Indian Foreign Affairs Journal

Published in Association with Association of Indian Diplomats

Current Volume: 17 (2022 )

ISSN: 0973-3248

e-ISSN: 2229-5372

Periodicity: Quarterly

Month(s) of Publication: March, June, September & December

Subject: Political Science & International Affairs

DOI: 10.32381/IFAJ


Indian Foreign Affairs Journal, a peer reviewed quarterly publication of the Association of Indian Diplomats, attempts to provide an intellectually stimulating forum for the examination of various aspects of India's Foreign Policy. This Examination is undertaken by the experienced decision-makers, serious scholars, and seasoned analysts.

Genamics (JournalSeek)
Indian Citation Index (ICI)


Managing Editor
Achal Malhotra

Ambassador (Retd.) and Member,
Executive Committee, Association of Indian Diplomats, New Delhi.

Abdul Nafey

Professor (Retd.) School of International Studies, JNU, New Delhi

Copy Editor
Preeti Singh

Ex-Officio Members
T. C. A. Raghavan

Ambassador (Retd.) and President, Association of Indian Diplomats, New Delhi

Amarendra Khatua

Ambassador (Retd.) and Vice President, Association of Indian Diplomats, New Delhi

Anil Trigunayat

Ambassador (Retd.) and Secretary, Association of Indian Diplomats, New Delhi

A.K Malhotra

Ambassador (Retd.) and Treasurer, Association of Indian Diplomats, New Delhi

Nominated Members
Sachin Chaturvedi

Director General,Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi

Sanjay Chaturvedi

Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, Panjab University, Chandigarh

Neelam Deo

Former Director, 'Gateway House' Indian Council on Global Relations, Mumbai.

Darvesh Gopal

Former Professor of Political Science, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi

Arvind Gupta

Director, Vivekananda International Foundation, New Delhi

Rajat Kathuria

Director & Chief Executive, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), New Delhi

G. Gopa Kumar

Vice Chancellor, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod.

Jayant Prasad

Former Director General, Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi.

P. K. Singh

Former Director, United Services Institution of India, New Delhi.

Nalin Surie

Former Director General, Indian Council of World Affairs, New Delhi.

International Advisers
David M. Malone

Rector of the United Nations University & Under Secretary General of the United Nations, Tokyo, Japan.

Ong Keng Yong

Executive Deputy Chairman, Director, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

 T.V. Paul

James McGill Professor of International Relations, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Elizabeth Sidiropoulose

National Director, South African Institute of International Affairs, Braamfontein, South Africa.

Peter N Varghese

Chancellor, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Research Associate
Hoimi Mukherjee

Volume 17 Issue 3-4 , (Jul-2022 to Dec-2022)

India as the Voice of the Global South in G20, 2023

By: Gulshan Sachdeva

Page No : 133-145

Author :
Gulshan Sachdeva

Professor and Coordinator, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, Centre for European Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.


Price: 101

India’s G20 Presidency: Pushes Global Economy Ensures Space for Global South

By: Sachin Chaturvedi , Sushil Kumar

Page No : 146-157

Authors :
Sachin Chaturvedi : Director General, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi
Sushil Kumar : Assistant Professor, RIS, New Delhi.


Price: 101

India’s G20 Presidency: From Vision to Legacy

By: Supriti David

Page No : 158-169

Author :
Supriti David  :
Media Consultant under the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation deployed in the G20 Chief Coordinator’s office at Sushma Swaraj Bhavan, New Delhi.


Price: 101

BRICS and Multipolarisation of the Global Order: It Works for India

By: Abdul Nafey , Aprajita Kashyap

Page No : 170-189

Authors :
Abdul Nafey :
Professor. Formerly at the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Aprajita Kashyap : Assistant Professor, Centre for Canadian, US & Latin American Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University.


Price: 101

India and Shanghai Cooperation Organization: A Vital Partnership

By: Ashok Sajjanhar

Page No : 190-204

Author :
Ashok Sajjanhar :
Former diplomat, who served as India’s ambassador to Kazakhstan and has vast domain knowledge of the Central Asian Region.


Price: 101

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO): An Emerging Player in South Asia Policy Options for India

By: S. Y. Surendra Kumar

Page No : 205-221

With the objective of addressing the security concerns of the newly independent countries created after the fall of the Soviet Union, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) was established in 2001. These countries came to the realization that this cannot be done unilaterally; rather, a multilateral strategy is required to address transnational issues, and that the SCO would facilitate close cooperation with the Central Asian Region (CAR), to promote international trade and regional growth. At the same time, due to the US hegemony, countries like China and Russia sought to legitimate their own internal political systems, and increase interaction with East Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia. In broad terms, the SCO continues to strengthen the regional framework to bring about peace, stability, and prosperity in the region and, in a sense, protect their countries’ strategic interests beyond Central Asia. In this context, this essay makes an effort to analyse the reasons for the SCO’s increasing foot prints in South Asia, and what could be policy options for India. It argues that it is in India’s interest to continue to engage with the SCO as also with its multi-alignment policy to secure its interests in both Central Asia and South Asia.

