped us understand how technology is affecting our life, when we ourselves are under the constraints put on by the pandemic like uncertainty, social distancing, lockdowns and living under the confinements of home.
Research Scholar – Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Student, MA-Clinical Psychology – Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, India.
Professor – Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.12
Psychoticism and Mental Health
By: Uma Gupta , Manish Kumar Singh
Page No : 143-151
The objective of the study was to assess the mental health status of male postgraduate students having varied positions on the scale of psychoticism (P). The revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, EPQ-R, was initially administered to 200 postgraduate students. On the basis of their scores on the psychoticism scale they were selected as participants and categorized into two groups: high P scorers and low P scorers. The criteria for grouping was the mean ± 1 SD of the psychoticism scores. Both the groups were administered tests of stress, anxiety and depression. The comparison of the scores revealed that the high P scorers compared to the low P scorers had higher levels of stress, anxiety and depression.
Further scrutiny of high P scorers revealed that 20 percent postgraduate students were in the “borderline clinical depression” category and 3.33 percent in the “moderate depression” category; for low P scorers, 10 per cent postgraduate students were found in the “borderline clinical depression” category. It is an alarming finding and needs to be taken seriously.
Manish Kumar Singh
Ph.D. Scholar – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India 221005.
Professor – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India 221005.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.13
Self-esteem and Anxiety among University Students: Comparison between Public versus Private University in Bangladesh
By: Asoke Kumar Saha , Abu Zahid Mohammad Rubel , Arunavo Bairagi , Noor Muhammad , Rajesh Kumar Tiwari
Page No : 153-162
The purpose of the study was to investigate the level of self-esteem and anxiety among university students. 100 students, aged between 18-26 years old (M=23.25; SD=5.16) were the participants of the study, they were from Public University and Private University in Bangladesh. The objectives of the study were to investigate whether the self-esteem of students varies according to gender and the institution, to see whether the anxiety of University students varies according to gender and institution, and to find out whether there is any relation between self-esteem and anxiety among university students. The measures used included the Anxiety Scale developed by Deeba and Begum (2004) and the Bangla versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used. It was found that self-esteem and anxiety were significantly correlated (r=-.32, p <.01). It was also found that anxiety scores of females were higher than males and anxiety score of a public university was higher than private university (t= -3.015, p <.05). The results of self-esteem and anxiety among university students between public and private universities were discussed in the context of Bangladesh.
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Asoke Kumar Saha
Professor – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Bangladesh.
Professor – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Bangladesh.
Rajesh Kumar Tiwari
Assistant Professor & Head – Department of Psychology, T.N.B College, Bhagalpur University, India.
Abu Zahid Mohammad Rubel
Ex-MS Student – Department of Psychology, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.14
Analytical and Gestalt Perspectives: Crux of effective Storytelling and Visual
By: Sonal Paliwal
Page No : 163-169
Creativity not just enables us to solve problems but also helps us find new ways to move ahead by satisfying the exploration and curiosity needs that can help us survive. Media, marketing, and business professionals make use of storytelling and visuals to attract customers and bring change in their thinking. This narrative elaborates on data visualization and data journalism as the tools of storytelling and explains the importance of psychological perspectives namely, analytical and gestalt to understand human perception, cognition, universal patterns and symbols. It also describes how policy makers and program designers can make use of these tools for the benefit of society.
Dr. Sonal Paliwal
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Hislop College, Nagpur-440001
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.15
Gender Differences in Self-Presentation Tactics among Urban Youth of Kolkata City
By: Sweta Saraff , Malabika Tripathi
Page No : 171-178
Self-Presentation impacts the personality as well as social cognition of an individual. This paper discusses various self-presentation tactics that an individual utilizes to present themselves accordingly in front of others. The present paper explores selfpresentation tactics among urban youth to see how each of the dimensions differ among male and female. The participants are college students (N=60), within an age range of 18-25, including 30 males and 30 females. The Self-Presentation Tactic Scale (Lee et al.,1999) was administered to measure the dimensions of selfpresentation. The study findings revealed significant differences among males and females in each of the dimensions of the Self-Presentation Tactic Scale. Results suggest that male use more tactics to impress others in comparison to females. The result table reflects that the t stat values for excuse (10.15), justification (11.53), disclaimer (9.51), self-handicapping (11.69), apology (8.85), ingratiation (5.00), intimidation (8.96), supplication (9.59), entitlement (10.47), enhancement (10.54), blasting (11.21) and exemplification (13.05) respectively, are greater than the t critical two-tail. Thus, self-presentation and its multitude dimensionality provide an indepth understanding of gender differences in attitude and consequent behaviours.
Ph.D. Assistant Professor – Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata.
Ph.D., Assistant Professor – Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.16
Developing a Framework for the Informal Training/ Learning for Retail Store Employees
By: Sunanda Kaila
Page No : 179-197
Providing a stellar customer service has become more important than ever before. Covid-19 has reshaped Consumer behaviour and their needs, and digitalization has accelerated the change. When shopping and browsing is just at the tip of your fingers, where does it leave the brick and mortal stores? The pandemic has struck the hardest on the Retail industry. To cut costs, many brands have restricted their marketing, training budgets, where as many had to let go of their employees. With resources at a shrink, it’s tricky to provide that stellar customer service that consumers expect. This paper aims to develop a framework on informal training for the retails frontline employees, from the existing resources that a retail brand has, that is the customer service experience of the frontline employees. To develop the framework this paper aims to review the present literature on informal training/ learning. Also, a survey is done on ninety frontend retail employees to understand their learning and development process (formal and informal training). The survey further evaluates how their experience in customers service can be leveraged in a structured learning process for their colleagues. Throughout this paper, we use ‘retail’ to refer to sales made across chains (multi-national, national and regional) and independents, in all physical format stores (e.g., exclusive brand outlets, multiple brand outlets and department stores).
“Sunanda Kaila is a Marketing Researcher and Trainer in Retail and Fashion sector and Founder of the blog “The Gentleman’s Style”. Her areas of expertise are in Retail sales & digital marketing and Customer relationship management backed by, profound by her work experience in companies like Raymond Apparel Limited and Aditya Birla fashion and retail limited. She has a Master’s degree in Fashion Business Management from the University of Westminster, UK, and a PG Certificate in Digital Marketing from MICA.”
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.17
Intelligence Tests for Different Age Groups and Intellectual Disability: A Brief Overview
By: Subodh Kumar , Tara Singh , Divye Kartikey
Page No : 199-209
From an evolutionary point of view the one factor that helped humanity thrive and survive against all odds was the human’s ability to use their intelligence. Intelligence is what makes us unique among all the species in the world. The aim of this review paper was to discuss the role of intelligence tests in measuring intelligence of different age groups and diagnosing intellectual disability. The reviewed papers have revealed that measuring intelligence is not a construct that can only be measured for grown ups but it can also be measured for newborns. Although IQ tests are used prominently in judging school performance, job performance, intellectual disability and overall well-being, its measurement gets affected by emotions, genetics, cultural background and environmental factors. To improve the validity or accuracy of intelligence tests it is important to incorporate these factors.
Research Scholar – Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Student, MA-Clinical Psychology – Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, India.
Professor – Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.01.18
By: No author
Page No : 211-213
Jul-2021 to Dec-2021
COVID-19 Psychological Impact among Employees in India’s Corporate Sector
By: Anil Kalaga , Richa Khanna
Page No : 213-221
This study explored employee stress, coping mechanisms and perceived organizational support as they navigated the unique context of work from home (WFH) during the COVID-19 pandemic in India (N = 158). Stress overload for corporate employees was found to be higher than the general population. Most respondents reported utilizing helpful coping strategies to manage their stress.Majority respondents reported feeling supported by their organizations during this pandemic, however they expected more informal contact from their reporting managers at this time. Recommendations for organizations including attunement to employees’ psychological needs, and investment in professional counseling services, have been discussed.
Counseling Psychologist, Ph.D. Assistant Professor – Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Group Head (L&OD) – Adani Enterprises Limited, Ahmedabad 382421, Gujarat.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.1
Navigating an Unpredictable Journey: A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study of the Experiences of Dementia Caregivers
By: Suzanne Parkman
Page No : 223-237
With the increasing incidence of dementia globally, the proliferation of older adults has placed strains on the formal healthcare system to the point that many persons with dementia are cared for at home by informal caregivers. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences of informal caregivers, based on a constructivist Grounded Theory methodology, exploring the research question: How do dementia caregivers perceive their experience and the effect it has on their quality of life? Indepth interviews were conducted with six informal caregivers. Participant perspectives of dementia caregiving revealed the themes of: Isolation; Loss of control; Collapsed future; Grieving; and Keeping it together. The findings from this study provide insight into the individual experiences of dementia caregivers. It is a beginning step to building a therapeutic model of caregiver support to prevent burnout, feelings of hopelessness, and perception of captivity in the caregiver role.
PhD, R.N., CNE, Assistant Professor of Nursing – University of Southern Maine, 96 Falmouth St, Portland, ME 04103
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.2
Psychological Impact and its Coping in COVID-19 Pandemic: A Study Across India
By: Akash Kumar Mahato , Susmita Halder , Shinjini Samajdar , Shreya Manot , Surabhi Ghosh
Page No : 239-247
The highly infectious nature of the COVID-19 and absence of definite cure at present has impacted people worldwide. Whether infected or not, it serves a challenge to the psychological resilience of all individuals. The study attempted to explore the psychological perception and impact of COVID pandemic in general population from different Indian cities and their coping pattern. Total 625 adults of both sexes in the age range of 20-55 years from 21 cities of India were surveyed online using a customized, expert rated psychological impact and coping questionnaire. Perception of psychological impact of the pandemic and social isolation due to COVID-19 differed across different age groups, sex and occupation wise. The findings warrant addressing the mental health need of the population, especially the young adults to counter an expected wave of mental health issues in general public.
Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, St. Xavier’s University, Kolkata.
Akash Kumar Mahato
Associate Professor – Clinical Psychology, Amity University Kolkata.
Clinical Psychologist – Kolkata, India.
Clinical Psychologist – Kolkata, India.
Clinical Psychologist – Kolkata, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.3
Parental Self-efficacy, Family Factors and Life Satisfaction of Married Women
By: Swati Bapat , Vaishali Mardhekar
Page No : 249-256
The study examined relationship as well as differences on parental self-efficacy, family protective factors and life satisfaction of women with children in adolescent age. 106 married women (children aged 12 to 16 years) responded to perceived parenting self-efficacy scale, inventory of family protective factors and satisfaction with life scale. Results showed positive correlation between parental self-efficacy, family protective factors and life satisfaction. Comparative findings with respect to employment status (employed vs non employed women) and gender of the child (male child vs female child) showed that the groups did not differ on parental selfefficacy, family protective factors and life satisfaction.
Counsellor – D/8, Spring Flowers Society, Panchwati, Pashan Road, Pune 411008.
(Ph.D), Research Consultant – 880, 8th lane, Bhandarkar road, Pune 411004.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.4
Multiple Encounters and Work-life balance of Indian Working Women
By: Meera Shankar
Page No : 257-267
In spite of several efforts started by the Government of India, often women are victimized at home and work place. Purpose of the present study was to find out multiple issues that women have to encounter in form of various challenges and barriers, which create hurdle in work-life balance of Indian women. All together 502 women, working in different sectors, have participated in this study. Instruments were designed to measure the challenges of working women at work place. Data analysed using descriptive statistics, factor analysis, Pearson’s correlation, and SEM. Result of factor analysis revealed three major factors, related to issues and challenges encountered by working women in India. They were: glass ceiling, dual responsibilities, and gender discrimination. Frequency distribution has discovered that working women developed health related issues due to dual responsibilities.
Counsellor – D/8, Spring Flowers Society, Panchwati, Pashan Road, Pune 411008. Vaishali Mardhekar (Ph.D), Research Consultant – 880, 8th lane, Bhandarkar road, Pune 411004.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.5
COVID-19 Rapidly Revamps Consumer Behaviour: An Online Survey
By: Rekha , Hemlata Joshi
Page No : 269-277
The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic hit India a year ago, and the ensuing turmoil is putting the country’s economic and psychological resilience to the test. At least 1,366 million people in 29 states are said to be staying at home to avoid the pandemic. Meanwhile, the effect of COVID-19 on consumers and, as a result, the consumption community has received little attention. A micro-level study was established to assess the direct effect on household income, savings, and consumption behavior in order to quantify the socio-economic impact of the pandemic in particular. During a lockdown, consumer behaviour has abruptly shifted. This paper looked at how people’s behaviour changed during the COVID-19 crisis and afterward. The present research focuses primarily on the COVID-19 pandemic and how buyer buying behaviour has changed as a result of it. The findings indicate that it would cause a significant economic shock to the system.
Assistant Professor – Department of Economics, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.6
Fear of Missing Out and Personality among Smartphone Using College Students
By: Shilpa V , Leena S T
Page No : 279-286
The current study is conducted to investigate fear of missing out and personality among smartphone using college students. The study will be conducted in the degree students of age between 18-23 years. A purposive sampling method will be used to select within a range of 100 participants. Both males and females will be considered for the study. Fear of missing out scale, Big five personality inventory, and personal data sheet were used as the assessment tools in the present study. For analyzing data correlation analysis was used. The result shows that there is a relationship between fear of missing out and personality.
M Sc. Student – Department of Counselling Psychology, Loyola College of Social Sciences, Akkulam Road, Trivandrum 695017, Kerala.
Leena, S T
Faculty – Department of Counselling Psychology, Loyola College of Social Sciences, Sreekariyam, Trivandrum 695017, Kerala.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.7
Professional Quality of Life among Dentists in India
By: Supriti Balaji , K. Jayanthi Rani
Page No : 287-295
This study is a non-experimental, descriptive, correlational design to examine compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress among dental students and dental practitioners to determine if there is a significant relationship between the 3 variables. A purposive sample of 142 participants was taken comprising 86 females and 56 males. Professional Quality of Life Scale (2010) by Stamm was used to collect data. Results reveal a significant relationship between the 3 variables studied and significant difference between dental students and practitioners in levels of compassion satisfaction and secondary traumatic stress. Significant gender differences exist only in the compassion satisfaction dimension.
B.Sc. – Psychology graduate at Ethiraj College for Women, 43/44, Flat 3C, Chettinad Towers, 11th Avenue, Ashok Nagar, Chennai-600083, Tamil Nadu.
K. Jayanthi Rani
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Ethiraj College for Women, Madras Veterinary College Hostel, Gate 2, Jothi Venkatachalam Road, Vepery, Chennai-600007, Tamil Nadu.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.8
How does Coping Lead to Emotional Wellbeing and Ill-being? Youth’s Response to COVID-19 Pandemi
By: Pradnya Kulkarni , Meenakshi Gokhale
Page No : 297-306
Since March 2020, students have had to face various stressors due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which influenced their emotional wellbeing. The present research aims to understand the impact of coping strategies on experience of emotions. Participants of the study were 1,035 students from three streams (Arts, Science, and Commerce, UG & PG) from Maharashtra. Stepwise multiple regression was used to determine which coping strategies significantly predicted positive emotions as well as negative emotions. The study implies that during pandemic situations the use of adaptive coping strategies helps maintain positivity and regulation of negative emotions among youths.
Department of Psychology, Sir Parashurambhau College, Pune.
Department of Psychology, Sir Parashurambhau College, Pune
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.9
Effectiveness of Indian Lifestyle Practices in Managing the Effects of Home Confinement on School Going Children
By: Pratima Kaushik , Ashok Kumar Pandey
Page No : 307-320
The COVID-19 pandemic is hurting the overall well-being of children around the world. Long-term home confinement has led to suffering impacts on children. The present study examines the association between Indian lifestyle practices and home confinement’s psychological impact due to COVID-19 among children. From 18/5/ 2021 to 20/06/2021, an online survey was conducted using snowballing principles, and parents of 4-12 years old were invited to participate in the study through emails and text messages. A total of 144 responses from around ten states in the country and abroad participated in the study. Results showed that 50.7% of families follow the traditional Indian lifestyle and positively associate with children’s psychological health. The conclusion states that during the second phase of COVID- 19 in India, parents who reportedly followed Indian lifestyle practices had better psychological and emotional health in their children.
Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Jesus and Mary College, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110021, India.
Ashok Kumar Pandey
Ayurvedic Consultant – Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidhyalaya, Uttrakhand, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.10
Perceived Stress and Anxiety during Pandemic in Family Members
By: Susmita Halder , Dheeraj Dileep K , Kartikey Jarial
Page No : 321-326
COVID-19 has caused serious damage in mental health. Study aims to find out Anxiety and perceived stress during pandemic in family members with and without COVID-19 Patients. Sample consist of 100 family members from different regions of India in which 31 family members of COVID-19 infected patients treated in hospital, 34 treated in home and 35 not infected. To assess the level of anxiety and perceived stress COVID-19 Anxiety Scale (CAS) and Pandemic-Related Perceived Stress Scale of COVID-19 were used respectively. Findings indicate family members of COVID-19 infected patients treated in hospital have higher perceived stress than other families. Perceived stress is lower in family members patient treated in home than families with none infected family. In conclusion, level of stress in family members related to pandemic varies according to treatment mode of infected member which should be addressed.
