Journal of Polymer Materials : An International Journal

Current Volume: 40 (2023 )

ISSN: 0973-8622

e-ISSN: 0976-3449

Periodicity: Quarterly

Month(s) of Publication: March, June, September & December

Subject: Chemistry

DOI: 10.32381/JPM

550

Journal of Polymer Materials An International Journal is published quarterly (4 issues per year), which covers broadly most of the important and fundamental areas of Polymer Science and Technology. It reports reviews on current topics and original research results on synthesis of monomers and polymers, polymer analysis, characterization and testing, properties of polymers, structure-property relation, polymer processing and fabrication, and polymer applications. Research and development activities on functional polymers, polymer blends and alloys, composites and nanocomposites, paints and surface coatings, rubbers and elastomeric materials, and adhesives are also published.

Clarivate Analysis(Web of Science)
Scopus
EBSCO
ProQuest
Genamics (JournalSeek)
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS),
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
Indian Citation Index
SJR 2015/2016 Impact Factor in SCI is 0.377

 

Chairman and Editor-in-Chief
Sukumar Maiti

Subarnarekha, J-23 Bidhannagar,
Midnapore 721101, West Bengal,
India


Editor
Swapan Kumar Dolui

Department of Chemical Sciences,
Tezpur University, Tezpur-784028,
ndia.


Co-Editor
Dibyendu S. Bag

Polymer Science Division,
Defence Materials and Store Research and Development Establishment
DMSRDE Post Office, Kanpur-208013, India.


Editorial Board
Charles E. Carraher

Florida Atlantic University, USA


Ben Zhong Tang

Hongkong University of Science & Technology


Tamaki Nakano

Hokkaido University, Japan


Advisory Board
A. Kumar

Tezpur University


Amitabha De

SINP , Kolkata


Asim K. Ghosh

BARC, Mumbai


C. P . Reghunandhan Nair

VSSC, Thruvanthapuram


C.V. Avadhani

NCL, Pune


Cedric Gaillard

NIAR, France


Dilip Kumar Kakati

Gauhati University


H. B. Bohidar

JNU, New Delhi


Jude O. Iroh

University of Chincinnati, USA


K. C. Gupta

 IIT Roorkee


L. Lapcik

Tomas Bata University, Czech Republic


Manoranjan Patri

NMRL, Ambernath


Mariatti Jaafar

Universiti Sains Malaysia


P. H. Parsania

Saurastra University, Rajkot


P. P. Wadgaonkar

NCL, Pune


Pradip Kumar Dutta

MNNIT, Allahabad


Pranesh Chowdhury

Visva Bharati University


Sabu Thomas

 Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam


Susanta Banerjee

IIT Kharagpur


V . K. Gupta

Reliance Industries Ltd, Mumbai


Volume 40 Issue 1-2 , (Jan-2023 to Jun-2023)

Mini Review on PEDOT:PSS as a Conducting Material in Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices Applications

By: Tae Gwang Yun , Byungil Hwang , Chunghyeon Choi , Heebo Ha , Hyungsub Yoon

Page No : 1-17

Abstract
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS), one of the conducting polymers, is widely used as a conducting material in various applications. PEDOT:PSS possesses high electrical conductivity, optical transparency in visible light range, good chemical and physical stability in ambient state, etc. Furthermore, PEDOT:PSS offers the advantages of flexibility and possibility of solution-based process, which makes it suitable for use in flexible electronic devices. In this mini review, the applications of PEDOT:PSS as a conductive parts in energy harvesting and storage technologies are discussed and summarized.

Authors :
Hyungsub Yoon, Heebo Ha, Chunghyeon Choi and Byungil Hwang

School of Integrative Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Republic of Korea

Tae Gwang Yun
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Myongji University, Yongin, Gyeonggi 17058, Republic of Korea.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.1

Price: 251

Bioactivity of Nanohybrid: Comprising of Metallosalen Incorporated into Lacunary Polyoxometalate and Encapsulated with Chitosan Biopolymer

