Nagarlok - Quarterly Journal of Urban Affairs

Published in Association with Indian Institute of Public Administration

Current Volume: 55 (2023 )

ISSN: 0027-7584

Periodicity: Quarterly

Month(s) of Publication: March, June, September & December

Subject: Social Science


Nagarlok, a quarterly journal of Urban Affairs, is recognised under the UGC- Care list Group 1. It emphasis research and scholarly analysis on a range of urban themes: Urban life, metropolitan systems, city regions, urban planning and development, urban infrastructure, urban economy, urban environment and sustainability and urban policy. With a cutting-edge approach to linking theoretical development and empirical research, NAGARLOK encompasses key material from an unparalleled ranged of critical, comparative and geographic perspectives.

Director General, IIPA and Editor
Surendra Nath Tripathi

Joint Editor
Kusum Lata

Associate Professor
(Urban and Regional Planning) CUS,
IIPA, New Delhi

V.N. Alok

Professor, Urban Finance
IIPA, New Delhi

P.S.N. Rao

Professor, Housing School of Planning and Architecture
New Delhi

Charru Malhotra

Professor, e-Governance & ICT IIPA,
New Delhi

O.P. Mathur

Professor, Urban Governance Institute of Social Sciences
New Delhi

Sachin Chowdhry

Associate Professor
Public Administration IIPA,
New Delhi

K.K. Pandey

Professor, Urban Management IIPA,
New Delhi

Amit Singh

Assistant Professor
Urban Development IIPA,
New Delhi

Hitesh Vaidya

Director, NIUA

Copy Editor
Usha Jha


Volume 55 Issue 3 , (Jul-2023 to Sep-2023)

Reviewing the First Settlements

By: Sakshi Sahni , Rawal Singh Aulakh

Page No : 1-16

The first humans appeared about 300,000 years ago and were called homo sapiens. As these appeared on the earth, requirement of food and shelter grew and thus the requirement of first settlement. This research paper tries to explore the various concepts given by a number of authors in different areas across the globe that contributed to the development of first settlements. The authors have tried to cover through some notable settlements in Middle East like Catal Huyuk in Southern Turkey, Nabta Playa in Egypt and Jericho in West Bank region of Middle East. The research type is exploratory with focus on literature from well-known authors like Smith (2009), and anthropologists like Mellaart (1967), Kenyon (1956), Wendorf and Schild (1998, 2001). The settlements have been studied in terms of various parameters like population, housing, religion, occupation, art and pottery, etc. In the discussion, some similarities or common features and differences among the settlements have been noted by the researchers.

Authors :
Sakshi Sahni : Assistant Professor, Guru Ram Das School of Planning, Guru Nank Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India.
Rawal Singh Aulakh : Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Guru Nank Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India.


Price: 500

Spatial Analysis of Basic Infrastructure and Smart Facilities in Dharamshala City of Himachal Pradesh

By: D.D. Sharma , Naina Sambher

Page No : 17-32

Basic amenities and smart facilities are relevant for economic growth and development of cities in a sustainable manner. These facilities play a dominant role in the urban and rural societies because of complexity of human and environment corresponding with population density, lack of resources and rich socio-economic strata. To study average spatial concentration of basic urban amenities, Average Ward-Wise Composite Score (A.W.C.S) and Municipal Composite Score (M.C.S) have been calculated in Dharamshala Smart City focusing on a quantitative approach. To analyse the spatial distribution of smart facilities, and enhance sustainable development of the city, a GPS survey was conducted. Kotwali Bazar is Central Business District of the city while Mcleodganj is a well-developed tourist destination comprising both basic infrastructure and smart facilities. The most appreciated smart works are construction of root zone treatment plants, eco-tourism parks, and smart ducts to name a few. Rooftop solar power plants have been developed as an alternative means for electricity and very high concentration of the facilities has also been found in the wards.

Authors :
Naina Sambher : Research Scholar, Department of Geography, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, India.
D.D. Sharma : Professor of Geography, Himachal Pradesh University and Former Vice Chancellor, Sardar Patel University, Mandi.


Price: 500

Spatial Aspects of a Secondary City: Change Detection and Index-based Built-up Assessment for Jorhat

By: Namita Sharma , Syeda Rijwana Yasmin

Page No : 33-53

Land use planning has emerged as a cornerstone of modernism and the application of geospatial technologies has laid the groundwork for the rejuvenation of the decisionmaking process. The present research aims to evaluate the changes in the spatial patterns of landscape mosaics, with a primary focus on the built-up environs in Jorhat, an upcoming secondary city of Assam. The study also highlights one of the most conspicuous challenges of secondary cities, i.e., the proliferation of slums. LANDSAT 7 (2002) and 9 (2022) satellite data were used for Land Use Land Cover (LULC) and change detection which was obtained from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) earth explorer. The Index-based Builtup Index (IBI) has been used for urban extraction. The accuracy assessment results of LULC classes were discovered to be extremely good for both years (i.e. Kappa coefficient >80%). Over the past two decades, paddy cultivation has registered a decline from 701.12 sq. km. in 2002 to 438 sq. km. in 2022. On the other hand, the built-up area has registered an increase from 77.84 sq. km. in 2002 to 168.29 sq. km. in 2022. Moreover, this study has shown that the IBI has a strong negative correlation with water and vegetation. The slum pockets were identified and growth was traced. Such findings on the built-up area holds tremendous implications for the future of urban planning exercises.