Dheeraj Dileep K
M.Phil – Amity Institute of Behavioural Health & Allied Sciences, Amity University Kolkata.
M.Phil – AIBHAS - Amity Institute of Behavioural Health & Allied Sciences, Amity University Kolkata.
Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, St. Xavier’s University, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.11
Personality Correlates, Emotional Intelligence among Late Adolescents with Internet Addiction
By: Akash Singh Pawar , Ritu Sharma , S.Z.H. Zaidi , Anshuma Dubey , Swastik N. Sahoo , Tanmay Shende
Page No : 327-336
Total 30 undergraduates with moderate to severe internet addiction (IA) were selected through Young’s IAT. Catell’s 16PF and Pandey and Anand’s MSREIS-R were administered to assess personality correlates and emotional intelligence (EI). Participants with IA showed higher frequencies of PDs (29.6%) compared to those without IA (9.3%; p < .001). In males with IA, Cluster C PDs were more prevalent. Compared to participants who had IA only, lower rates of remission of IA were found among participants with IA and additional Cluster B PDs. Comorbidity of IA, PDs and EI must be considered in prevention and treatment.
Akash Singh Pawar
School of liberal arts, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar Gujarat, India.
School of liberal arts, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar Gujarat, India.
Amity institute of behavioural and Applied Sciences, Amity university, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Amity institute of behavioural and Applied Sciences, Amity university, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Swastik N. Sahoo
Amity institute of behavioural and Applied Sciences, Amity university, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Department of Psychology, Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.12
Public Safety Behaviours : Insights from COVID-19
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 337-350
India lost more than two hundred thousand human lives due to COVID-19. Could the behavioural safety practices have helped us from COVID-19 fatalities and also the worsening economy, and how would citizens participation help achieving this objective for future, are the critical questions that concern all of us as citizens for our contribution to creating a safe society by following just safe behaviours. Based on interactions with 252 HSE professionals from diverse backgrounds, this article articulates as to what are the disabling or enabling factors towards exploring these questions, and how this objective can be reached in a perspective. It is recommended to incorporate ‘Health and Safety Care by each other’ by creating awareness among all citizens for ‘an observation and spot-correction of any at-risk behaviour from workplace to anyplace daily once’. An individual citizens behaviour whether voting or safety or health behaviour has the power to make a narrative or rule for our country. However, the world is likely to experience many COVID-19 waves till the societies learn and adopt proper masking and distancing behaviours. As behavioural changes at national level are gradual, the efforts have to sustain as planned interventions to combat COVID-19. Citizens need to understand that COVID-19 appropriate behaviours would give nearly 100 percent protection from infection, which is even higher protection than the vaccines could do. A multi-pronged action plan is recommended based on research findings. If India remains in fire-fighting approach and not installing permanent solution, it would affect economy adversely further. Towards success in the COVID-19 test, as nations prepare for future, let citizens now focus on safe behaviours.
Professor of Psychology (Retd.) – SNDT Women’s University, Director - Forum of Behavioural Safety, Mumbai. Harbans Lal, earned his Masters’ degree in Psychology from Guru Nanak Dev University, and PhD from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. Served SNDT Women’s University and the Central Labour Institute, Mumbai for >28 years. Represented India in Conferences in New York, Berlin, Muscat, Rome, New Zealand, Japan, London, Dubai, Cairo and Sydney. Is the Editor of the Journal of Psychosocial Research. Director of the Forum of Behavioural Safety and has conducted >1000 behavioural safety programs for industry.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.13
Relation between Personality and Perception of Employees towards Organizational Justice
By: Nandini Mohta , Dipanjana Chatterjee
Page No : 351-359
Individual dispositions affect all our decisions, how we perceive things and how we react to it. It impacts personal and professional life of an individual. Individual dispositions, simply put, refers to the propensity to act in a specific manner. So, this study examined the relationship between personality and perception of organizational justice. The sample consisted of 60 participants between the age range of 22-50 years. The findings suggested that most of the factors of personality is positively correlated with the factors of organizational justice, which means change in personality types can bring change in perception towards organizational justice.
Assistant Professor – Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata.
PG Student – Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.14
Relationship between Internet Addiction and Emotional Intelligence among Adult
By: Dipanjana Chatterjee , Ria Batavyal
Page No : 361-367
The purpose of the present research was to find out the relationship between internet addiction and emotional intelligence among adults. 300 individuals were selected irrespective of subject-relevant variables from Kolkata, and other parts of India. Tools used included IAT and SSEIT. Results revealed that males are severely dependent on internet, have slightly higher level of emotional intelligence as compared to females; females have moderate degree of internet addiction, and are high on emotional intelligence too, but not as much as males. It was concluded that there is a moderate positive correlation between internet addiction and emotional intelligence among adults.
M.A. - Department of Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata.
Assistant Professor - Department of Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.15
Emotional Maturity among Adolescent Girl Children With and Without Siblings
By: Keya Chatterjee , Bhanu B.S.
Page No : 369-373
Emotional maturity is the ability of an individual to manage emotions according to the circumstances. As emotional maturity plays an important role in development, so its consider to be an crucial factor during adolescent. The purpose of this study was to explore emotional maturity among adolescent girl children with and without siblings. The study was conducted on 60 adolescent girls. The data was collected using Emotional Maturity Scale by Dr. Yashvir Singh & Dr. Mahesh Bhargava, 1991. The obtained data revealed that there is no significant difference in adolescent girl children with and without siblings in emotional maturity.
M.Sc. Psychology Student - Department of Psychology, Surana College, Surana PG Centre, Bengaluru-60.
Assistant Professor - Department of Psychology, Surana College, Surana PG Centre, Bengaluru-60
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.16
Implementation of BBS in Indian Industries : A Case Study
By: Balakrishna G , Haribabu G ,
Page No : 375-386
The components and quantities of industrial activities has been reported as hazard indicators. The multiplicity and complexity of manpower activity has put forward the need of Behaviour based safety in Indian industries. The study presented here is focussing on investigation of unsafe activities and their effecting factors of industrial manpower in their routine job by using behaviour-based safety. Different parameters like age, gender, training and habits are considered in different industries like Cement, Steel and heavy engineering. The results shown a different good fit parameters like age and training are highly effecting work location safety. It was observed that in all types of industries low age group (<30 years) are found with high unsafe behavior and repeated unsafe behaviour and mid age group (30-45 years) are found next to them. The females are dominating in all phases in all type of industry with good safe behaviour. Tobacco addicted employees showing less performance than the nonaddicted.
HOD - Safety and Sustainability, Gunnebo India Pvt Ltd., GIDC, Halol, Gujarat, India.
Hindustan Aeronautical Limited, Koraput, Odisha, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.17
Exploring Cognitive Functioning of Teachers: An Outline from Multilingual Perspective
By: Ria Batavyal , Sayonee Chatterjee , Aparajita Chakraborty
Page No : 387-393
Multilingualism’ is defined as the ability to multiple languages parallelly. The purpose of this study is to test the difference in executive functioning, memory and learning between non-foreign language and foreign language teachers. Data was collected from 120 language teachers from school and college, with age ranging from 28 to 45 years. The tools used included: Rey’s Auditory Verbal learning Test and Ridley’s Stroop Test. Results revealed there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of auditory verbal learning. Thus, need for improvement in the domain of response inhibition and enhancing the auditory-verbal memory is required.
Student - Department of Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata.
Student - Department of Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata.
Assistant Professor - Department of Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.18
Organizational Role Stress, Burnout and Psychological Wellbeing among Employees
By: Nilesh Thakre , Aakanksha Kawde
Page No : 395-405
The organizational role stress is an important aspect distinct from the daily life of any employee working in any sector. The present study investigated the organizational role stress, burnout and psychological wellbeing among employees working in private sectors. The participants for the study consisted of 100 men and women employees working in different private companies within the age range from 21 to 55 years from Mumbai and its suburbs. The participants were assessed by using the Organizational Role Stress Scale, Ryff’s Psychological Well-being Questionnaire and Oldenburg Burnout Inventory respectively. The results illustrate that the employees with higher levels of organizational role stress experienced high burnout and lower psychological well-being. The obtained results confirme the fact that lower levels of organizational role stress resulted in lower burnout within an employee and enhanced overall psychological well-being within the individual.
Associate Professor in Psychology – SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai.
HR Administrative Head – Starlit Ability Enhancement Services, Mumbai
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.19
Protective Effects of Positive Religious Coping and Friendship on Suicidal Ideation among Young Adults
By: Antony M Wilson , Nishma V.M. , Surendra Kumar Sia
Page No : 407-415
Suicide is one of the great health concerns and this study looks at the positive religious coping and friendship as protective factors against suicides. To test this hypothesis 213 undergraduate and postgraduate students were selected. Statistics analysis was carried out on the collected data. The final result shows that both positive religious coping and friendship are independently, negatively associated with suicidal ideation. When both the methods are employed together, they can effectively reduce suicidal ideation. Counselors can make use of findings from this study in their counselling strategies in helping patients with suicidal ideation.
Antony M Wilson
PhD Scholar – Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry-605014.
PhD Scholar – Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry-605014.
Surendra Kumar Sia
Professor – Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry-605014
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2021.16.02.20
Book Review by Vipin K Chilana
Long Term Safety Culture Implementation (Authored: Dr. Harbans Lal Kaila)
By: Vipin K Chilana
Page No : 417-419
Jan-2020 to Jun-2020
Effects of Music Listening on Resilience, Self-Efficacy and Positivity in Healthy Young Adults
By: Uma Gupta , Vipin Kumar Singh
Page No : 1-24
Objective: To examine the effects of listening to instrumental music in males and females on five measures related to the positive aspects of behavior namely resilience, self-efficacy, optimism, meaning in life and psychosocial flourishing, as well as to investigate gender differences in the music-induced effects on five dependent variables mentioned above. Methods: A three factorial design, gender (males and females) × treatments (music intervention and controlled condition) × testing sessions (pre-test and post-test) with repeated measures on the last factor, was used. The procedure was: pretreatment assessments on dependent variables ––– 20 days’ music intervention/ controlled condition – post-treatment assessments on dependent variables. Assessments were done by two trained assistants; one assistant carried out pretreatment assessments and presented intervention treatment, and the other assistant did post-treatment assessments. Participants’ response scores were analyzed by ANOVA. Results: Music listening significantly increased scores on resilience, self-efficacy, optimism, meaning in life and psychosocial flourishing in both males and females; led to significantly higher scores in females relative to males on all the dependent variables. For the controlled condition, males relative to females had higher scores on self-efficacy; gender differences for other dependent variables were statistically nonsignificant. Conclusion: Music’s potential of generating positive schemas can serve as an easily available resource to squeeze out positivity out of negativity and make life more happy, meaningful and fulfilling. The human strengths fostered by music listening may serve as buffers against increasing negativity in modern life.
Uma Gupta : Professor & Head – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.
Vipin Kumar Singh : Ph.D. Scholar – Department of Siddhant Darshan, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.1
The Relationship between Editing Pictures of Oneself, Body Image and Self-Discrepancy
By: Rhea Mankotia , Mareena Susan Wesley
Page No : 25-33
Research has demonstrated that social media negatively impacts various aspects of self, but how editing pictures of oneself (EPO) can affect the same is yet to be understood. The aim of the current study was to examine whether there is a relationship between EPO, body image and self-discrepancy, that is, the discrepancy between actual, ought and ideal self. For this purpose, 106 women aged between 17 to 25 years were recruited into the study, who answered a survey about how much they edited their pictures before posting them online. They also completed the Body Image States Scale and the Selves Questionnaire. Results revealed that there was a significant relationship between actual-ought and actualideal self. A weak correlation was found between EPO and body image, and body image and actual-ought self. The study indicates that excessively EPO is negatively associated with body image. Implications of the findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Rhea Mankotia : Post-graduate in Clinical Psychology – Department of Psychology at CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru.
Mareena Susan Wesley : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology at CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.2
Impact of Metacognitive Strategies on Self-Regulated Learning and Intrinsic Motivation
By: Sweta Saraff , Malabika Tripathi , Rishipal , Rama Krishna Biswal , Anupama Srivastava Saxena
Page No : 37-48
Metacognition is an act of thinking about your thinking, reasoning or decision making or simply cognition. It may also be understood as being aware of your cognitive mechanism and using it to learn in a more proactive way. Metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive regulation are the two types of metacognitive strategies. Self- regulation as a construct implies controlling and maintaining one’s behaviour. The theory of intrinsic motivation posits that there is a natural pull and push to achieve mastery in areas of perceived competence. The aim of the present research is to study the impact of metacognititive strategies on self- regulated learning and intrinsic motivation. The primary motive of the study was to explore whether metacognitive strategies effect self-regulated learning behaviour and intrinsic motivation of undergraduate students. For all analysis, the significance level was kept at 0.05. The statistical analyses were conducted with SPSS v. 25.0. Data were collected from 440 undergraduate students divided in two group i.e. experimental and control. The result revealed that in all domains of metacognitive strategies, mean of experimental group was higher than the control group.
Sweta Saraff : Assistant Professor – AIPAS, Amity University, Kolkata
Rishipal : Professor Pedagogy & Dean – Humanities and Applied Sciences, SVSU, Haryana
Malabika Tripathi : Assistant Professor – AIPAS, Amity University, Kolkata
Rama Krishna Biswal : Assistant Professor – Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, NIT, Rourkela.
Anupama Srivastava Saxena : Associate Professor & HOD – AIBAS, Amity University, Haryana.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.3
Cognitive, Social Communication and Social Skills Development in Monolingual and Bilingual Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Multi Ethnic-Lingual Context – A Comparative Study
By: Sunitha Sendhilnathan , Shyamala, K. Chengappa
Page No : 47-68
The study investigated the effect of language intervention on equal numbers of participants (n=20) in both study groups, monolingual (English only) and bilingual (English and anyone of the Mother Tongue Language) children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, aged between 4.0 and 6.11 years, in Singapore. Each participant received language intervention for six months. The total raw score of cognitive, social communication and social skills in AEPS were computed at the baseline, after twenty-four weeks of language intervention and at week 27. The results revealed statistically significant improvement in the developmental skills in both the study groups, but no significance was indicated between the groups. The study indicated that bilingual exposure in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders does not have any negative impact in their cognitive, social communication and social development.
Sunitha Sendhilnathan : Ph.D Student (External Candidate), Head, Speech and Language – Pathology Dept. Cerebral Palsy Alliance Singapore, Singapore 519529.
Shyamala, K. Chengappa : (Retd.) Professor in Language Pathology, Dept. of Speech and Language Pathology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru – 570 006.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.4
Personal Narrative of Mental Illness within the Family: A Mental Health Professional’s Autoethnography
By: Shikha Soni
Page No : 69-76
This autoethnography chronicles mental health issues and related outcomes of an individual within an Indian family. The author, who is both a clinical psychologist and a family member of the patient analyses her personal experience from a sociocultural perspective. Societal and family influences such as parenting behaviour that maintain the symptoms and protective factors such as the primary caregiving system are discussed. The paper highlights the importance of family dynamics in therapy and autoethnographies in research. Also, the mental health of professionals whose family members have a diagnosis of mental illness should be prioritized in future research and practice.
Shikha Soni : Clinical Psychologist, Doctoral Research Scholar in Psychology – Department of Liberal Arts at Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.5
Hijra : An Understanding
By: Pradeep Kumar , Himanshi Singh
Page No : 77-87
The Indian hijra community encompasses persons with a variety of gender identities and sexual orientations, forming a culturally unique gender group. This article aims to understand different aspects of hijras. This community is heterogeneous and has been known in the historical context for millennia, forming a key part of rituals in Hindu culture. Their presence in celebrating marriages and child birth has been considered to be a good omen. The sociocultural aspects of hijras have frequently been the subjects of research by anthropologists and sociologists, but there is a dearth of data regarding mental health problems in them.
Himanshi Singh : MPhil Clinical Psychology Trainee (final Year) – Dept. of Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana.
Pradeep Kumar : Ph.D, M.Phil in Psychiatric Social Work, Consultant Psychiatric Social Work – State Institute of Mental Health, PD, BD, Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.6
Promoting Transition Planning among Individuals with Intellectual Disability: Involving Special Educators
By: Wasim Ahmad , A. T. Thressiakutty
Page No : 89-98
The present study attempted to find out the effect of teachers’ training on developing transition planning among individuals with intellectual disability (IID) with respect to gender and age. Individuals with intellectual disability (N=50) were intervened by the trained special educators. Single group pre and post test design has been used. Vocational Assessment and Programming System (VAPS) developed by Thressiakutty (1998) has been used in the present study. The data collected was analyzed using the statistical techniques such as t-test, ANCOVA and Post Hoc (LSD) Tukey test. The results show that the training has a remarkable impact on the development of transition planning among individuals with intellectual disability.
Wasim Ahmad : Assistant Professor Special Education (Intellectual Disability) – Govt. Rehabilitation Institute for Intellectual Disabilities (GRIID), Sector-31-C, Chandigarh-160030, India.