By: Pradip Kumar Dutta , Vinay Kumar Singh , Shiva Arun , Prabha Bhartiya

Page No : 19-31

Abstract
Biocompatible polymer chitosan has note-worthy applications in biomedical science. Nanohybrids synthesized by using chitosan as an encapsulating unit for polyoxometalates (POMs) and study of its biomedical applications is a fast-emerging field. In this research work, a lacunary polyoxometalate (?-K8SiW11O39) has been synthesized and then alkylsilane has been inserted into its lacunary position. It has been then reacted with 2-hydroxy-1-naphtaldehyde followed by copper metalation and finally encapsulated into chitosan by using the ionotropic gelation technique, in which the chitosan and the POM served as cation and anion, respectively. The bands in UV-Vis spectra at characteristic wavelength indicate that the organosilane is successfully inserted into ?-K8SiW11O39 and metalled with Cu. Then its encapsulation into chitosan to synthesize final nanohybrid has been confirmed by UV-Vis spectra. Further, chitosan, POM inserted with organosilane and nanohybrid have been characterized by FT-IR. EDX analysis reveals the presence of all the expected elements in their desired ratios. EDX study was further supported by Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) technique. Morphology of nanohybrid has been studied by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) imaging. The loading and entrapment efficiency of the prepared nanohybrid was exceptionally excellent and was calculated to be 81.2% and 59.1%, respectively. In vitro drug release study suggested sustainable and pH-modulated release behaviour of the nanohybrid. Further, it is the first time that an organosilane attached to lacunary POM, then metalated with Cu and finally encapsulated into CS has been investigated for drug delivery. The antibacterial activity of POM inserted with organosilane and nanohybrid have been tested against bacterial strains of B. subtilis gram (+)ve and E. coli gram (-)ve. The antibacterial activity of nanohybrid has been improved as compared to bare POM inserted with metallated organosilane and chitosan.

Authors :
Shiva Arun and Vinay Kumar Singh

Department of Chemistry, Dr. Shakuntala Misra National Rehabilitation University, Lucknow-226017, India.

Prabha Bhartiya
Department of Chemistry, Sant Ganinath Government PG College, Muhammadabad Gohna, Mau-276403, India.

Pradip Kumar Dutta
Department of Chemistry, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Prayagraj-211004, India.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.2

Price: 251

Acrylic Finished Leather Upgraded with Thermoplastic Polyurethane Filament using 3D Printing – A New Generation Hybrid Leather of Synthetic and Natural Polymer

By: Sivaraj Sudhahar , Umamaheswari G , Jaya Prakash Alla , Raghava Rao Jonnalagadda , Suguna Lakshmi , Sanjeev Gupta

Page No : 33-45

Abstract
Leather manufacturing process involves a lot of waste disposal which pollutes environment, some of the processes are inevitable. In the present investigation, 3D printing technology was used to reduce the wastage and to cover defective regions in leather. The present study focuses on synthesis of acrylic binder using emulsion polymerization technique. These binders were analysed for solid content for better optimisation of the amount of binder to be utilised for finishing operation. The experimental binder was prepared with 26% solids. Particle size and thermogravimetric analyses were carried out to understand the size and shape of the particles and their thermal resistance. These binders were used for leather finishing and the performance of leather was studied. Surface morphology changes of leathers were studied using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Wet and dry rub fastness, finish film adhesion, light fastness and organoleptic properties were studied and found to be superior compared with control leathers. The acrylic finished leather with minor defects was taken for 3D printing and designed using Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) as filament. The acrylic finished leather shows good adhesion for TPU and it results in numerous designs in short duration. The new additive was added to leather using 3D printing technology to produce a tailor-made valuable design without any waste disposal and chemical discharge. This invention may convert the rejected waste leather into valuable material and lead to the new generation hybrid leather for use.

Authors :
Sivaraj Sudhahar

Department of Leather Technology, Anna University, Chennai

Umamaheswari G
Department of Chemistry, College of Engineering Guindy Campus, Anna University, Chennai.

Jaya Prakash Alla
CLRI-Regional Centre Kanpur

Raghava Rao Jonnalagadda
Inorganic & Physical Chemistry Laboratory

Suguna Lakshmi
Polymer Science & Technology

Sanjeev Gupta
Centre for Human & Organisational Resources Development. CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Chennai.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.3

Price: 251

Preparation and Characterization of Self-crosslinked Acrylate Emulsified with Environmentally Friendly Surfactants

By: Lijun Chen , Xiaolong Che , Zheqing Gong , Conghui Xu

Page No : 47-58

Abstract
The self-crosslinking polyacrylate latex was prepared via the semi-continuous seed emulsion polymerization technology that methyl methacrylate(MMA) and butyl acrylate (BA)were used as the main monomers and hexafluorobutyl methacrylate (HFMA) and monobutylitaconate (MBI) were used as the modified monomers and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was used as the crosslinked monomer which were emulsified with the environmentally friendly mixed surfactant of the isomeric triethylene (9) ether (E-1309) and the lauryl polyoxyethylene ether sulfosuccinate disodium salt (MES-30). The resultant latex and its film is characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), laser particle sizer, contact angle determinator. The comparison of thermal stability between the resultant latex and conventional latex is carried out via the thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). Factors, which have an influence on the properties of the resultant latex and the emulsion polymerization, are studied in detail. Results indicate that the thermal decomposition temperature of the latex film was increased from 336.9 °C to 370.1 °C The contact angle of the latex film is 82.9 ° owing to the introduction of GMA and MBI.