Author :
Dr S. Y. Surendra Kumar : Professor, Department of Political Science, Bangalore University, Bengaluru


Price: 101

India-France Ties: 25 Years of a Strategic Partnership

By: Manju Seth

Page No : 222-232

India and France share a close and special relationship spanning a wide spectrum of convergences, including in the strategic arena. While diplomatic relations were established in 1947 almost immediately after India’s independence, significantly, the first Strategic Partnership entered into by India was with France, in January 1998. Despite India being harangued and sanctioned by the USA and allies after the nuclear tests at Pokhran in May 1998, it was France that stood out as an abiding friend of India, and the partnership has grown stronger and deeper with every passing year. The Strategic Partnership is underpinned by three main pillars of cooperation and collaboration — Defence, Nuclear, and Space/Aerospace. Each of these have witnessed substantive expansion, and continue to define the unique and diverse ties between the two countries.
The Horizon 2047 document issued after the visit of Prime Minister Modi on 13–14 July 2023 to France, gives the roadmap and vision for the future trajectory of the partnership when the centenary of the bilateral ties, and the fiftieth year of the Strategic Partnership will be commemorated.
The ties have been resilient, and the recent visit of the Prime Minister Modi to France re-emphasised that India and France are in it for the long haul. Given that India and France have, over the years, demonstrated the strength of their almost ideal partnership, sharing a commonality of approach on the many global challenges, including Climate Change, Terrorism, Maritime Security, the Indo-Pacific, etc., the uncertainty pervading the global geo-strategic environment will propel both countries towards ensuring that the Horizon 2047 vision. They will also ensure that other initiatives, like the Solar Alliance, Green Hydrogen, and other innovative digital technology projects (including AI), are implemented. Both countries will align their strategies to safeguard their respective core interests, while ensuring the greater global good, and shaping the global agenda.
This essay reviews and examines the progress made in the last 25 years, and the likely future challenges for the India-France Strategic Partnership given the growing emphasis on the Indo-Pacific, and its emergence as an area of contestation between an increasingly assertive China and the USA. While India and France have a stake in both the Indian Ocean and in the Pacific, their policy of strategic autonomy precludes their aligning completely with the US led endeavours of countering China’s ambitions in the Indo-Pacific. In this context, it is imperative that India and France strengthen cooperation in the Indo-Pacific and, in addition, possibly establish an India-France collaborative mechanism to ensure freedom of navigation and maritime security in the Pacific as also in the Indian Ocean where the threat from China’s activities adversely impacts the interests of both France and India. France has two of its overseas territories/regions in the Indian Ocean — the Mayotte and Reunion Islands — where it maintains a naval base as well as in the Pacific, with the overseas territories of New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Wallis, and Futuna, in which France is a resident power. However, the elements of the France-China relationship are quite different from those of the IndiaChina relationship, and need to be taken cognisance of, going ahead. In the rapidly evolving global environment, it is reiterated that France and India are the best partners for each other in the Indian Ocean and the Indo-Pacific, and the future prognosis is one of optimism.

Author :
Amb. Manju Seth : Former Ambassador, important overseas diplomatic assignments included one in Paris and Reunion Island (part of France); Distinguished Fellow, Forum For Global Studies.


Price: 101

India and France Bonhomie: Mapping the Contours of a Bilateral Engagement

By: Sheetal Sharma

Page No : 233-253

The bilateral relationship between India and France is standing rocksolid on a strong and unshakable foundation. The foundation is built on a convergence of fundamental values that both India and France cherish the values of democracy, freedom, equality, liberty, respect for human rights, and the rule of law. Both India and France are culturally diverse, multicultural as well as functional and vibrant democracies that believe in protecting and proliferating the fundamental values of historical civilizations. The relationship between India and France is very special, close, warm, and multifaceted. The warmth and depth of the relationship between India and France were evident in the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to France on the official invitation to be the Guest of Honour for the Bastille Day Parade in July 2023.
This essay analyses the contours and significance of the bilateral engagement between India and France. Building upon the latest state visit by the Indian Prime Minister, the essay establishes the historical significance of the Bastille Day Parade for France. It maps the sectors and areas in which India and France have cooperation, and analyses the strength of the collaboration. Finally, the essay analyses how India and France — two important players in global politics — gain strength from each other’s support, and the need for India and France to enhance their partnership to the next level in the future.

Author :
Dr. Sheetal Sharma : Assistant Professor in the Centre for European Studies at School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University


Price: 101

ORAL HISTORY Recollections of a Senior Diplomat (in conversation with Rajiv Chander)

By: Lakhan Mehrotra , Rajiv Chander

Page No : 254-272

Author :
Rajiv Chander :
He is one of the most distinguished officers of the Indian Foreign Service who excelled in various capacities, including as India’s Consul General in St. Petersburg and Vancouver; Director SAARC Secretariat in Kathmandu; Ambassador to Ukraine; and as Permanent Representative of India to the UN in Geneva. As Desk Officer at MEA’s Headquarters, Ambassador Rajiv Chander has accumulated experience of India’s neighbourhood, including the countries covered in the Oral History.

Price: 101

G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration

By: ..

Page No : 273-316

Price: 101

XV BRICS Summit Johannesburg II Declaration
BRICS and Africa: Partnership for Mutually Accelerated Growth, Sustainable Development and Inclusive Multilateralism

By: ..

Page No : 317-342

Price: 101

New Delhi Declaration of the Council of Heads of State of Shanghai Cooperation Organization

By: ..

Page No : 343-350

Price: 101