A. T. Thressiakutty : Professor and Head, Special Education (Intellectual Disability) – Sweekaar Academy of Rehabilitation Science Secunderabad- 500 009, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.7
Suicidal ideation, Cognitive distortions, Impulsivity and Depression among young adult in Patna, Bihar
By: Pradeep Kumar , Pallav Kumar , Sateyendra Dutta Mishra
Page No : 99-109
Despite the widespread research work on suicidal ideation, cognitive distortion, impulsivity and depression from diverse perspectives, little research has directly examined the cognitive attributes underlying impulsive behavior in adults. Aims and objectives of the study were to assess the relationship between Suicidal ideation, Cognitive distortions, Impulsivity and Depression among young adults. Three hundred youth were selected purposively from different college of Patna, Bihar. The statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) 16.0 windows was used for statistical analysis. There were significant positive correlation among suicidal ideation, cognitive distortion and depression where as there is negative correlation between suicidal ideation and impulsivity.
Pallav Kumar : Clinical Psychologist – District Mental Health Programe, Purnia, Bihar.
Pradeep Kumar : Consultant Psychiatric Social Work – State Institute of Mental Health, Pt, BD, Sharma Post Graduate Univeristy of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana
Sateyendra Dutta Mishra : Assistant Professor (Psychology) – B.N. College, Patna university Patna.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.8
Mission Bharat Bane Surkshit: Safety of Corporate India by Behavioural Science Approach
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 111-127
Focusing on the prevention of losses of life and business (in the contextof daily incidents like fires and fatalities at sites), this article is based on the industrial settings of Indian corporates, and is an endeavour to address on the possibilities, approach and vision of how an ambitious corporate safety movement namely Bharat Bane Surkshit (BBS) is achievable, through an understanding of a variety of key aspects such as positive outcomes of BBS implementation and key persons in companies who implemented it, BBS culture rating, quality of observations and spot-correction of at-risk behaviours, criteria for selection of BBS observers, dependent safety culture as a risk in safety approach. Other aspects included are the BBS organizational procedure to behaviouralize ISO 45001, focusing on the margins of BBS implementation to optimize it, BBS content design for HODs. adopting site BBS policy, and there commendations of the 4th BBS national conference of the Forum of Behavioural Safety, 2020.
Harbans Lal Kaila : He earned Masters’ degree in Psychology from Guru Nanak Dev University, Doctorate from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, is a retired Professor of Organizational Psychology with 36 years of professional experience, served at the SNDT women’s university and the Central Labour Institute in Mumbai for 28 years, published books/articles and participated in national/international conferences. He pioneered BBS training/ implementation in India, conducted 1000 BBS workshops in India/abroad and is a member expert panel for National Safety Council. Dr. Kaila represented India in Conferences at New York, Berlin, Muscat, Rome, New Zealand, Japan, London, Dubai, Egypt and Sydney. He is an Editor – Journal of Psychosocial Research and Founder Director - Forum of Behavioural Safety.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.9
Comparing Personality Profiles of Indian Students and Professionals based on SRT-Traits of Personality in Indian Psychology
By: Gitanjali Roy
Page No : 129-135
India is considered as one of the young countries in the world. A personality analysis of this population provides an opportunity to look into the future of the country on professional front. It’s like a scientific answer to a rhetorical question ‘where is the youth heading’? For this purpose a large sample was drawn from Indian students and professionals in engineering, medical, teaching and administrative personnel (most common professions in India) to proffer and compare personality profiles across these groups. Findings indicate apprehension facts about the students with respect to professionals.
Gitanjali Roy : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat-390001.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.10
Sensation Seeking and Aggression in Adventure Sportspersons: A Comparative Study
By: Debjani Kar , Sreemoyee Tarafder
Page No : 137-149
Adventure sport (AS) is inherently consisting of components of sensation seeking along with the established fact of aggression being an integral part of any sort of sports activity. In this study, it was intended to see how sensation seeking and aggression interact to develop unique characteristics of AS persons in comparison to NAS & NS persons. Cross-sectional, purposive sampling was used to select AS (n = 33; 26 M, 7 F) & NAS (n = 37; 26 M, 11 F) participants with NS (n= 31; 21 M, 10 F) as control group. All participants were assessed on the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) to assess anger expression patterns and the Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS-V) to assess sensation-seeking behavior. ANOVA was done for group comparisons with the Bonferroni test for post-hoc analysis along with Students’ttest and Pearson correlation. Findings indicated comparatively lower anger temperament and higher sensation-seeking as distinctive factors in the choice of adventure sports.
Debjani Kar : Department of Psychology, West Bengal State University, Barasat.
Sreemoyee Tarafder : Department of Psychology, West Bengal State University, Barasat.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.11
Elderly Population and New Age Technology
By: Susmita Halder , Richa Mohta
Page No : 151-158
Technological advances in recent times have been received in our nation at a widespread level. The most obvious source of this technological advancement is the use of internet. There is a rampant increase in the use of internet among different age groups. The least explored of which is the elderly population. The aim of the present study is to explore the pattern of internet use in old age. A total of 50 subjects belonging in the age group of 60-75 years of both genders were included in the study. Results indicated that the average usage of internet in this age group approximates to 1 hour 20 minutes, and was found to be more among males. The most common purpose of internet use was found to be social networking.
Richa Mohta : M.Phil Trainee – Department of Clinical psychology, Amity University, Kolkata
Susmita Halder : Associate Professor – Department of Clinical psychology, Amity University, Kolkata
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.12
Factorial View of various Psycho-social Predictors of Psychological Distress among adolescents of Jammu city of Jammu and Kashmir
By: Salma Hafiz , Rupan Dhillon
Page No : 159-169
Adolescence is the period of identity formation, independence transformation of roles, physiological changes and cognitive development. Results of the study illustrated that regression model as a whole accounted for 87.3 % of variance and R for psychological factor, adaptive strategies, coping strategies and family environment is 0.93, adjusted R2 = .87, F (4, 95) = 333.9, p< 0.01 that states that these are good predictors of psychological distress in adolescents. The results show that psychological factor is the best predictor of psychological distress in adolescents (? = -.89, p < 0.01). The adaptive strategies contributes significantly to the psychological distress of adolescents (? = -.19, p < 0.01). Coping strategies (? = .15, p < .01) and family environment (? = -.67, p < 0.01) also show significant contributions to the psychological distress in adolescents.
Salma Hafiz : Guest Faculty – Department of Life Long Learning, University of Jammu.
Rupan Dhillon : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.13
Living alone and with Autism
By: Minal Joshi
Page No : 171-180
This is an article on a case study of a young adult with Autism, who lived alone in a city after his parents passed away. Data was collected using in-depth interviews and observations with consent, from the participant and his aunt. Analysis of the data revealed broad domains related to his daily living and leisure activities, personal care and well being, interaction with relatives and neighbours, and his education and occupation. The article describes the struggles of independent living with Autism, the importance of social support and how a persons with ASD can overcome the natural barriers around them which come with the diagnosis, in order to reach their true potential.
Minal Joshi : Doctoral Scholar – School of Social Sciences, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, P.B.8313, V.N. Purav Marg, Deonar, Mumbai-400088.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.14
A Case Study on the Neuropsychological correlates of Behaviour of a Child in conflict with law
By: Saranya Banerjee , Priyanka Paul , Sanjukta Das
Page No : 181-191
The sudden accentuation in the rate of juvenile crimes has become a matter of perturbance for the nation. Significance of the various negative psychosocial factors has been the cornerstone of the research revolving around this group. Neuropsychological functioning of children in conflict with law has largely been disregarded in our nation and the available research mostly emphasised on the functioning of the prefrontal cortex whereas the role of the subcortical structures in this domain has been overlooked. After the identification of this lacuna in most of the studies, a complete neuropsychological profile of a child in conflict with law was formulated and integrated with his early and cultural experiences.
Saranya Banerjee : Junior Research Fellow – University Grants Commission, Department of Psychology, University of Calcutta.
Priyanka Paul : Junior Research Fellow – Department of Science and Technology – Cognitive Science Research Initiative, Department of Psychology, University of Calcutta.
Sanjukta Das : Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Calcutta.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.15
Personal Adjustment and Emotional Intelligence among High School Students
By: Krishna Rao Gangolu
Page No : 193-199
A person who adjusts himself in every situation or environment can never fall in his life as compare to those who find it difficult to adjust themselves in different situations. Those who have sound emotional intelligence can adjust in any environment. Low and nelson (2004) reported that emotional intelligence skills are key factors in the academic achievement and test performance of high school. To assess the personal adjustment as predictor of academic achievement of high school students. To examine the emotional intelligence as predictor of academic achievement of high school students.Results indicated that the personal.
Krishna Rao Gangolu : Andhra loyola institute of engineering & technology, Vijayawada-520008, Andhrapradesh, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.16
Determinants of Mental Health of Adolescent Girls in Pune City
By: Pranita Rajaram Jagtap
Page No : 201-211
Mental health among the children and adolescents in India is precarious. It is influenced by various individual factors as well as the environment in which people live. As reported by WHO 20% of adolescents and children in the world have mental problems. This comprises almost 50 million Indian children suffering from mental disorders. The present study aims to examine the determinants of mental health of adolescent girls. The sample included 125 adolescent girls, from Pune city, Maharashtra. Tools used in this study were- Personality Inventory, Projective test of achievement motivation, Socio-economic scale. For assessing academic achievement, an official record of students’ marks obtained in school examinations was used. Statistical analysis was conducted using one-way ANOVA. Students were classified into four groups on the basis of mental health scores as measured by Personality Inventory (Poor, Just Satisfactory, Satisfactory & Good Mental Health). One-way ANOVA results revealed significant differences in SES across poor vs. satisfactory mental health group (p=.05) and poor vs. good mental health group (p=.03), as well as on personality dimensions namely confidence, sociability, self-sufficiency (p=.00). No significant difference was found in achievement motivation and academic achievement with respect to level of mental health. Significant differences in SES, Personality dimensions were seen, but no significant differences were found in achievement motivation and academic achievement across level of mental health.
Pranita Rajaram Jagtap : Research Associate – Jnana Prabodhini’s Institute of Psychology, 510, Sadashiv Peth, Pune 411030.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.17
Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Civil Police Officers in Kerala
By: Leena S T , S. Jude
Page No : 213-225
The present investigation is carried out to understand the level of depression, anxiety and stress among civil police officers in Trivandrum district, Kerala. The study includes police officers from both genders (N=120) within the age range of 30 to 50 years. The sample was drawn using the purposive sampling technique. Descriptive research design was used as the research design. Personal data schedule and DASS-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) were used as the assessment instruments in the present study. Statistical tests such as Frequency analysis and spearman’s correlation were used to analyze the data statistically. This study also intends to identify the relationship between the depression, anxiety and stress among civil police officers. The results showed that significant number of police officers in Kerala suffer on depression, anxiety and stress.
S Jude : MSc student – Department of Counselling Psychology, Loyola college of social sciences, Sreekaryam, Trivandrum.
S T, Leena : Faculty – Department of Counselling psychology, Loyola college of social sciences, Sreekaryam, Akkulam Road, Trivandrum 695 017, Kerala
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.18
Emotional Intelligence and Subjective Well-being among Mumbai college students
By: Kranti C. Gawali
Page No : 227-236
The present study examined the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and SWB in degree college students. Participants were 100 degree college students who completed the Schutte’s Self Report Inventory (SSRI) of EI, and Subjective Well-being Inventory. Analysis was conducted and the results yielded a significant relationship between EI and SWB. There was a significant and positive correlation between EI and SWB (r = 0.337, p< 0.01). A ‘t’ test was computed to study the difference in the SWB between the High EI group and low EI group. The results were found to be in line with directional hypotheses. It was also found that EI predicts SWB, as the emotionally intelligent individuals are better at understanding and managing their emotions in stressful situations and are better at problem solving and interpersonal relationship. The sample of this study was college students, who face pressures on different fronts like academics and social relations. Knowledge of EI and SWB positive relationship will be beneficial for students in specific to enhance positive traits such as self-discipline, emotion management, agreeableness and readiness for new experiences and objective acceptance.
Kranti C. Gawali : Associate Professor and Head, – Department of Psychology, Bhavan’s College, Andheri (west), Mumbai.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.19
Effects of Emotional Regulation on Suicidal Ideation
By: Neha Pathak , R. N. Singh
Page No : 237-245
The study under report was conducted to examine the effects of ability of emotional regulation, if any, on suicidal ideation among adolescents. The phase of adolescence is called the age of storm and stress and it may interfere with the ability of dealing with the emotional problems, which may lead to adaptive problems and in many cases the adolescents may take hazardous steps which may include suicidality (suicidal ideation) and suicide also. In order to examine the above assumption, 200 adolescents studying in Intermediate Colleges of Jaunpur city (U.P.India) and its neighboring areas were administered the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire and Suicidal Ideation Scale. The adolescents were assigned to either of the three emotional regulation groups (High, Moderate & Low ERG) on the basis of their scores on ERQ. The descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. The results obtained clearly suggested that the ability of emotional regulation exerts differential effects on suicidal ideation among adolescents. Results are thoroughly discussed and interpreted in the light of the finding of the present study and also the findings of the previous researches. Besides it, implications, limitation and the suggestions for future researches are also underlined.
R. N. Singh : Professor – Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (India).
Neha Pathak : Research scholar in Psychology – Department of Psychology, Magadh University, Magadh (Bihar).
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.20
Emotional Intelligence: It’s Impact on Working women’s physical-mental wellness and stress
By: Meera Shankar
Page No : 247-254
Indian Women have accepted the challenge of going out to work, which is demanding, in the era of cutthroat competition. Work place has become more challenging, as a result, women are also expected to work hard. Hence, workload and expectations have increased. Back home they are expected to take care of family members and other household job. Thus, women are stretching themselves mechanically to remain in the competition, and try to give their best in both place. Resultantly, they are working under continuous pressure, stressed, in turn having issues related to physical and mental wellness. Emotional Intelligence is the ability to understand and check various negative feelings, i.e. anger, anguish, impulsiveness, stress, anxiety and comprehend about positive feelings of patience, empathy, confidence which gives coping mechanism to the individuals to understand the situation in better way. It is an expertise that reduces the stress. The main objective of the present research article is to find out the impact of emotional intelligence on working women’s mental, physical wellness and stress management.
Meera Shanker : (PhD), Professor in OB & HR – Dept. of Edu. Management Studies, JDBIMS, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai-400049.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.21
The Effect of Peer-led Sexuality Education and Telephone Health-messaging on Sexual Self-esteem and Assertiveness: A School-based Intervention among Adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria
By: Agbede Catherine O , Ogunsanmi Ololade O.
Page No : 255-269
Adolescent sexuality is a subject of public health concern because of the associated consequences such as adolescent pregnancy, truncated education and sexually transmitted infections. The prevalence of teenage pregnancy and school dropout among adolescents in Oyo State was found to be 8.2% and 21.7% respectively. The study employed a quasi-experimental design. The population of the study was in-school adolescents in Ibadan. One hundred and twenty adolescents were selected through systematic sampling. Four school were randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups and 1control group. A validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The results showed that 23 (19.1%) adolescents had engaged in a sexual intercourse and mean age at sexual debut was 13.91±1.929 years. The combination of the PSE and THM interventions better predicted a change in the adolescents’ level of sexual self-esteem (p > 0.01) and sexual assertiveness (p > 0.01). The study recommended that program directors and stakeholders should develop and contextualize multiple interventions to address the cognitive and psychosocial skills of adolescents towards sexual-risk behaviors.
Ogunsanmi Ololade O : (MPH, B.Sc), Department of Public Health, School of Public and Allied Health, Babcock University, Nigeria.
Agbede, Catherine O : (PhD, MPH, BSc), Department of Public Health, School of Public and Allied Health, Babcock University, Nigeria.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.22
Adjustment and Emotional Intelligence among Indian students
By: Harbans Lal Kaila , Kranti C. Gawali
Page No : 271-279
The present study examined the relationship between Adjustment and Emotional Intelligence (EI) in degree college students. Participants were 100 degree college students who completed the Bell’s Adjustment Inventory and Schutte’s Self Report Inventory (SSRI) of EI. The results of data analysis revealed a significant relationship between Adjustment and EI .There was a significant and negative correlation between Adjustment and EI (r = - 0.268, p< 0.01). The ‘t’ test was computed to study the difference in the adjustment levels between the High EI and Low EI groups. The results were found to be significant and in line with the hypothesis, indicating that the adjustment of individuals is related to their EI. The findings of the study also imply that the students with high EI are better adjusted in emotional and social aspects of their life. Study also proposes programs aimed at enhancing the EI among students if implemented, will enable them to adjust effectively with life situations.
Kranti C. Gawali : Associate Professor and Head – Department of Psychology, Bhavan’s College, Andheri (west), Mumbai.