Authors :
Conghui Xu, Zheqing Gong, Xiaolong Chen and Lijun Chen

School of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou No. 18, Chaowang Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P. R. China.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.4

Price: 251

Interface and Friction Properties of Copper-embedded Polyethylene Terephthalate Filament

By: Jean Yves Drean , Omar Harzallah , Foued Khoffi

Page No : 59-69

Abstract
The aim of this study is to analyze the interfacial and the frictional properties of copper (Cu) reinforced polyethylene terephthalate (PET) filament. This Cu-Embedded PET filament will be used as an information transmitter. This filament was prepared by a co-extrusion process. Mechanical properties of these filaments have been quantified by tensile and pull-out analyses. It is shown that the mechanical properties of composite filament were improved by adding the copper filament (from 0.82 to 1.2 GPa). The results of the pull-out test revealed some adhesion between the copper and the PET despite the existence of a slippage of the copper filament in the PET matrix. Regarding the variation of the maximum pull-out load, according to the embedded length, a linearity relationship is observed. Therefore, it can be assumed that the interfacial shear stress is constant over the embedded length. Filaments surfaces have been analyzed after friction with Scanning Electron Microscope. Experimental results show a satisfying wear resistance of filaments, even if friction is able to induce some structural modifications of the polymer surface.

Authors :
Foued Khoffi

Laboraty of Textile Engineering (LGTex), ISET Ksar-Hellal, University of Monastir, Tunisia

Omar Harzallah and Jean Yves Drean
Laboratoire de Physique et Mécanique Textiles (LPMT), ENSISA, Mulhouse, France
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.5

Price: 251

Impact on Mechanical Properties of Surface Treated Coconut Leaf Sheath Fiber/Sic Nano Particles Reinforced Phenol-formaldehyde Polymer Composites

By: Joseph Selvi Binoj , Bright Brailson Mansingh , Alamry Ali , K. L. Narasimhamu , K. C. Varaprasad , A. Radhakrishnan

Page No : 71-82

Abstract
Several agro-wastes are rich in natural fibers and finds scope to be used as reinforcement in composite industry. These natural fibers have some advantages over man-made fibers, including low cost, light weight, renewable nature, high specific strength and modulus, and availability in various forms worldwide. In this paper, the effect of surface modification of leaf sheath coconut fiber (LSF) (an agro-waste) reinforced in phenol formaldehyde matrix composites with silicon carbide (SiC) nano particles as filler material were investigated for its mechanical characteristics. The investigation portrays that coconut LSF (CLSF) modified with potassium permanganate reinforced polymer composite with SiC nano particles as filler material exhibited 18.86%, 22.54%, 10.72% and 15.43% higher tensile, flexural, hardness and impact characteristics respectively compared to the unmodified CLSF reinforced polymer composite. The results reveal that the surface modification treatment considerably increased the mechanical characteristics of the composite .

Authors :
B. Brailson Mansingh

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College (Autonomous), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

K. L. Narasimhamu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mohan Babu University (MBU), Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

K. C. Varaprasad
Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Sohar University, Sohar, Sultanate of Oman

J. S. Binoj
Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (SIMATS), Chennai- 602105, Tamil Nadu, India.

A. Radhakrishnan

Department of Information Technology, University College of Engineering, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, India

Alamry Ali
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering in Al-Kharj, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.6

Price: 251

Study of Ultraviolet Radiation Effect on the Mechanical Properties of Jute and Montmorillonite Nanoclay Reinforced Polyester Nanocomposites