Authors :
Namita Sharma : Research Scholar (Ph.D), Department of Geography, Gauhati University, Assam, India.
Syeda Rijwana Yasmin : Department of Geography, Gauhati University, Assam, India.


Price: 500

Adapting Remote Sensing Technique to Study the Changes in the Spatial Cover and the Urban Temperatures – A Case Study of Indore City, Madhya Pradesh

By: Prajakta Rahate , Rama U Pandey , Kakoli Saha

Page No : 54-64

The urban areas are over-expanding to their permissible spatial limits to accommodate the increasing population. This has also brought about an increase in the allied sectors of grey infrastructure along with the massive modifications in the current land uses. The rapid conversion of the green and agricultural land into built-up areas is an observation due to these changes. The consequent effects of such changes and haphazard growth have led to changes in the climatic conditions, such as an increase in the urban temperature levels, unforeseen weather switches, and unpredictable seasonal changes, etc. The paper attempts to study the changing trends in the land use-land cover (LULC) sectors and its relative inter-relationship with the surface temperatures, for the Indore city of Madhya Pradesh (M.P.), India. The remote sensing technology is used to generate the land cover and the thermal maps and a comparative decadal analysis is done for the years 1996 and 2019. An approximate 3 to 5°C increase in the surface temperature is observed from the analysis and the increase in the human-generated anthropogenic activities prevalent in those specific areas could be concluded as one of the major reasons of the expansion in the city’s heat island effect.

Authors :
Prajakta Rahate : Ph.D., Research Scholar, Department of Environmental Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal, (M.P.)
Rama U Pandey : Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal, (M.P.)
Kakoli Saha : Assistat Professor, Department of Environmental Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal, (M.P.)


Price: 500

Mobility App Usage and Transportation Preferences: A Latent Class Cluster Analysis of Smartphone Users of Bhopal, India

By: Sanjay Gupta , Kushagra Sinha

Page No : 65-82

With the rapid rise of information and communication technology (ICT), various smartphone-based transportation platforms in the form of apps have emerged, with the potential to totally revolutionise mobility through more advanced multimodal platforms like, for example, Mobility as a Service. However, in order to incorporate these new mobility services in a systematic manner, it is essential to investigate the characteristics of current smartphone users as well as their transportation preferences. Against this background, this research paper utilised latent class cluster analysis to empirically investigate the characteristics of current smartphone users in the city of Bhopal and their transport usage patterns by categorising them into three latent clusters based on a comprehensive set of variables like socio-economic characteristics, smartphone app usage, transportation usage, and attitudes and preferences. Cluster 1 consists of users with low app usage and higher usage of public transport and intermediate public transport; Cluster 2 consists of multimodal users with high app usage; and Cluster 3 consists of users with moderate app usage and heavy reliance on private vehicles.

Authors :
Kushagra Sinha : Ph.D., Scholar, Departmet of Transport Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi, India.
Sanjay Gupta : Professor, Departmet of Transport Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi, India.


Price: 500

Parking Spaces viz–a-viz Healthcare Facilities in Jalandhar City

By: Sakshi Sahni , Ar. Mridula Sharma , Ravi Inder Singh

Page No : 83-103

The purpose of this article is to study and analyse the problems caused by excessive number of healthcare facilities in Jalandhar City. Jalandhar City is the city with maximum number of healthcare facilities in Asia. A sample is selected from the large set of hospitals in the city with the help of stratified random sampling technique. The field surveys are undertaken around the sample set of hospitals to understand the ground situation. Optimum number of parking spaces are not provided for the visitors by the hospital authorities and it has also been observed that a significant number of healthcare facilities do not have adequate parking spaces as per the parking norms mentioned in respective guidelines and bylaws. Encroachments by vehicles of visitors are visible on roads and also on the private properties of residents around the healthcare facilities.

Authors :
Ar. Mridula Sharma : Ph.D., Research Scholar, G.R.D. School of Planning, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, 143005, Punjab, India.
Ravi Inder Singh : Assistant Professor, G.R.D. School of Planning, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, 143005, Punjab, India.
Sakshi Sahni : Assistant Professor, G.R.D. School of Planning, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, 143005, Punjab, India.


Price: 500

Performance Evaluation of the Management of Community Dogs in Himachal Pradesh: A Case Study

By: Deepak Sharma , Begi Ram

Page No : 104-116

Street dogs live in proximity with humans, and therefore, have frequent interactions with them. The rising population of these community dogs and their interaction with humans has increased the various risks to the society and themselves as well. There are about 62 million community dogs in India wandering on the roads. Apart from their existence and dignified right to life, their interaction with humans has resulted in danger of getting several tropical diseases like rabies. In India, there are about 20,000 rabies cases of total 59,000 world cases which account about 36 per cent of the total world cases of rabies due to which Asia is also known as rabies capital. Against this backdrop, the management of community dogs has become pertinent in the present time. Therefore, to protect humans from any form of tropical diseases caused by these community dogs, it is pivotal to ensure compliance of policy framework and animal birth control rules formulated by the Government of India. The present study evaluates policy and its implementation by the local government in Himachal Pradesh, India.

Authors :
Deepak Sharma : Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, ICDEOL- Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, India.
Begi Ram : Junior Research Fellow, Department of Public Administration, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, India.


Price: 500

Book Review
A to Z of Sustainable Development A.K. Jain, Bookwell
( Delhi ISBN: 978-81-952900-1-7, Rs. 1995/, p. 326

By: ..

Page No : 117-119

Price: 500

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