H.L. Kaila : Professor and Former Head – Department of Psychology, S.N.D.T Women’s University, Mumbai
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.23
Parenting Styles, Study Habits and Achievement Motivation among Adolescents
By: Nilesh Thakre , Chandana Shet
Page No : 281-293
The present study explores the impact of Father’s parenting style on adolescentsstudy habits and achievement motivation. Past research has explored the impact of parenting or educational involvement of only one parent, mostly mother (Cabera, Tamis-LeMonda, Bradley, Hofferth, & Lamb, 2000; Grief & Grief, 2004). However, changes in the family structure like rising divorce rates, single parents and increasing number of women engaged in workforce has brought in the need to study fatherhood too. The participants of the study consist of 76 adolescents girls and boys within the age range of 13 to 14 years, studying in classes’ 8th and 9th standard of English medium schools in Mumbai. They were assessed by using three different tools namely parental authority questionnaire (Buri, 1992), test of study habits and attitudes (Mathur, 2002) and achievement motivation scale (Deo & Mohan, 2011). The data was analysed by one way analysis of variance and Tukey’s HSD. Results revealed a significant difference between parenting styles on study habits and achievement motivation. The study habits and achievement motivation among adolescents was higher when the parenting style was authoritative as compared to authoritarian and permissive parenting styles.
Nilesh Thakre : Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai
Chandana Shet - School Psychologist, Arya Vidya Mandir School & Research Scholar, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.24
Crowd Violence: A Contextual analysis of various incidents at Delhi
By: Suresh Kumar , Sapna Yadav
Page No : 295-304
The present study aimed to identify the emerging behavioural patterns and triggers in various crowd incidents at Delhi. To achieve the aim of the study, 34 case studies of various crowd incidents were collected from 94 Delhi police officers having experience of 3 to 30 years in crowd handling. The case studies were analysed by using content analysis method of qualitative assessment. All collected case studieswere classified into 7 domains representing specific contexts. Domain 1 consisted case studies where people assembled due to safety and other basic need issues. Domain 2 deals with sudden assembly of crowd, domain 3 consisted crowd incidents against rape and eve teasing. Domain 4 and 5 includes cases of schools and colleges students protest, domain 6 represent communal violence and domain 7 deals with protest against reservation policies. The analysis of these case studies indicates that the violence in these gathering triggered by confrontation with security forces, misguided rumours, provocative speeches by leaders, trivial messages on social media and sudden and unjustified action of security forces. The probability of violence in these crowd is also high when it includes maximum youth and antisocial/national element in it. Preventive measure to reduce the probability of violence are also highlighted by case studies. The finding of the present study having a strong implication to design the crowd violence management strategies particularly in Delhi.
Sapna Yadav : Junior Research Fellow – Defence Institute of Psychology (DIPR), DRDO.
Suresh Kumar : Scientist – Defence Institute of Psychology (DIPR), DRDO
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.25
Exploring Resilience in Indian Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Qualitative Approach
By: Sadhana Natu , Sumita Chavare
Page No : 305-317
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic pain disease which affects patients’ functioning in all spheres of life. RA cannot be cured permanently, but can be managed. In India, large body of research has extensively studied the role of various biological interventions in pain-management of RA. Despite of pain being a subjective phenomenon, the effectiveness of measures taken by patients in the form of resiliency processes has been sparsely studied and acknowledged. Therefore, the objective of this qualitative study is to explore the process of inner resilience and the way it shaped the health outcomes through lived experiences of 8 women with RA. Thematic analysis of in-depth semi-structured interview has demonstrated following resilience processes within patients: i) Internal locus of control ii) Optimism and hope iii) Finding practical strategies for pain management and overcoming limitations iv) Engaging in meaningful activities despite pain v) Buffering effect of pain acceptance vi ) Seeking social support vii) Seeking spiritual support. Findings of this study draw attention to the contribution of patients’ strengths in the form of resilience to influence health outcomes and highlight the pressing need for clinicians to maintain biopsychosocial perspective in pain management.
Sumita Chavare : Ph.D. student – Department of Psychology, Savitribai Phule Pune University
Sadhana Natu : Associate Professor and Head – UG and PG Department of Psychology, Modern College, Ganesh khind, Pune.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.26
Relationship of Subjective wellbeing and Psychological Adjustment among students
By: Kranti C. Gawali , Chadrashekhar Gawali
Page No : 317-327
Subjective well-being and psychological adjustment are complimentary to each other in the development of individuals. Subjective wellbeing is the indicator particular level of adjustment. There are individual differences noted due to justifiable reasons. But lower levels on both Subjective wellbeing and psychological adjustment hamper individuals’ personal social and professional life also. Since most vulnerable, study is conducted on degree college students (n-100) to relate psychological wellbeing and adjustment. Subjective wellbeing Inventory by Nagpal & Sen and Bell’s Adjustment Inventory Students-Form are used. Correlation analysis (r - .542) (p< 0.001) revealed inverse relationship between levels of Subjective wellbeing and Psychological adjustment. A ‘t’ test was computed to see the significant difference in the SWB scores between two groups with high and low adjustment. There was a significant difference found between the two groups (t =5.503, p<0.05). Knowledge about wellbeing and adjustment is useful for students, educational institutions and parents. Empirical evidences will be helpful for teachers and professionals to enhance overall wellbeing.
Kranti Gawali : Head, Dept. of Psychology, Bhavan’s College, Andheri-West, Mumbai.
Chadrashekhar Gawali : Head, University Dept. of Human Development, SNDT Women’s University, Santacruz-West, Mumbai
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.27
Effect of Mindfulness on Self-concept, Self-esteem and Growth Mindset: Evidence from Undergraduate Students
By: Sweta Saraff , Rishipal , Akanksha Tiwari
Page No : 329-340
Role of mindfulness is cardinal for students’ holistic growth that is not only limited to education but also for social and emotional development. This paper discusses the importance of mindfulness as an intervention to students in a group. The present study aims to demonstrate the impact of intervention of mindfulness-based approach in developing the positive self-concept, self-esteem and growth mindset in first year college students, divided in three different groups namely control group, treatment group 1 and treatment group 2 respectively. The results found show a significant increase in the self-concept, self-esteem and growth mindset of college students of the treatment group 2 as compared to that of the control group. The efficacy of campus-based training is also discussed.
Sweta Saraff : Assistant Professor, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University Kolkata.
Akanksha Tiwari : Research Scholar – Amity Institute of Behavioral and Allied Sciences, Amity University Gurgaon, Haryana
Rishipal : Professor Pedagogy – Dean Humanities and Applied Sciences, Shri Viswakarma Skill University, Haryana.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.28
Exploring the Relationship between Hardiness, Perceived Stress, Life Satisfaction and Affect among College Undergraduates
By: Chirmi Acharya , Varun Sethi
Page No : 341-347
Hardiness is known as a personality trait that relates to a person’s ability to manage and respond to stressful life events in a healthy way with coping strategies that turn potentially unfortunate circumstances into learning. Hardiness is also a personal attribute commonly look after in the workplace and greatly valued in students of all ages. The tools employed were: Hardiness Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, PANAS and Life satisfaction scale. This study aims to investigate relation of hardiness, perceived stress, positive and negative affect and life satisfaction in 100 college undergraduates. The findings of this study are in line with the available literature that hardiness positively relates with life satisfaction and positive affect and is negatively related to perceived stress and negative affect.
Chirmi Acharya : Assistant Professor AIBAS, Amity University Rajasthan.
Varun Sethi : BA (H) Applied Psychology – AIBAS, Amity University Rajasthan.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.29
Impact of Parental Acceptance-Rejection on Children’s Altruistic Behavior
By: Asoke Kumar Saha , Mosfika Azad Linte , Parimol Kumar
Page No : 349-359
The purpose of the present study was to find out the impact of Parental AcceptanceRejection on Children’s Altruistic Behavior. A total of 200 students were selected purposefully from the urban and rural areas of different schools as participants. Two scales were administered here such as Measurement of Helping Behavior (MHB) Bangla version Enam (1992) was used to measure altruistic behavior of students, and Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ-Mother & Father), short form of child Bangla version Uddin (2011) was used to measure student’s parental acceptancerejection. The obtained data were analyzed by Mean, SD, correlation and stepwise multiple regressions, etc. Results indicated that PARQ Mother and Father both significantly related to altruistic behavior, i.e. parental acceptance-rejection affected students’ altruism behavior. The results showed that PARQ Mother and PARQ Father was the predictor of Altruistic Behavior. Results further indicated that there was a significant difference in altruistic behavior according to gender.
Asoke Kumar Saha : Professor and Ex-chairman – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Bangladesh
Mosfika Azad Linte : MS Student – Department of Psychology,Jagannath University, Bangladesh
Parimol Kumar : Lecturer – Bheramara, Govt. Mohila College, Bangladesh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.30
Presence of ‘Calling Work Orientation’ among Higher Secondary and College teachers in Mysore
By: Papia Saraf , C.G. Venkatesha Murthy
Page No : 361-371
There is growing concern regarding the quality of higher education. With growing diversity in the student profile and phenomenal technological advancement, the challenges facing our education system are unprecedented. At the centre of this cauldron of expectation is the teacher. To meet these challenges there is a need for teachers who view teaching not just as job or career, but the very purpose or meaning of their lives. Calling work orientation refers to a focus on enjoyment of fulfilling, socially useful work irrespective of the financial gains. The present study measures the ‘presence of calling work orientation among Higher Secondary, Academic under graduation degree and Professional under graduation degree college teachers. The sample consisted of 565 teachers (85 Higher Secondary, 123 Academic undergraduate degree and 357 Professional undergraduate degree college teachers) from Mysore. The Calling and Vocational Questionnaire (CVQ) by Dik et al (2012) was used to determine the ‘presence of calling’ among these teachers. The results indicated that Professional college degree teachers had the highest incidence of calling orientation. The results showed that there was no significant difference among the 3 groups of teachers in ‘presence of calling’ orientation. The effects of demographic variables such as gender, marital status and years of teaching experience have been explored.
Papia Saraf : Asst Prof. – Jain University
C.G. Venkatesha Murthy : Dean, Research, Professor and Head – Department of Extension Education, Regional Institute of Education, Mysore.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.01.31
Jul-2020 to Dec-2020
Early Childhood Education in Contemporary Indian Society: Finding Meaning through Cultural Traditions and Developmental Science
By: Nandita Chaudhary
Page No : 373-384
Local cultural traditions can be argued as adaptive, enduring, and effective ways of living with the environment, and cultural differences in beliefs and practices can be linked to ecological, social, and historical contexts. Using this argument, traditional knowledge and indigenous practices of child care can be argued as adaptive, sustainable and meaningful. Besides folk wisdom, we have access to global information, which is now universally available even from our hand-held devices. Knowledge is dynamic and responsive to changes in society as an outcome of internal and external influences, and it is unreasonable to make any blanket claims either about tradition or about modernity as being absolute and accurate. As humans, we must question everything. Examining the intersection of different sources of information, it becomes evident that there is a tendency to view local practice as folk culture and global information as verified science. However, if we shift perspectives, the separation of science and culture is not absolute, and the opposition between folk belief and global science is misplaced. This paper focuses on a productive combination of science and culture to identify four possible intersections with local and global knowledge for heuristic purposes. These are proposed as overlapping areas of knowledge and activity and not as exclusive or exhaustive domains. In any field of activity, local culture, global science, local science and global culture intersect, where the first two (local culture and global science) are recognized, the third and fourth categories of the model (local science and global culture) are usually ignored since cultural tradition is seen as local and positioned as unscientific, and science as global. The antagonism between these fields of knowledge is an outcome of history, more specifically colonial imperialism,and has been detrimental for sustainable and inclusive advancement. These phenomena will be examined with specific reference to the care and education of young children.
Nandita Chaudhary : PhD, Child development expert – Retired Faculty, Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, Lady Irwin College, Delhi University, New Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.1
A Proposed Framework for Designing a Postgraduate Course to Study Adaptations of Sanskrit Literature in Contemporary Media
By: Saurabh Singanapalli
Page No : 385-392
Given the large number of adaptations of Sanskrit literature, especially those based on the RÀmÀyaõa and the MahÀbhÀrata, in modern-day media, it is useful to think of a University-level postgraduate course that enables learners to critically engage with these different kinds of adaptations. This paper makes a case for the importance and necessity of such a course and suggests a broad framework based on which this course might be designed, to make it pertinent and useful to students and the society in today’s day and age. The implications of such a course for social policy and planning, including its suitability in the context of the National Education Policy, 2020, are also touched upon.
Saurabh Singanapalli : Assistant Professor – School of Linguistics & Literary Studies, Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, Ernakulam, Kerala, 682313.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.2
Elements of Indian Philosophy in the Pedagogy of Gurukula System of Music Education: with Special Reference to KhayÀl Singing in Hindustani Music
By: Swapnil Chandrakant Chaphekar
Page No : 393-401
In the medieval period, music in the northern India was much influenced by the Persian Islamic rulers, to what is known as Hindustani music system today. It is said that this system lost its connection with spirituality and ‘Bhakti’ Rasa was replaced by ‘ŒÃôgÀra’ Rasa. However, the core of the Indian thought process could not be changed so easily and that is why the change is seen in the presentation and not in the intention or spirit. The composers in Hindustani music were not saints like in Carnatic music. Still philosophy reflects in their works. Though music went from temples to courts, the language changed from SaÉskÃtam to Braj, Viœnupada changed to Dhruvapada or Dhrupada, which later evolved into KhayÀl, philosophical thought is invariably seen interwoven into it, because Gurus in the Gurukula system have nurtured it. The research paper aims to reveal the different philosophical thoughts hidden in the pedagogy of Gurukula mode of music education. It takes the methods of teaching, evaluation and also thoughts reflected in KhayÀl compositions for analytical study.
Swapnil Chandrakant Chaphekar : Assistant Professor and Head, – School of Kalyoga, Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, Pune, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.3
BrahmacaryÀœramadharma: A Mechanism for an Integral Human Development in the Ancient Gurukula System of BhÀrata
By: Pijus Kanti Pal , Anuradha Choudry
Page No : 403-413
There are two reasons to examine the Ancient Gurukula System (AGS) more closely today. One is to try to understand what it was and in the context of the National Education Policy 2020, to identify what it has to offer to the present age. The other is to see if it can provide any solutions for contemporary problems of our existing systems. A significant characteristic of AGS was that the guru considered it his responsibility to ensure the all-round development of the pupils. This was achieved by encouraging them to know about the different aspects of their identity as presented in the UpaniÈads to enable them to become familiar with their own prakÃti (intrinsic nature) so that they could discover and develop their highest potential. This paper will discuss the concept of brahmacaryÀœramadharma, as an effective mechanism to foster an Integral Human Development (IHD) in students as practiced in the (AGS) of BhÀrata.
Pijus Kanti Pal : Research Scholar, – Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Kharagpur.
Anuradha Choudry : Assistant Professor, – Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Kharagpur.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.4
Envisaging Spiritual Development for the 4-Year Integrated B.Ed. Curriculum
By: Gauri Mahulikar , Radha Mohan
Page No : 415-423
This paper looks at spiritual development in the context of teacher education. The introduction of the 4-year integrated B.Ed. curriculum gives teacher education an opportunity to inculcate spiritual values in teacher trainees to be blended into one’s way of life. Spirituality is a core value in the Indian system of education. A review of the literature reveals the key traits necessary for spiritual development in individuals. Wigglesworth (2012) four quadrants of Spiritual Intelligence is in consonance with the teachings of the UpaniÈads. Experiencing, creating, inquiring are beneficial aspects to life’s meaning and purpose. Appreciating the tenets of other religions and worldviews, spiritual development is a universal human faculty that is exercised and advanced through experience and reflection. Several techniques are described with applications for schools considered. Implications of the need for a central theme for spiritual development are also discussed.
Radha Mohan : Professor in Education – School of Ethics, Governance, Culture and Social Systems, Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, Deemed to be University, Veliyanad, Ernakulam 682383, Kerala.
Gauri Mahulikar : Dean of Faculty – Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, Deemed to be University, Veliyanad, Ernakulam 682383, Kerala.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.5
The Yoga SÂtra, Performing arts and Health
By: Raghu Ananthanarayanan
Page No : 425-432
The paper speaks from a first person perspective of a sdhaka of yoga, as taught directly by the yoga tradition of Krishnamacharya. It brings specific references from the original texts and the teaching of the master-Sri TKV Desikachar to understand health, ill-health and the transformation of the psyche towards well-being-a psyche capable of samÀdhi. The paper also reports the experiences of re-claiming the connection between yoga, arts such as theatre, dance, drawing and poetry to health and well-being. Finally, the paper critiques the poverty of current ideas in psychology, since they have no wherewithal towards healing and transformation as contemporary psychology continues to borrow from wisdom traditions of the east-such as mindfulness and appropriate in its discipline to then bask in claims of ownership. Implications are discussed for Indian Psychologists.