By: P. Chandrasekar , S. Kumar , N. Venkateshwaran , S. Arulmurugan

Page No : 83-91

Abstract
In this research, the effect of UV light on the mechanical properties of jute polymer nanocomposites was evaluated. Due to the fact that photodegradation is a surface process and is confined to the degradation of the mechanical characteristics of polyester resin, this study focuses on the resin quality. Therefore, test samples comprised of fibre-reinforced polyester nanoclay composites were fabricated different weight ratios of nanoclay. They were put through UV exposure in an Ultraviolet (UV) chamber. Tensile testing samples were made in accordance with ASTMD638 and had a minimum thickness of 3 mm. Additionally, specimens for Flexural and Impact testing were also produced. Samples were treated at various time intervals under UV radiation and their mechanical properties were determined. The effect of nano additives in preventing the deterioration of polyester’s mechanical qualities was also investigated, and it was found that the addition of clay to polyester resin reduces the deterioration level by 19.86%, 9.38%, and 13.53% when compared to pure polyester resin’s tensile, flexural, and impact properties, respectively. The results demonstrated that samples containing nano additives were less susceptible to UV damage than that of the samples without nanoclay. This is because of the fact that when clay was added to the polymer, its platelets totally exfoliated and acted as barriers against the entry of UV radiation.

Authors :
S. Arulmurugan, N. Venkateshwaran, S. Kumar and P. Chandrasekar

Mechanical Engineering Department, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Tamil Nadu, India.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.7

Price: 251

Study of Galvanic Charging-Discharging Properties of Graphene Nanoplatelets Incorporated Epoxy-Carbon Fabric Composites

By: S. Parameshwara , Bommegowda K. B. , Gurumurthy G. D. , Hadimani Shivakumar

Page No : 93-103

Abstract
Polymer composites are increasing in demand in energy storage applications including in the electronic as well as electrical industries due to the ease of processing of these materials with associated advantages like light weight, corrosion resistance, and high mechanical strength. In this investigation, efforts are made to enhance the charging and discharging properties of epoxy/carbon fabric composite by the addition of graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) into the epoxy/ carbon matrix. The performance of the composites with graphene platelets of 0.5 to 5 wt. % in epoxy were characterized and 1wt.% percolation threshold was observed poor performance in gravimetric charge and discharge characteristics were observed. Based on the percolation threshold Epoxy-Carbon fabric (EC) composites and Epoxy-Carbon fabric with 1 wt. % of GNP (ECG1) composites were fabricated using a vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding technique. The electrochemical performance was studied using the Cyclovoltammetry test and 0.1 M of Na2SO4 as a supporting electrolyte. The Galvanostatic Charge-Discharge characteristics were carried-out for EC and ECG1 at a scan rate of 80 sec, 300 sec, 4000 sec with 2 runs and 8 runs. The composite EC didn’t not show GCD characteristics, but the symmetry of charge-discharge characteristics observed for ECG1 and same are discussed in this paper. These highly effective and excellent characteristics demonstrate that Epoxy-GNP-CF composites may be promising composites for practical energy storage applications.

Authors :
Hadimani Shivakumar and Gurumurthy G. D.

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Kalpataru Institute of Technology, Tiptur, Tumkuru, Karnataka, India.

Bommegowda K. B.
NITTE (Deemed to be University), Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte-574110, Karnataka, India

S. Parameshwara
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, The National Institute of Engineering, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.8

Price: 251

Chiral Copolymers of (R)-N-(1-Phenyl-Ethyl) Methacrylamide (R-NPEMAM) and 2-Hydroxy Ethyl Methacrylate (HEMA): Investigation of PhysicoChemical Behavior, Thermal Properties and Degradation Kinetics

By: Dibyendu S. Bag , Km. Meenu , Akansha Dixit , Shilpi Tiwari

Page No : 105-123

Abstract
In this paper, we report the microstructural investigation and influence of H-bonding on the thermal behavior e.g., glass transition (Tg) and thermal degradation of chiral copolymers of (R)- N-(1-phenyl-ethyl) methacrylamide (R-NPEMAM) and 2-hydroxy ethyl methacrylate (HEMA). The Tg increases with the increase of chiral unit content in the copolymers and then attains optimum at around 25 mole % of chiral content. Thereafter it decreases with the increase of chiral content. The effect of copolymer composition and secondary interaction associated with the H[1]bonding on the thermal properties of these copolymers was also studied. Secondary interaction, specifically H-bonding has been interpreted using FTIR analysis. The copolymers thermally degrade in three stages. The first and third stages of degradation are associated with the chiral comonomer (R-NPEMAM) whereas the second stage indicates the degradation due to HEMA unit present in the copolymer chain. The activation energies for these degradations of the copolymers have been evaluated using Flynn-Wall and Kissinger method.

Authors :
Dibyendu S. Bag, Shilpi Tiwari, Akansha Dixit and Km. Meenu

Defence Materials and Stores Research and Development Establishment (DMSRDE), G. T. Road, Kanpur-208013, India.
 

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.9

Price: 251