Raghu Ananthanarayanan : Trustee, – Ritambhara Ashram, Riverdale, Thangamalai Rd, Kothagiri, Tamil Nadu-643217
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.6
Ayurvedic Conceptual Framework and Systematic Treatment Protocol for Autism Spectrum Disorder
By: Vaidya M. Prasad
Page No : 433-446
The aim of the paper is to delineate the fundamental principles of °yurveda as applied in the presentation of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) among children and present a systematic Àyurvedic treatment protocol for children diagnosed with ASD. The author - a practising Àyurvedic expert physician and scholar notes that °yurveda is a theory based system and these theoretical principles empower the clinician towards applications of the same in specific context and practice. The author also notes that classical °yurvedic texts do not specifically discuss ASD and the paper involves original research efforts towards identifying resolutions in the context of parents and children with ASD, who are looking towards Àyurveda for relief. With the objective to present the Àyurvedic principles and a systematic treatment protocol, the author delineates the Àyurvedic logical framework as applied to ASD from his extensive clinical practice. Further, based on his clinical work, the paper presents a systematic phase wise Àyurvedic protocol for ASD. The paper has profound implications for the integration of indigenous Àyurvedic medicines in the context of contemporary disorders. Second, the paper indicates several hypotheses that can now be tested empirically in the next phases of research. If proven, an evidenced based policy on Àyurvedic treatment for children with ASD can be proposed and implemented.
Vaidya M. Prasad : Professor and HOD – Department of Shalakya Tantra, Ashtamgam °yurveda Chilkitsalayam evam Vidyapeedham, Vavanoor, Koottanad, Palakkad District, Kerala, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.7
Integrated Understanding of Personality Based on PrakÃti: Evidence-based Analysis Towards A Wellness Philosophy
By: Shilpa Datar
Page No : 447-459
The author explores the understanding of PrakÃti and the different concepts that combine to make it a holistic and evidence-based scientific theory. An analysis of PrakÃti to facilitate better understanding of patients and clients in a clinical setting, as well as for larger domain of psychology has immense implications both in the short and long term. The world wide acceptance of °yurveda and Yoga and familiarity of its principles set the stage for Psychologists to adopt this PrakÃti based theoretical framework for practice, leading to richer interactions in both clinical as well as nonclinical settings, making the field of psychology pervasive and common across different divisive theories and across different countries that exist today. This would also pave the way for a unified theory of psychology rather than a fragmented one that is pervasive today. The field of Psychology would benefit immensely from these holistic adoptions.
Shilpa Datar : She has a post-graduation and a Doctorate in Psychology. Her interests are in the areas of Personality studies and psychometric assessment of Personality from the Indian perspective. She is currently working in Swayam Personality Assessment®, Bangalore which she set up and works mainly in three sectors. 1) To guide students into making better career choices, 2) Support for HR departments in areas of recruitment as well as training and development and 3) Health and Wellness industry by identifying and educating people about the importance of Prakriti based Yoga and Pranayama practice to achieve their health goals. Dr. Datar has developed an algorithm-based software for Prakriti analysis, with an IP on it (which is online at https:// www.swayam.life), and is the recipient of many awards both from India as well as abroad along with many other accolades for her work and contribution in this field. She can be contacted at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.8
Theoretical and Pragmatic Challenges in Integrating °yurveda with Contemporary Health Perspectives
By: Vaidya Om Prakash
Page No : 461-470
The greatest contribution ancient India ever gave to the world was the wisdom through its knowledge traditions. Its unparalleled depth and diversity attracted the seekers from the different corners of the world for centuries. But the current status of these traditional streams is under severe threat of extinction and the credit goes to centuries of invasions and the post-colonial education system. Despite the fact that many Governmental and Non-Governmental Agencies are working for the revitalization of these streams, the outcome is very nominal and unsatisfactory in a westernized society and culture. The main challenges being faced by °yurveda, Major Indian traditional medical wisdom, shall be looked into three folds of its existence with respect to Education, Public Health and Research. Analyzing the above concerns may provide at least a rough idea on the revival of this great wisdom in the future.
Vaidya Om Prakash Narayan : MD (Ayu), Assistant Professor – Department of Kriyasarira, Ashtamgam Ayurveda Chikitsalayam & Vidyapeedham, Vavanoor, Koottanad, Palakkad, Kerala.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.9
Meditation-Induced Prosociality: An Integral Analysis Based on Traditional and Scientific Understanding
By: J. Shashi Kiran Reddy , Sisir Roy
Page No : 471-479
In the present scenario of the world, where there is a sharp decline of moral and ethical values across the globe making individual and social structures appear chaotic, cultivating prosociality seems to be crucial while we deal with different people, groups and organizations. While the study of prosocial behaviours is usually dealt in the areas of evolutionary and socio-cultural psychology, in recent years, the meditation-induced prosociality has received much attention. Now, there are a substantial number of studies showing that meditation practices can potentially influence prosocial outcomes. As this is the case, some researchers even claim that most of these prosocial studies on meditation involve not only methodological issues but also various biases while analyzing and conducting experimental studies. In addition, the positive prosocial effects of meditation are also attributed toa rather poor understanding as to how these practices really influence such behaviours. Apart from considering various potential aspects that may affect the findings, as suggested by other researchers, future studies should also consider traditional perspective while designing a study. So, this paper focuses on deriving the traditional narratives that suggest the relation between meditation and prosociality and see if this is in line with the contemporary view from the scientific studies.
J. Shashi Kiran Reddy : National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), IISC Campus, Bangalore, India.
Sisir Roy : National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), IISC Campus, Bangalore, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.10
Visual Perception: Perspectives from Advaita VedÀnta
By: Tulasi Kumar Joshi
Page No : 481-495
Perception is a prominent subject matter in all Indian Philosophical Systems (DarœanÀ) as it is in many contemporary knowledge systems like Cognitive Science and Psychology. Questions such as “What is the nature of perception?”, What are the different types of perception?”, “How does it get produced?” What are the means of perception?” have been the same, even as the answers are different with respect to different disciplines. Since the topic is common to all, there is a possibility to get confused or overlap the concepts. This paper discusses perception in the framework of Advaita VedÀnta, and tries to remove the possibility of confusion or overlapping other philosophical concepts from the Advaitic perspective. Advaita VedÀnta has set a new dimension with regard to the nature of perception which is uncommon to other DarœanÀ-s. This system has basically divided all perceptions into two categories - Conventional Perception and Actual Perception whereas other prominent philosophical systems like NyÀya, do not have this distinction. In view of this distinction it becomes very necessary to discuss the properties of both categories to avoid the ambiguity. This paper predominantly discusses the various aspects of visual perception from an advaita perspective. There is an emerging idea in cognitive science about nonveridical nature of visual perception which advaita also claims about all conventional perception. Implications for future theory and research are discussed.
Tulasi Kumar Joshi : Assistant Professor – School of Vedic Knowledge Systems, Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, Kochi, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.11
Viveka and VairÀgya: Empirical Possibilities for Cognitive Concepts in Indian Psychology
By: Shilpa Ashok Pandit
Page No : 497-507
The aim of this paper is to present a case for Indian cognitive concepts, which are amenable to neuro-cognitive measurements. Underlying the unique Indian psychology framework, consciousness is a central concept, cognition is instrumental in not only recognising this essential reality but also living a dhÀrmic life. Since, cognition has a dual purpose- one to recognise the true nature of self and two to enact and transact ethically in the world, cognition can be amenable to empirical measurement in terms of neuro-cognitive correlates. Towards this aim, the paper first lays out the meta-theoretical assumptions of Indian Psychology and identifies two key concepts and constructs-Viveka and VaÁrÀgya that are amenable to neurocognitive investigation. The paper elucidates these two concepts and suggests research designs and hypotheses. Implications for social policy are discussed.
Shilpa Ashok Pandit : Associate Professor – School of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Heritage, Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, Veliyanad, Kochi, Kerala.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.12
Research on Sastras in Contemporary Times: Methodological Strategies for Indigenous Research
By: Dharm P S Bhawuk
Page No : 509-522
In this paper, nine strategies for doing research on œÀstras that have allowed the author to develop constructs like lajjÀ, œraddhÀ, prem, lokasaÉgraha, and adhyÀtma, and also develop models that explain the Indian concept of self, the process of anger generation, the process model of peace, and so forth have been presented. It is hoped that people interested in pursuing a program of research in Indian Psychology will find these methodological strategies useful.
Dharm P S Bhawuk : Professor of Management and Culture and Community Psychology – Department of Management and Industrial Relations, Shidler College of Business, University of Hawaii at Mano.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.13
Impact of Emotional Labor on Burnout and Subjective Well Being of Female Counselors and Female Teachers
By: Sweta Saraff , Akanksha Tiwari , Rajesh Nair
Page No : 523-532
The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of Emotional labor on Burnout and Subjective wellbeing of female counselors and female teachers, located in Delhi NCR. The data was collected through surveys, 60 participants (30 female teachers and 30 female counselors) completed the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI; Demerouti, 1999; Demerouti et al., 2003), Nagpal and Sell Subjective wellbeing inventory (1992) and Botheridge and Lee Emotional Labor Scale (1998). Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and t-test were used to assess the impact of Emotional labor on Burnout and Subjective wellbeing. The result shows (1) there is a significant positive relationship between Emotional labor and Burnout, (2) there is a weak negative relationship found between Emotional labor and Subjective wellbeing, (3) there is a significant mean difference in the Emotional labor, Burnout and Subjective wellbeing. From the above findings it can be concluded that emotional labor and burnout among female counselors were higher as compared to female teachers. Whereas subjective wellbeing of teachers was higher as compared to that of female counselors.
Akanksha Tiwari : Research Scholar – Amity Institute of Behavioral and Allied Sciences,Amity University, Gurgaon.
Sweta Saraff : Assistant Professor – Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata.
Rajesh Nair : Director – Amity Institute of Behavioral & Allied Sciences (AIBAS), Amity University, Gurgaon.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.14
Retirement Transitions and Anxiety among Bank Employees
By: C.G. Venkatesha Murthy , Deepthi Saligram
Page No : 533-544
The purpose of the present study is to assess the level of anxiety among Pre-retiree and Retired Bank employees at different stages of retirement among of 200 bank employees (100 Pre-Retiree and 100 Retired) from public sector banks. The State Trait Anxiety Test (STAT) by Sanjay Vohra (1993) was used to assess ‘anxiety’ among these employees. The analysis showed a significant difference between Pre-retiree and Retired employees with higher level of anxiety among Pre-retiree employees. There was a significant difference in the level of anxiety among the two groups of Pre-retiree (6 months & 3 years) employees in certain dimensions and no significant difference among the groups of retired (6 months & 3 years) employees within. Implications are discussed.
Deepthi Saligram : Research Scholar – University of Mysore, Mysore.
C.G. Venkatesha Murthy : Dean, Research Prof of Education Regional Institute of Education, (NCERT), Mysore.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.15
Loneliness, Perceived Stress on Emotional Maturity among Young Adults: A Mediation Analysis
By: Jeffy Aashee Reji , Kiran Babu N. C.
Page No : 545-554
The present study was an attempt to find the relationship between emotional maturity, perceived stress and loneliness among 18-25 years old young adults. The total sample of the study consisted of 200 young adults from Chennai, Bangalore Kottayam and Aluva. Emotional Maturity Scale developed by Singh and Bhargava (1988) was used to assess the levels of emotional maturity of the young adults. Perceived stress scale developed by Cohen et al., 1993 was used to measure the stressful thoughts and feelings of the participants. Emotional/Social loneliness scale Vincenzi and Grabosky (1987) was used to assess the level of loneliness of each of the respondents. A correlational research design was used in the present study. Pearson Correlation and regression analysis was used to find the relationship and impact of perceived stress and loneliness on emotional maturity. The results revealed an impact of perceived stress and loneliness on emotional maturity. Mediation analysis was also used to find the mediating effects of perceived stress, loneliness and emotional maturity and it was found that Perceived stress was partially mediating between Loneliness and Emotional maturity. The researcher attempted to bring awareness into the lives of individuals with low emotional maturity and at risk individuals to procure psychological well-being.
Jeffy Aashee Reji : Research Scholar – Department of Psychology, KristuJayanti College (Autonomous), Bangalore- 560077.
Kiran Babu N. C. : Asst.Professor – Department of Psychology, KristuJayanti College (Autonomous), Bangalore- 560077.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.16
Psycho-social Impact Psychological Concerns and Interventions “Academic Stress among College students during COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown”
By: Kavita Gupta
Page No : 555-561
During Lockdown situation, mostly in the college students, common feelings are fear of death, fear of being isolated, sense of meaninglessness, Anxiety have been observed. Moreover, the present Lockdown situation has shot up the Academic stress levels among college students where they are clueless about what to do next. The concept of Logotherapy can be very useful in alleviating the symptoms of Stress and Anxiety during COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown period. From a logotherapy perspective, it can be argued that meaning is an unconditional ‘potentiality.’ A low sense of meaning among students in the present crisis can lead to ‘existential frustration’ and/or the ‘existential vacuum’ (Frankl, 1978; Makola, 2007) thus inhibiting the pursuit of meaningful life. The Narrative literature review was conducted in order to, find the management solution for reducing Academic stress among college students. By Critically evaluating the literature surrounding Logotherapy, some analysis was done. Though, there is a dearth of literature and evidences in context of Logotherapy effectiveness in reducing the Academic stress of students, yet it lays down the foundation for empirical studies to be conducted in future. Moreover, a Logotherapy-based Psycho-educational model (Conceptual Framework) could be taken into consideration.
Kavita Gupta : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat (INDIA).
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.17
Motivation for Self Regulated Health Care Behavior during COVID 19 among IT Professionals
By: Sweta Saraff , Malabika Tripathi
Page No : 563-574
COVID 19 has gripped India leading to increased screen time and sedentary lifestyle among IT professionals. Online health portals are now platforms to provide a positive autonomy supportive environment for a healthy lifestyle. The current study was conducted to assess the association of perceived competence and perceived autonomy support from online health professionals for self-care behavior of dieting and exercising among IT employees during COVID19. Snowball sampling was used to collect data from 274 IT employees through google forms after assurance of confidentiality and informed consent. Based on responses to standardized questionnaires, strong correlation between health care behaviors, perceived competence, and perceived autonomy support of health care professionals and significant group differences in gender were found. Perceived self-competence and autonomy support of health care professionals has a significant positive impact on self-regulated health care behavior of dieting and exercising.
Meera Iyer : AIPAS, Amity University Noida, Uttar Pradesh (INDIA).
Sweta Saraff : Assistant Professor – AIPAS, Amity University, Kolkata.
Malabika Tripathi : Assistant Professor – AIPAS, Amity University, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.18.02.6
Emotional Intelligence in College Students
By: Achala Menon , Preeti Nakhat
Page No : 575-587
Emotional Intelligence is the ability to know and manage one’s emotions. It is also about being able to handle relationships with empathy. Emotional intelligence can bring personal as well as professional success. The main aim was to know the emotional intelligence in college students. ‘Emotional Intelligence in College Students’ can be challenging as the students are in their teenage and can be indecisive about things. The tool used for this paper is Emotional Intelligence Scale by Anukool Hyde, Sanjyot Pethe, and Upinder Dhar and the sample population of this research is from the age group of 17-22 and 100 students filled the questionnaire. This tool is a five point Likert scale and has 34 questions. After collecting the data, analysis was done using Excel. Results show that 9 out of 100 people have Average level of Self-Awareness whereas the other 91 have high level of Self-Awareness. This shows that more people are self aware and are quite aware about the decisions they are making. 23 out of 100 people have average level of Emotional Stability whereas the other 77 have high Emotional Stability. 9 out of 100 people have average level of Self-Motivation and the other 91 have high level of Self-Motivation.
Achala Menon : BA/BBA (Hons.) – School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
Preeti Nakhat : Assistant Professor of Psychology – United world School of Liberal Arts & Mass Communication, Karnavati University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.19
Sleep Practices of iGen: The Quantitative Analysis Along with Suggestive Techniques
By: Preeti Nakhat , Surbhi Sanghvi
Page No : 589-597
Sleep Practices of iGen: The quantitative analysis along with suggestive techniques. Importance of quality sleep is often neglected in today’s generation. Many college going students are sleep deprived due to various reasons and possess poor sleep quality. Sleep deficiency can be the root cause of inefficient performance in dayto-day life. The standardized tool Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was utilized to discover the quality of sleep of 330 volunteered subjects. Analysis was done as per the explanation in the manual as well as by Microsoft excel. From the diverse data collected, 61.15% of the students suffered from poor quality of sleep. Of the 61.15%, 67.22% of the times the subject had poor sleep quality due to staying away from home. More than half of the males and females (67.40% and 65.51% resp.) have trouble having good quality sleep. A century ago, the sleep patterns were very different from that we observe now. Apparently, high competitiveness, stressful lifestyle, irregular sleep times, over thinking and many other factors contribute to the change in sleep patterns. Usage of social media and gadgets at night is also very prevalent and a significant factor in reducing the quality of sleep. Self-awareness and control over mind and thoughts help live a better life. Following a regular sleep schedule helps set the biological clock and improve sleep quality.
Preeti Nakhat : Assistant Professor Psychology – United world School of Liberal Arts and Mass Communication, Karnavati University.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.20
Perspective on Challenges of Making Safety a ‘Way of Life’ in Indian Society
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 599-608
How to make safety a way of life, whether this objective is a myth or reality? This paper is an exploration in this direction involving 540 HSE professionals using focused group discussions/interviews and webinars.Implications are drawn toward this objective as well as reflections on the existing safety culture and its challenges and solutions thereof. Hopefully, this exploratory effort would help nearing the objective.
He earned Masters degree in Psychology from Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar; PhD from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai; served the SNDT Women’s University and Central Labour Institute, Mumbai for >28 years; represented India in Conferences at New York, Berlin, Muscat, Rome, New Zealand, Japan, London, Dubai and Sydney; and an Editor of the Journal of Psychosocial research.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.21
Emotional Regulation and Cognitive Flexibility in Young Adults
By: Susmita Halder , Surabhi Ghosh
Page No : 609-617
Young adulthood is viewed as a time of growth, development, and uncertainty. Generally, time and again young adults get through stress as they get used to the responsibilities that come with functioning, living, and working in the real world. Impulsivity and poor decision-making capacities often become apparent in young adulthood. Emotion regulation can be delineated while the appliance through which individuals adjust their emotions to achieve a desired outcome. Studies ground in that maladaptive emotion regulation strategies are an important role in the development and maintenance of psychopathology; vary with self-regulation goals during periods of emotional distress. Cognitive flexibility is the human ability to adapt the cognitive processing strategies to face new and unexpected conditions in the environment and can play a role in proper emotional regulation ability. Present study examined the relationship between cognitive flexibility and emotion regulation in 30 young adults in the age range of 18-25 years of both sexes. Emotional Regulation Questionnaire and neuropsychological test were administered to assess the domains. Finding suggests that there is a significant relation between Emotional Regulation and Cognitive Flexibility in young adults and most of the young adults are using cognitive reappraisal in emotional regulation process.
Surabhi Ghosh : M. Phil. Trainee Clinical Psychology – Department of Clinical Psychology,Amity University Kolkata, West Bengal.
Susmita Halder : Associate Professor – Department of Clinical Psychology,Amity University Kolkata, West Bengal.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.22
Impulsive Attitude: An Empirical Study on College Students
By: Preeti Nakhat , Urja Jobanputra
Page No : 619-627
The objective of the study is to know the level of impulsiveness of students studying in a graduate program. Impulsive behaviour is a mental reaction seen in people who react without preparation. Impulsiveness can be a personality trait or a major disorder component. The objective is to determine whether socio-demographic factors such as the environment, gender, and age affect the impulsive behaviour of students. This research studies the impulsiveness of college students and how they react to different situations such as someone screaming at them or suddenly getting money. A total of 246 undergraduate students completed Dr. S. N. Rai and Dr. Alka Sharma’s questionnaire “Impulsive Scale.” Further analyses were carried out with regard to the socio-demographics. This study gives an idea of how to deal with undergraduate students. The results show that over 40% of students are moderately impulsive, which is acceptable. Only 0.8% of students were very high impulsive and 0.8% are very low impulsive. We also found, that students studying in the undergraduate program, whether with or away from their parents, have average or moderate impulsivity. The researchers strongly feel that the students of other states can also be considered while studying the behaviour. Students pursuing a different degree of studies such as under graduation, post-graduation, doctoral, etc. can be compared and their impulsiveness can be a comparative analysis.
Urja Jobanputra : Student, BA/BBA – School of Liberal Studies, PDPU, India.
Preeti Nakhat : Assistant Professor Psychology – United World School of Liberal Arts & Mass Communication, Karnavati University, Gandhinagar, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.23
Self-Compassion, Wellbeing and Collective Family Efficacy of Women: An Intergenerational Study
By: Vaishali Milind Bendre
Page No : 629-637
Self-compassion in older adults is associated with wisdom, coping and wellbeing due to past life experiences. For many people it has been observed that life’s difficulties enhance the meaning of life when set within a spiritual context. This intergenerational study was conducted to investigate self-compassion, wellbeing, and collective family efficacy of middle aged and older women. With the growing interest in holistic health and well-being, the mental, physical, and spiritual wellbeing scale was selected to measure well-being. 32 middle aged women and their mothers from Pune city (N=64) participated in the study. The findings of the study indicate that older women are more self-compassionate, have better well-being than middle aged women. No significant difference was found between the study groups on family factors and physical well-being.
Vaishali Milind Bendre : Visiting faculty – Psychology Department, MIT WPU, Pune
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.24
Factors Influencing Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety among Undergraduate Students
By: Asoke Kumar Saha , Noor Muhammad , Bijon Baroi , Zakiya Sultwana , Razina Sultana
Page No : 639-649
The present study investigated the factors affecting foreign language speaking anxiety among undergraduate students who are staying in Dhaka city of Bangladesh. The main objective of the study was to find out whether foreign language speaking anxiety varied among undergraduate students in terms of residential area, socioeconomic status, parental education and occupation. A total of 100 first year students from ten departments of Jagannath University in Dhaka were selected as participants based on some criteria for avoiding extraneous effect. To measure speaking anxiety, Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) was used and to collect the socio-demographic factors personal information form was used. The analysis of data was done by applying appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics including independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA using SPSS version 23. The main impact of socio-demographic factors was found among undergraduate students. It has been found that, there were significant differences in foreign language speaking anxiety among different levels of residential area, socio-economic status, parental education and fathers’ occupation. But no significant differences in mother’s occupation on foreign language speaking anxiety of under graduate students were found. The implications of these findings for theory, research, and practice are discussed.
Bijon Baroi : Lecturer – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka.
Zakiya Sultwana : MSc. – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka.
Razina Sultana : Associate Professor – Department of Social Work, Jagannath University, Dhaka-1100.
Noor Muhammad : Professor & Chairman – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100.
Asoke Kumar Saha : Corresponding Author, Professor – Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.25
Personality and Paranormal Belief: A Study Among University Students
By: Pradeep Kumar , Satvinder Singh Saini , Rajni Sharma , Krishan Kumar
Page No : 651-660
Present study was designed to explore the relationship between five factors of personality and eight types of paranormal beliefs among university students. To realize the main objective of the study, Neo-Five Factor Inventory (Costa and McCrae, 1992) and Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (Tobacyk, 2004) were administered on a sample of 100 Post Graduate Students. Total sample comprised of 58 male and 42 females with the age range between 20 to 28 years and mean age of 23.5 years. Data was obtained following the ethics prescribed in respective manuals, and analysed by applying descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation and Principal Component Factor Analysis. Descriptive statistics reveal the normalcy of data distribution except some minor discrepancies. Coefficients of correlation depicted that factors of personality and types of paranormal beliefs have significant relationship among them. Neuroticism has marked positive association with Traditional Religious Belief; Extroversion correlated positively with PSI and Extraordinary Life Forms; and Openness to Experience yielded positive association with Extraordinary Life Forms. Rotated factor matrix extracted the four factors with respective % of variance 29.96, 14.82, 10.46 and 8.89, and eigenvalues of 3.60, 1.78, 1.26 and 1.07. Only Traditional Religious Belief loaded positively with Neuroticism on third factor. Other three factors not support the significant relationship between measures of personality and paranormal beliefs. In conclusion, persons high on Neuroticism tend to be high on Traditional Religious Beliefs.
Pradeep Kumar : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Central University of Haryana, Mahendragarh.
Satvinder Singh Saini : Play Therapist – Department of Psychiatry, PGIMER, Chandigarh.
Rajni Sharma : Play Therapist – Department of Paediatrics, PGIMER, Chandigarh.
Krishan Kumar : Corresponding Author, Assistant Professor – Department of Psychiatry, PGIMER, Chandigarh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.26
Political Leanings in India and Identity: A Correlational Study
By: Shriyambhara Bajpai , Pooja Jaggi
Page No : 661-674
People presumably make political judgments based on what is important to them, and look to aspects of their selves in order to make political decisions. This research investigated the relationship of identity orientations with political leaning. We hypothesised that identity orientations will be significantly correlated with political leaning. Data was collected from 100 participants between the ages 18 to 35 years in Delhi-NCR, of which 50 participants leaned towards the political right and the other 50 towards the left. The Aspects of Identity questionnaire was used to measure their identity orientations. Results showed that collective identity was found to be associated with a right political leaning (p< .001). This suggests that people’s political leanings are related with the way they view and define their selves. People on the political right placed more importance on defining themselves through the groups or social categories they were a part of than those on the left. This study has implications for discourse around polarising issues and is a step towards making social policy decisions that cater to the needs of groups along the political spectrum. In the current political scenario policy issues pertaining to group identity may be most prominent in the prevailing discourse and a valuable field of research, such as nationalism or anti-immigrant sentiment.
Pooja Jaggi : Assistant Professor – (Teacher-in-charge, Nodal Officer PMSS Admissions), Department of Psychology, Mata Sundri College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110002. Shriyambhara Bajpai : Student – Department of Psychology, Mata Sundri College for Women, University of Delhi-110002.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.27
Loneliness and Social Support of Separated and Widowed Women: In Relation to Mental Health
By: Aastha Jain , Sarika Boora
Page No : 675-682
Losing a life partner is like uprooting a tree which is fully grown. The roots that held the tree in its place, don’t stay with the tree anymore, makes the dead tree lifeless and fragile. An Indian woman is worshipped as a goddess and on the other hand has to face negative remarks and attitude by people after she separates from her husband, or becomes a widow. The aim of the study was to investigate the “LONELINESS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT OF SEPARATED AND WIDOWED WOMEN: EFFECT ON MENTAL HEALTH”. A sample of 25 divorced/separated women and 25 widowed women were selected through purposive sampling .The participants were taken from homes, family court and a non-government organisation situated in Delhi. The age range of the participants was from 20 to 50 years. A negative correlation of 0.70 came out between mental health and loneliness of divorced/separated woman, and a negative correlation of 0.71 came between that of widowed women. A positive correlation was computed between the mental health and social support of divorced/separated women and widowed women as 0.87 and 0.60 respectively. It was implicated that though the government has laws to prohibit practices like sati, but still they can take more steps at the ground level to enhance the reputation of the women who are separated from their husbands, or are widows.
She is currently the head psychologist and Director of Sambhrti-Centre for Mental Health which started in 2018. Prior to this she has worked with IGNOU, DU, GD Goenka Univ, Army Hospital R & R etc as Assistant Professor. She has also worked as consultant psychologist with ISIC, Park Hospital, Artemis Hospital. She has wide experience in academics, research alongwith hospital experiences as psychologist.
He is currently working in the field of psycho-oncology with a pan India organisation, Cankids...Kidscan. She also conducts trainings for psychology students and fellow mental health professionals. Her passion lies in the field of clinical psychology and research. She has also qualified NET.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.28
Getting the Monkey Off Your Back: Teen Perceptions of Substance Abuse among their Peers in Delhi
By: Vrinda Kaushik
Page No : 683-697
Teen substance use has been a growing problem in many parts of the world. India is no exception. Due to the ease of access of illicit substances in Delhi, teens in this city are particularly susceptible to substance abuse. The purpose of this research study was to explore Indian adolescents’ perceptions of the factors that influence substance abuse amongst their peers in Delhi through a mixed-method research approach. An online survey was used to gather the respondents’ quantitative ratings of the extent of substance abuse among their peers and their perceptions of the contributing factors. The regression analysis identified Familial Relationships, Social Pressures (peers and social media), and Ease of Availability as the statistically significant factors. The respondents’ responses to open-ended questions further showed a mutually reinforcing interaction of these factors. Many considered the root of the problem to lie in the quality of familial relationships characterised by weak parent-adolescent relationships due to poor communication and an overemphasis on academics and achievements at the expense of emotional wellbeing. This in turn leads to the teens’ excessive reliance on their peers for validation and support. In their desire to ‘fit in’ and experience a sense of belonging, which is also reinforced by the collectivist orientation of Indian societies, these teens are then at high risk of falling prey to substance abuse, particularly in a highly-urbanised city like Delhi. The findings of this research study provide invaluable insights that could be translated into practical measures such as parental training programmes, family intervention therapy, media campaigns, school- and community-based programmes, and youth-centric services at substance de-addiction centres.
Vrinda Kaushik : DPS International, Saket, New Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.29
How can Businesses Leverage Data Analytics to Influence Consumer Purchase Journey at Various Digital Touchpoints?
By: Sunanda Kaila
Page No : 699-714
Consumer needs and behaviors change rapidly as they are exposed to information anywhere, at any time; the constant inflow of news about your friends’ lives, politics, global affairs, and the general overload of media create distractions day in and day out. The consumer purchase journey now than ever is hugely getting influenced by the various digital touchpoints. Consumers are switching between various online platforms before making a purchase decision. For business, the challenge is how to show up at all of these moments. This paper, is based on the qualitative methods using group discussions, and field surveys that included a total of about 120 people who were approached through remote data collection techniques. These research participants had already implemented digital marketing and data analytics in their businesses. This paper discusses the consumers linear and non-linear journey and how various digital touchpoint affect their decision-making process of a consumer. Further the paper discusses the finding from a survey done with marketing professions on Data analytics and the 3C as Consumer, Channel and Content, to understand whether or not data analytics and its implementations on the 3C’s help business in influencing the consumer journey at various touchpoints and how businesses can leverage Data analytics while planning marketing strategy.
She is a Digital Marketer and Founder of the blog “The Gentleman’s Style”. Her areas of expertise are in Retail sale & marketing and Customer relationship management backed by, profound 7 year’s of work experience in company’s like Raymond Apparel limited and Aditya Birla fashion and retail limited. She has Master’s degree in Fashion Business Management from University of Westminster, UK and a PG Certificate in Digital marketing from MICA.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.30
Developing Social Skills among Individuals with Intellectual Disability using Positive Behavior Intervention and Support
By: Wasim Ahmad , Nazli , Kumari Mamta
Page No : 715-723
Background: Good social skills help the individuals to make relationship easy in the community. Individuals with intellectual disability have limited ability to learn social skills due to sub normality of intelligence. Thus, there is need to train them for social skills either by their family or by their teachers in the schools. Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports (PBIS) is one of the effective methods to improve social skills among individuals having inappropriate behavior. Objective: To find out the effect of PBIS on developing social skills among individuals with intellectual disability. Sample: Twenty individuals with intellectual disability were selected and randomly divided in to two groups (Control n=10, Experimental n=10). Design: It was a pre test, post-test control group design. Tool: Social Skills Questionnaire (TEACHER) developed by Spence (1995) was used to collect the data during pre and post tests. Results: Significant difference in the mean of control and experimental group has been found. The PBIS was found to be effective. Significant difference with regard to gender and age was noticed. Conclusion: There was a significant effect of PBIS in learning social skills by children with intellectual disability.
Kumari Mamta : M.Ed. Scholar Special Education (Intellectual Disability) – Govt. Rehabilitation Institute for Intellectual Disabilities (GRIID), Chandigarh, India.
Wasim Ahmad : Assistant Professor Special Education (Intellectual Disability) – Govt. Rehabilitation Institute for Intellectual Disabilities (GRIID), Chandigarh, India.
Nazli : Assistant Professor Cum Course Coordinator Special Education (Intellectual Disability) – Government Rehabilitation Institute for Intellectual Disabilities (GRIID), Chandigarh, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2020.15.02.31
Jan-2019 to Jun-2019
Personality Profile of Alcohol Dependence Syndrome Using Rorschach Exner’s Comprehensive System
By: Suresh Kumar , Sarath S.S , Rajeev Kumar. N.
Page No : 1-14
Personality of addictions received much attention with in conclusive results. Present study is an attempt to fill this gap using a projective test. A 50 ADS patients and demographic characteristics matched control subjects recruited. Administered Demographic proforma, MAST, GHQ-12 and Rorschach Ink-blot tests (RCS). On analysis it is found more than the half of the Rorschach variables differ between groups. A poor control over stress with poor affect and self-perception pointing towards addiction.Analysis also gave much information regarding alcohol personality dynamics such as their poor coping ability, self-perception, affective regulation etc.
Suresh Kumar : Assistant Professor and Head – Department of Clinical Psychology, Composite Regional Center for Persons with Disabilities, MSJ & E, Government of India, IMHANS Campus, Medical College PO, Kozhikode, Kerala-673 008.
Rajeev Kumar. N : Professor and Director – School of Behavioral Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala-686 560, S. India.
Sarath S.S : Consultant Clinical Psychologist – Government District Hospital, Palakkad, Kerala-678 001
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.1
Ethical and Legal Constraints in Psychotherapy
By: Prachi Sanghvi , Smita Pandey
Page No : 15-22
Ethics are codes of conduct regulating an individual or a profession. Ethical issues that occur from time to time are often complicated, multidimensional and do not have definite solutions at all times. The areas in which clinical psychologists face ethical and legal challenges today include professional competence, informed consent, confidentiality, boundary issues, psychometry, e-therapy, termination, documentation, research ethics and forensic participation. To enhance ethical behaviour, a system needs to be developed by which therapists can be held answerable for their actions. They must have knowledge of ethical guidelines and incorporate it into routine practice.
Prachi Sanghvi : RCI registered Clinical Psychologist – Institute of Behavioural Science, Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, pursuing PhD in Clinical Psychology from NIMHANS, Bangalore.
Smita Pandey : Assistant Professor – Institute of Behavioural Science, Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.2
Psychosocial Problems of Children with Intellectual Disability: A Brief Overview
By: Pradeep Kumar , Aishwarya , Rishi Panday
Page No : 23-29
Parenting style of intellectual disable (ID) children is more challenging in comparison to normal children. Parents’ attitude to dealing with children and level of parenting stress is different because parents of mentally retarded children face more complexity in life and difficulty regarding rearing of a child and face different type of psycho-social problem. Aim of the study is to provide information and aware the parents of children with ID for enhancing quality of life as well as their positive mental health. Methodology used is Literature search of both electronic databases including PubMed and manual searches. Conclusion is that the professionals can help the parents to cope with the crisis by behavior modification technics, examining the resources of the Family, including role structure, emotional and financial stability and can help them to deal effectively with the situation.
Pradeep Kumar : Consultant, Psychiatric Social Work Unit, State Institute of Mental Health. PGIMS, University of health sciences, Rohtak.
Rishi Panday : Ph.D Scholar (UGC, JRF), Department of social work, Jamia Milia Islamia University, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110025.
Aishwarya : Clinical Psychologist, Student Wellness Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.3
A Comparative Study of Beliefs and Attitude Towards Menstruation among Urban and Rural Postmenarcheal Adolescent Girls of Delhi NCR
By: Kavita Gupta , Shraddhesh Kumar Tiwari , Ashok Kumar Patel
Page No : 31-40
In Indian Society, Menstruation is considered as a myth and taboo due to which restrictions are being imposed on them in their family leading to negative attitude towards menstruation. In view of the importance of beliefs & attitude towards menstruation, the present study was undertaken in Delhi NCR with an aim to assess the effect of socio-economic demographics on menstrual beliefs and attitude among 200 (100 urban; 100 rural) school going Postmenarcheal adolescent girls in the age group of 13 to 18 years studying in class 9th to 12th by administering Postmenarcheal Adolescent Menstruation Attitude Questionnaire (AMAQ). As a result, it was observed that there existed a significant difference in menstrual beliefs and attitude, mother’s educational level and occupation status, and family type and socio-economic status of family of urban and rural Postmenarcheal adolescent girls with p < 0.05.
Kavita Gupta : M.A. Clinical Psychology – Indira Gandhi Open University, New Delhi, India.
Ashok Kumar Patel : Clinical Psychologist – Mental Health unit, District hospital, Balrampur, U.P. India271201
Shraddhesh Kumar Tiwari : Post Doctoral Fellow – Department of Psychology, Dean Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur. (UP), India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.4
Personality as a Predictor of Risky Driving Behaviour
By: Jayasankara Reddy , Indrajeet J. Bhosale
Page No : 41-51
Driving in India has become a skilful activity in which one can’t neither correlate nor predict the other driver’s significance. The purpose of this study was to identify whether personality played a role in predicting a person’s aggressive thoughts while driving which may result in risky driving behaviour. The short version of NEO Inventory-3 was used to assess the personality traits (McCrae, Costa, Jr, & Martin, 2005) and Deffenbacher Driver’s Angry thoughts questionnaire to measure risky driving behaviour. A total of 120 samples were collected from Pune and Bangalore. The results showed that Extraversion was an important predictor of risky driving behaviour (? = -.238) and also a good predictor for Pejorative labelling and Verbal Aggressive Thinking (? = -.252). Also males were found to have more aggressive thoughts, and thus engaged more in risky driving behaviour than females. Implications of the results and directions for future research are discussed.
Indrajeet J. Bhosale : Student Researcher, M.Sc.(II) Clinical Psychology – Christ (Deemed to be University) Karnataka
Jayasankara Reddy : Associate Professor, & M.Phil/ Ph.D. Coordinator, Department of Psychology, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Hosur Road, Bangalore - 560 032, Karnataka, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.5
Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Management of Psychosocial Factors in Female Infertility
By: Susmita Halder , Megha Choudhary
Page No : 53-62
Infertility is one of leading cause of distress in couples and can be caused by difficulties in either or both the spouse. However, along with the physical changes individual’s psychosocial parameters are affected as well. Studies have shown denial, anger, depression, anxiety, loss of control, guilt, low self-esteem, marital discord, interpersonal difficulties, and sexual dysfunction occur in association in majority of infertility cases which impact the mental health of individuals more than the primary cause itself. Thus, the aim of this study is to reduce the impact of these associated symptoms and improving overall well-being of individuals. In this study two female cases with infertility and associated symptoms were included and a psychotherapeutic package including therapeutic assessment, CBT, psychoeducation, supportive psychotherapy, assertiveness training and spouse counseling was done over span of 12 sessions. CBT helped in identification of cognitive errors, negative automatic thoughts and faulty core beliefs and techniques like thought challenging, explanation of cognitive triad, along with behavioral experiments and relaxation techniques showed improvement in interpersonal difficulties, self-perception, affective stability, improved marital and sexual intimacy, and higher acceptance of male causes of infertility. Thereby making it essential to incorporate psychological treatment modules for medical conditions such as infertility as well.
Megha Choudhary : PhD Scholar – Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Institute of Psychiatry. Ranchi.
Susmita Halder : Associate Professor – Department of Clinical Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.6
Adjustment and Parental Involvement as Predictors of Academic Achievement of Adolescents
By: Krishnarao Gangolu
Page No : 63-72
Research in the past has demonstrated that high school students are in a distinct phase of life. From Literature it is a period of 13-19 years of an individual’s life. It is a period of stress and storm and also rapid social expansion. These stages are a period of storm and stress and identify formation. Some causes of ineffective study that consequent to poor Academic achievement in high school students. Student performance is well done if the parents involvement is good. Students will be able to achieve personal adjustment.
Krishnarao Gangolu : PhD., Counseling Psychologist – Andhra Loyola Institute of Engineering & Technology, Vijayawada-520008, Andhrapradesh, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.7
A Study on the Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Creativity of the Undergraduate Students in Kolkata
By: Malabika Tripathi
Page No : 73-80
This research aims to understand the nature of emotional intelligence (EI) in undergraduate students with respect to the five domains of Self Awareness, SelfRegulation, Motivation, Social Awareness, and Social Skills, to analyze the significance of the relationship between emotional intelligence and creativity of the sample and gender wise difference with respect to emotional intelligence and creativity. The sample was selected using the convenient sampling method. Torrance’s test of Creativity and Singh’s Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire were administered on 100 undergraduate students enrolled in various courses across Kolkata. Obtained data were analyzed, the results indicated that there exists a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and creativity among undergraduate students in Kolkata. The mean difference between males and females regarding emotional intelligence and creativity was found to be non-significant.
Malabika Tripathi : Assistant Professor – Department of Applied Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.8
Journey of Behaviour Based Safety in India: An Overview
By: Harbans Lal Kaila
Page No : 81-94
Indian safety culture suffers between the choices of compliance and compromise. The journey of safety cultural mindset assessments and management has not been smooth rather painful for the safety officers as well as the companies employing them, as the focus was not on the human behaviour that is the root cause of almost all incidents and accidents harming both the people and the business. This article is an update about how the behavioral based safety approach developed in Indian organizations, in brief, a description about the journey of BBS in India. The results of a few organizations are described that implemented BBS and found the transformation in order to achieve a level up towards their zero-harm culture. Corporate Insights would helporganizations attaining mission of zero-harm.
Harbans Lal Kaila : Founder Director – Forum of Behavioural Safety, Mumbai, Professor of Psychology (retd.) SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai & Advisor & Professor Emenities, Shri JJT University, Rajasthan.
DOI : DOI No. : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.9
De-institutionalization and Community Reintegration of Homeless Mentally ill: A Retrospective Study
By: Pradeep Kumar , Vikash Ranjan Sharma , Ajit Nagar , Amit Soni , Rajiv Gupta
Page No : 95-102
Homeless mentally ill (HMI) people are a major social and public health concern worldwide. HMI people also represent a unique problem in developing countries like India in the context of treatment, medico-legal & rehabilitation issue. The Deinstitutionalization and their Community reintegration has not much research been carried out. The aim of study was to study process of De-institutionalization and reintegration of the HMI into the community. This is retrospective review of case record file of HMI people, who were admitted at the State Institute of Mental Health, Rohtak, Haryana from the period of Jan 2014 to August 2018. The process of community reiteration was carried out by four (4) steps: (i) Enrollment for Aadhar Card (ii) Applied unstructured In-depth interview techniques using regional language for gathering qualitative information (III) Application of information communication technology like, multimedia, Google map, mobile phone, internet etc., for trace out their address (iv) Communication with local police, Zila Parishad and Gram Panchayat to reach the family members. Forty Six HMI people were admitted in the Institute in last 4 years, out of which 31 (69%) were reintegrated into the community, 23 (50%) were reintegrated into the family residing in different states of the country (India) & 8 (17%) were shifted to the government/non-governmental organizations. Primary health and support for HMI is a major public policy challenge. The findings of the study show some strategies, which can help to reintegrate these people into the community. The process of reintegration of these into the community is a difficult task; we have planned to involve various stages, which helped us to reintegrate these people into the community.
Pradeep Kumar : M.Phil, Ph.D, Psychiatric Social Worker – State Institute of Mental Health, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana-124001.
Vikash Ranjan Sharma : M.Phil, Psychiatric Social Worker – State Institute of Mental Health, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana-124001
Ajit Nagar : MBBS, Medical Officer – State Institute of Mental Health, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana-124001.
Amit Soni : MD, Medical Officer (psychiatrist) – State Institute of Mental Health, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana-124001.
Rajiv Gupta : MD, Director-cum-CEO – Institute of Mental Health, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana-124001
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.10
Impact of Eve Teasing on Men and Women in Bangalore: A Phenomenological Exploration
By: Aakhansha Varghese , Neha Parashar
Page No : 103-111
In India, the word sexual harassment is used as an umbrella term for any harassment be it physical or verbal harassment (‘eve teasing’ or ‘Street harassment’). This study aims to determine the impact eve teasing has on Men and Women in Bangalore, who undergo this experience directly or indirectly. Men too go through sexual harassment on the streets and this study throws light on those issues including women’s struggles. The qualitative study was done with 10 participants with the help of semi- structured interview. Thematic analysis was chosen for the analysis of the study.
Aakhansha Varghese : 45, Tadkeshwar Society, Abrama, Valsad-396001, Gujarat.
Neha Parashar : Assistant Professor – Sampurna Institute of Advanced studies, Bangalore.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.11
A Comparative Study of Personality, Stress and Coping in Females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Normal Healthy Females
By: Ushri Banerjee , Chilka Mukherjee
Page No : 113-122
The present study investigated whether there is any difference between females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and normal healthy females with respect to their personality, stress and coping. A set of questionnaires consisting of a detailed information schedule, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Neo Five Factor Inventory, Daily Hassles Checklist and Ways of Coping Questionnaire were administered to 32 females with PCOS and 32 normal healthy females (n=64). The mean GHQ score of the PCOS group (6.75) was found to be higher than that of the normal group (2.53) indicating greater general well-being amongst the control group as compared with the PCOS group.No significant difference was found between the two groups with respect to their personality, stress and coping. However, the mean Neuroticism score of the PCOS group fell in the ‘High’ range whereas that of the normal group fell in the ‘Average’ range. The mean daily hassles score was higher in the PCOS group and their mean scores of active as well as passive coping indicate that they use both types of coping strategies to a greater extent than the normal group.There is no significant difference between females with PCOS and normal healthy females with respect to their personality, stress and coping.
Chilka Mukherjee : Research student – Department of Applied Psychology, University of Calcutta. 92 APC Road, Kolkata-700009
Ushri Banerjee : Assistant Professor – Department of Applied Psychology, University of Calcutta. 92 APC Road, Kolkata-700009.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.12
Gender Differences in Visual Scanning, Response Speed and Sustained Attention
By: Nida Fathima , Nidha Nourin , Rasha Salam , Farisha. A.T.P
Page No : 123-131
Psychology of gender is a significant field that has attracted a number of researchers. It was evidence based that there is gender difference in various dimensions like behaviour, emotions, cognition etc. Although a number of researches have been done in these areas, gender difference in the miniscule aspects of cognitive ability has not received much attention. Moreover, it doesn’t need substantiation that cognitive abilities strongly determine our performance and achievements. The present study considers three basic elements of cognitive abilities, namely visual scanning ability, response speed and sustained attention and tries to identify the gender difference in these cognitive skills among a sample of 53 graduate students in Kannur district (male = 23 and female= 30). Man-whitney U test was used to analyze the data as the data doesn’t fulfills the normal distribution criteria. Result shows that there is significant difference in two tasks whereas there is no difference in 3 tasks between males and females. This difference can be generalized after further research with a larger sample and wherein extraneous variables that could have caused such a result can be controlled.
Farisha. A.T.P : Assistant Professor – Department of Psychology, Wadihuda Institute of Research and Advanced Studies, Kannur University, Kerala
Rasha Salam : Student – Department of Psychology, Wadihuda Institute of Research and Advanced Studies, Kannur University, Kerala
Nidha Nourin : Student – Department of Psychology, Wadihuda Institute of Research and Advanced Studies, Kannur University, Kerala.
Nida Fathima : Student – Department of Psychology, Wadihuda Institute of Research and Advanced Studies, Kannur University, Kerala.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.13
Career Decisiveness of Indian College going students – A Psychosocial Study
By: Preeti Nakhat , Neeta Sinha
Page No : 133-140
Career plays an indispensable role in shaping one’s outlook to life. It is important for the students to know the career opportunities. With the aim to comprehend career certainty of college students, a study was conducted. Survey research method was employed and the tool used was “Career decision scale” by Samuel H. Osipow. The study included 197 college students. Statistical analysis of the data collected was done using SPSS software and Microsoft excel. The results showed a weak negative correlation between parents’ income and career decisiveness whereas a weak positive correlation between number of siblings and career decisiveness.
Preeti Nakhat : Assistant Professor, Psychology – Karnavati University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat. India.
Neeta Sinha : Assistant Professor, Psychology – School of Liberal Studies, PDPU, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.14
Impact of Dressing and Make up in Girls
By: Thiyam Kiran Singh , C.S. Gautam , Ishita Roy Chowdhury , Samiksha Manchanda , Pooja Sharma
Page No : 141-148
The sample consisted of 60 girls in the age range of 16 to 35 belonging to urban and rural areas in Chandigarh. For the purpose of the study, a semi structure questionnaire was prepared in Likert scale form. The questions were related to various aspects regarding dressing and makeup. The results showed statistically significant difference between the two groups with regards to reason of preference, time spent on make-up, money invested in makeup, happy if praised by other, feel insulted if praised by others, boyfriend, and financial support from boyfriend.
Thiyam Kiran Singh : Associate Professor (Clinical Psychology) – Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh.
C.S. Gautam : Professor – Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh.
Ishita Roy Chowdhury : M.Phil. (Clinical Psychology) trainee – Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh.
Samiksha Manchanda : M.Phil. (Clinical Psychology) trainee – Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh.
Pooja Sharma : M.Phil. (Clinical Psychology) trainee – Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.15
Psychological Management of Anxiety in Post-Haemorrhoids Surgery
By: Prachi Sanghvi , Biswajit Dey
Page No : 149-155
Haemorrhoids are the most common disorders of anus and rectum. The pain and discomfort associated with these problems give rise to psychological and emotional disturbances in the patients. For many, surgery itself is considered to be a critical life event. They may experience substantial amount of anxiety during hospitalization for surgery and they develop various psychological complications at post surgery period also. The associated anxiety and other negative mood states have effects on their interpersonal relationships, psychosocial functioning and overall their quality of life. This case study reports the utility of cognitive behaviour therapy as a psychological intervention in the management of anxiety in post-haemorrhoids surgery. The use of psychological intervention was found to be effective in reduction of anxiety, amelioration of symptoms and improved the related functioning of the patient.
Prachi Sanghvi : RCI registered Clinical Psychologist and currently PhD Scholar of Clinical Psychology at NIMHANS, Bangalore, India.
Biswajit Dey : Assistant Professor, M Phil. Clinical Psychology – Institute of Behavioural Science, Gujarat Forensic Sciences University (GFSU), Gandhinagar-382001, Gujarat, India
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.16
Coping Strategies among Undergraduate Students of Darbhanga, Bihar
By: Ranjana Singh
Page No : 157-162
This study was conducted to explore the difference in use of coping strategies undergraduate students (Boys and Girls) of Darbhanga district of Bihar. 300college students (150 male/150 female) Participants were approached conveniently from different colleges of Darbhanga region. Coping scale of Singh and Ghosh (2004) was used. Findings indicated that there were significant differencesin the use of coping strategies among male and female students in different dimensions of coping.
Ranjana Singh : Asst Professor – K.S. College, L.N. Mithila University, Darbhanga, Bihar-846004
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.17
Effectiveness of Pranic Healing on Mental Health
By: Kavita Gupta , Shraddhesh Kumar Tiwari , Ashok Kumar Patel , Suprabha Srivastava
Page No : 163-168
It has been acknowledged that various complementary and alternative therapies are commonly used in community settings in India. Pranic therapy is a seminal and ground breaking work that attempts to bridge the gap between the mind, the physical body, and the human energy system by using the Principle of Self-Recovery and Life Force. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of Pranic Healing Therapy on mental health. 42 female undergraduate students of Dev Sanskriti University, Haridwar (Uttarakhand) actively participated in Pranic Healing Therapy. Mental health scale (Sharma, 1996) was administered in pre and post study (gap duration of one month). The findings of the study reveal that pranic healing therapy has a significant effect on mental health.
Suprabha Srivastava : Senior Research Fellow – Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
Ashok Kumar Patel : Clinical Psychologist – Mental Health Unit, District Hospital, Balrampur, U.P., India- 271201
Shraddhesh Kumar Tiwari : Post Doctoral Fellow – Department of Psychology, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, U.P., India
Kavita Gupta : M.A., Clinical Psychologist – Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, India.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.18
Professional view of ASD Children and Parent
By: Disha Shah
Page No : 169-179
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is now increasingly being recognized in India. However, little is known about the challenges of professional working with a child with ASD. This research is aimed to describe the various feelings of a therapist about the ASD child and their parents. The factors that discourage parents to discontinue therapies. Total 47 professional (Psychologist, special educator, occupational therapist, speech therapist) were asked for their opinions/treatment strategies on how they manage a child with ASD. The key findings suggest that psychological counselling for parents is required at least every month. The home program should be practised and shared among the parents. Professionals also feel that parents are inconsistent in their approach towards the therapy.
Disha Shah : Research Scholar – JJTU, Rajasthan
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.19
In Group and Out Group Perceived Discrimination in Students of different Social Categories
By: Dhananjay Kumar , Shraddhesh Kumar Tiwari
Page No : 181-190
The aim of the study was to explore the effect of social categories discrimination treatment on in group and out group perceived discrimination. Discrimination behavior is a prejudicial treatment of individual based on his/her membership or perceived membership in certain group or category (Correll et al., 2010). 360 participants (120 general category, 120 other backward category and 120 scheduled caste/scheduled tribe category) were participated. This research paper is a part of post doctoral research project. Perceived discrimination data was used in this research paper. One way repeated measure ANOVA and one way between group ANOVA were utilized. It was found that in group members reported lower level of perceived discrimination than out group members. Scheduled caste/scheduled tribe category members reported highest score on general category discrimination treatment. Each social category discrimination treatment effect was perceived by three social categories. Category effect in perceived discrimination was found significant for general category and scheduled caste/scheduled tribe category discrimination treatment. Between group effect of perceived discrimination in three social categories was found significant for general and other backward category discrimination treatment but not for scheduled caste/scheduled tribe categories discrimination treatment.
Shraddhesh Kumar Tiwari : Post Doctoral Fellow – Department of Psychology, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University.
Dhananjay Kumar : Professor – Department of Psychology, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University Gorakhpur.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.20
Psychosocial Aspects of Parents having Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder with and without Co-Morbid Conditions
By: Prashant Srivastava , Vani Narula
Page No : 191-199
Having a child with developmental or psychological problems is always stressful for their parents who are taking care of them, even when the child is a grown up person, which would cause a constant incompatibility of parents with their child’s disability. These parents, other than bearing financial pressures, are always facing emotional pressures such as feeling ashamed or feeling guilty, poor quality of life. This paper was aimed to compare the psychosocial aspects among parents having children with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) with and without co-morbid conditions. 60 Samples (30 parents having children with ASD with co-morbid conditions and 30 parents having children with ASD without Co-morbid conditions) were included who were qualified the inclusion and exclusion criteria based on Purposive Sampling technique. In present study hospital based cross sectional design was used and they were evaluated on Perceived Stress Scale and WHOQOL-BREF. The result revealed that there were significant differences found in Psychosocial aspects of parents having children with ASD with and without Co-Morbid Conditions. Result suggests that high stress and poor quality of life was found among parents having children with ASD with co-morbid conditions as compared to parents having children with ASD without co-morbid conditions.
Prashant Srivastava : Dept. of Psychiatry, Kalpana Chawla Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Karnal, Haryana-132001.
Vani Narula : Associate Professor – Dept. of Social Work, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.21
The Relationship between Social Skills and Perceived Smartphone Usage
By: Rageshwari Munderia , Rajbala Singh
Page No : 201-210
Social skills play an instrumental role in individuals’ life. It helps individuals to communicate and maintain social relationships. Presently, smartphone has completely changed the mode of social communication, and social skills may play a crucial role in this regard. Thus, the aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between social skills and perceived smartphone usage (both positive and negative usage). The perceived negative usage of smartphone has been assessed in terms of smartphone addiction. Sample of the present study comprised of (n=509) adult participants. Pearson’s product moment correlation (r) and multiple regression was employed to assess the relationship between proposed variables. Findings of the study demonstrated that social skills were significantly related with both perceived positive usage of smartphone and smartphone addiction. Social expressivity and emotional control emerged as significant predictors for both positive usage of smartphone and smartphone addiction. The findings of the study may have important implications for bringing awareness among the individuals regarding the role of social skills for effective usage of smartphone as well as for future researches in this direction.
Rageshwari Munderia : Research Scholar – Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur-302 031
Rajbala Singh : Associate Professor – Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur-302 031,
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.22
Youth Violence: A Discrepancy between Police Personnel and Youth
By: Suresh Kumar , Sapna Yadav
Page No : 211-222
The study explores the discrepancy between the perception of police personnel and youth perceived analysis of factors that cause aggression and violence among youths. In view of the aim of study a data were collected from 94 police personnel and 94 youths by using youth aggression and violence checklist developed by the researcher. Post Hoc multiple comparisons analysis shows a significant difference between perception of police personnel and youths about violence antecedents on the issue of gender discrimination (t=.87, p<.001), lack of freedom (t=.82, p<.01), and physical punishment (t=.55, p<.05) in determining youth violence. The present study also indicates the difference between the perception of male and female regarding human right violation as one of the factor of youth violence. In the factor analysis, six factors (accounted 62.48 percent of variance) such as antisocial behavior, trivial information overload, unorganized resources, social evils, vulnerable disposition, and situational factors emerge to define the youth violence. These findings of the study could help security forces to understand the perspective of youth and to design preventive strategies at policy making level to manage and control the youth violence.
Suresh Kumar : (M.Phil, PhD) Scientist - Defence Institute of Psychological Research.
Sapna Yadav : Research Scholar – Institute of Psychological Research.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.23
Excessive Social Media use and its Association with Depression and Rumination in an Indian Young Adult Population: A Mediation Model
By: Romita Mitra , Madhavi Rangaswamy
Page No : 223-231
Social media related research has explored a plethora of issues about wellbeing. Studies from the west have shown that there is a significant relationship between social media use, depression and that increased usage can be a risk factor for developing symptoms of depression. The present study examines the relationship between social media overuse, depression and rumination in a sample of young adults. Data was collected from 264 participants. The results revealed a significant positive correlation. Mediation analysis revealed that rumination mediated the relationship between social media addiction and depression.
Romita Mitra : Post Graduate Student – Department of Psychology, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Hosur Road, Bengaluru-560029, Karnataka (India)
Madhavi Rangaswamy : Associate Professor – Department of Psychology, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Hosur Road, Bengaluru-560029, Karnataka (India)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.24
Moral Compass, Positive and Negative Affect as Factors of Grit and Zest Among Students
By: Shivangi Agrawal , Nadeem Luqman
Page No : 233-243
The present investigation is to examine the way in which morality, positive affect and negative affect plays a necessary and integral role in intuitive moral responses, reflective judgments and as factor of grit and zest. For this 240 participants of first and final year undergraduate and post graduate students both male and female were recruited from age range between 18- 25 years. Standardized tools were used for data collection for the respective variables. The qualitative and quantitative methods were used to collect and analyze the collected data. However, thoughts distortions, judgment and more reflective thought processes likewise play a crucial role, and in fact are inseparable from affective processes. Hence, the variable proved to be having a serviceable impact on grit and zest of the students in various aspects.
Shivangi Agrawal : Student – Amity University, Haryana.
Nadeem Luqman : Associate Professor – Dept. of Psychology, IILM University, Gurugram, Haryana.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.01.25
Page No : 245-247
Jul-2019 to Dec-2019
Does Spirituality Work as a Buffer in Suicide: A Systematic Review
By: Rekha Wagani , Freyana Shinde
Page No : 249-256
This is a review of specific literature on the themes surrounding suicidal ideation and if spirituality can help prevent these ideations among young adults. Suicidal ideation (SI) may be linked to an increased risk of making plans and suicide attempts. The objectives are to determine if spirituality can help in the prevention of these recurring self-harming thoughts. In addition, the lack of national research on suicidal ideations can contribute to the invisibility of the theme when establishing health promotion and treatment programs.
Freyana Shinde : Research Scholar
Rekha Wagani : Ph.D Psychology
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.1
Combating Mental Illness: Psychosocial Realities
By: Meenu Anand
Page No : 257-265
Living with mental illness poses multifarious challenges to the persons who experience it. They not only face the physiological symptoms but also have to battle various odds in their larger societal relationships as well as in their intimate relationships. The current paper unveils various psychosocial challenges faced by persons with mental illness. It delineates how social stigma excludes them from the mainstream society and systematically blocks them. The paper also recommends few eclectic strategies with respect to respecting human rights of individuals with mental illness and creation of an enabling environment.
Meenu Anand : Assistant Professor – Department of Social Work, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.2
Impact of REBT Training on the Self Confidence of Confidence of Corporate Sector Employees
By: Mayurika Das Biswas
Page No : 267-273
The purpose of this study was to find out if self-confidence of corporate sector employees can be increased to a significant level by introducing the treatment factor which is REBT training. The corporate sector spends millions on training its employees on self-confidence as a part of leadership programs. This study attempted to find out if REBT training can increase self-confidence of the participants. The study involves a repeated measures experimental design; the results indicate that REBT training leads to an increase in self-confidence score of the participants.
Mayurika Das Biswas : PhD. Scholar pursuing PhD. in Psychology from Shri JJT University.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.3
Connor Davidson Resilience Scale and Flourishing Scale: Translation and Cultural Adaptation in Malayalam language
By: Aswini S , Amrita Deb
Page No : 275-283
Research in the area of resilience and flourishing has gained considerable popularity under the influence of the positive psychology (PP) movement. However, several measures that assess these indicators of positive human functioning were developed in English and were intended for use among the English speaking population. In order to use these successfully in other cultural contexts, culturally adaptation of these questionnaires is necessary. This study was conducted to translate and culturally adapt the English versions of the Flourishing Scale (Diener et al., 2010) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (Connor and Davidson, 2003) to Malayalam language following the World Health Organization’s (2016) guidelines. Alpha scores for both measures were considered satisfactory. The applicability of the translated questionnaires for the target population was found to be acceptable. Thus the translated versions may be considered as a contribution towards PP measures.
Aswini S : PhD Scholar (Psychology) – Department of Liberal Arts – Indian Institute of Technology, Telangana-502285
Amrita Deb : Associate Professor of Psychology – Department of Liberal Arts – Indian Institute of Technology, Telangana-50228
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.4
Relationship Satisfaction and Body Image: A Comparative Study between Transgender and Non-transgender Population
By: Prashant Srivastava , Vani Narula , Kavya Ahuja
Page No : 285-294
Background: Transgender people experience their gender identification as extraordinary from the intercourse which turned into assigned to them at starting. Aim: The purpose of the study was to compare transgender and non -transgender population on the variables relationship satisfaction and body image. Method: A population of 25 transgender and 25 non-transgender individuals participated in the study for this and were recruited from Delhi NCR. The participants completed a measure of Relationship scale questionnaire and Dresden Body Image questionnaire. Result: The result reveal that there is no significant difference in any variable among transgender population when compared to non- transgender population based on the analysis of data done by using Independent Sample t-test. Conclusion: Efforts to boom body image satisfaction in transgender people are therefore warranted, as it can make contributions to greater high quality of relationship satisfaction.
Vani Narula : Associate Professor – Dept. of Social Work, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.
Kavya Ahuja : MSc Clinical Psychology Scholar, Amity University Gurugram, Haryana
Prashant Srivastava : Psychiatric Social Work – Dept. of Psychiarty, Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College and Hospital, Karnal, Haryana.
A Journey Back to Home: Reintegrating and Rehabilitating of an Unknown
By: Manisha Kiran , Upendra Singh , Sweta
Page No : 295-302
During the stay at the psychiatric hospital patients are on medication and are involved in rehabilitation program. However, individuals with psychiatric disorders face stigma, discrimination and unemployment when they are discharged from hospital. Thus, reintegration of psychiatric patient becomes important for the treating team. Thus, the study aimed at rehabilitating and reintegrating an unidentified individual diagnosed with psychiatric disorder admitted to psychiatric hospital. As a result with the help of treating team and local resources (police, village leader) rehabilitation was accomplished in community. Hence, regular attempt and positive attitude of helping hands can reduce reintegration challenges for persons with mental illness.
Upendra Singh : Lecturer. Dept. of PSW – Central of Excellence in Mental Health, PGIMER-DrRMLH, New Delhi, India.
Sweta : Assistant Professor – Dept. of Clinical Psychology, IMHH Agra, UP
Manisha Kiran : Associate Professor & Head – Dept. of PSW, RINPAS, Kanke Ranchi.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.6
Catatonic Schizophrenia a Rare and Curious Disease: A Clinical Case Study
By: Prashant Srivastava , Savita Chahal , Arzu Ahlawat
Page No : 303-310
Catatonic schizophrenia is a subtype of schizophrenia that includes extremes of behavior. At one end of the extreme the patient cannot speak, move or respond and there is a dramatic reduction in activity. The present study aims to explore the course of catatonic schizophrenia and to assess the effectiveness of catatonicschizophrenia management in alleviating the symptoms associated with catatonic schizophrenia and to improve the client’s overall functioning. Research design followed is Case study. This study was carried out in Karnal at KCGMC and 35 years old unmarried male was included. The treatment plan was formulated according to psychotherapeutic management in which different techniques were utilized to improve the client’s associated schizophrenic behavior and his beliefs. Findings of the assessment showed a significant change in overall functioning. Psychosocial management techniques successfully changed his dysfunctional beliefs and remarkably improved his overall functioning. On the basis of the results shown in the report, it can be determined that psychosocial management is an effective approach to treat catatonic schizophrenia.
Arzu Ahlawat : Bachelor’s in Psychology – Lady Sri Ram College for Women, Delhi University, Delhi.
Prashant Srivastava : Psychiatric Social Worker, Dept. of Psychiatry, Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College and Hospital, Karnal, Haryana
Savita Chahal : Assistant Professor and Head – Dept. of Psychiatry, Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College and Hospital, Karnal, Haryana.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.7
Development of Mysore Triguna Scale–Short
By: C.G. Venkatesha Murthy , Shilpa Datar
Page No : 311-318
The authors have developed the Mysore Triguna Psychological Personality Assessment Scale and published it in 2012. This scale assesses the Trigunas, namely Sattva, Rajas and Tamas and their combinations in people. This scale is being used to assess and understand personality in different areas. The authors are not from the domain of Ayurveda or Philosophy but are from the domain of Psychology. There are some constructs that are not amenable for psychological testing which have been ignored in the original scale. The original scale had 63 MCQ type of questions. Since it is long, and is online, there was a need to develop a shorter version of the scale for limited use and for application in research areas where online use may not be possible. Hence a shorter version of the original scale was developed with just 15 MCQ type of questions selected from the original 51 questions through rigorous empirical and statistical analysis. The present paper describes the methodology and the results of the same.
Shilpa Datar : Swayam Personality Assessment, Bangalore.
C.G. Venkatesha Murthy : Professor – Department of Education, Regional Institute of Education (NCERT), Manasagangotri, Mysore—570 006.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.8
Attention Profiles of Young and Middle Aged Adults: A Comparative Study
By: Susmita Halder , Shreya Manot , Akshat Chowdhury
Page No : 319-326
Attention is the ability to focus selectively on a stimulus, sustaining that focus and shifting it as well. Attentional processes serve various functions in the organization of our perceptions and other cognitive functions. Between 3% and 6% of the adult population have symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder that interfere to some degree with their day to-day vocational, social, and family functioning. Detecting attention problems in adults is particularly important because people with it may have poor psychosocial outcomes including higher rates of school failure, incarceration, work instability, and substance abuse and higher levels of comorbid psychiatric disorders. Thus the investigation purports to find out the attention profile of young adults and middle aged adults. The present study is cross sectional and included 100 individuals, divided into two subgroups of young (18 – 25 years) and middle aged (36 – 45 years) adults. Neuropsychological tests were administered to find out the attention profile of both the groups. Results indicated that the middle aged adults group performed significantly better than the young adults group with respect to digit symbol substitution test and digit vigilance test, while the young adults group performed significantly better on the digit span test as compared to the middle aged adults group. Thus it can be concluded that there tends to significant difference in the attention profiles of young adults and middle aged adults.
Susmita Halder : Associate Professor – Department of Clinical Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata.
Shreya Manot : MPhil Trainee of Clinical Psychology – Amity University, Kolkata.
Akshat Chowdhury : Counselling Psychologist – Directorate of Education. Delhi
DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPR.2019.14.02.9