Administrative History of India Since Independence

Author: Surendra Nath Tripathi , Suresh Misra , Mamta Pathania , Jyotsana Mahor

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Publisher Prints Publications Pvt Ltd
Publication Year 2024
ISBN-13 9788119972005
Binding Hard back
Number of Pages 329 Pages
Language English
Edition 1st
Dimension (Inches) 26.3 x 20.2 x 2
Subject Public Administration
Category Government & Politics

Administrative History of india since Independence is a complex and multifaceted narrative that encompasses the evolution of the country's governance structures, policies, and institutions since gaining independence in 1947. It focuses on the development and evolution of administrative systems, structures, and processes with in organizations, institutions, and governments. The authors have skillfully analysed different facets of Indian administrative history from how the country adopted a democratic and federal structure with a parliamentary system of government. The administrative history of independent India is dynamic, reflecting the country's journey through diverse political, economic, and social changes. It has seen a mix of continuity and transformation, with ongoing efforts to address emerging challenges and strengthen democratic governance. This Book is valuable for policy and decision-makers, academicians, researchers and those interested in understanding the dynamics of administrative decision making in the independent India.

Surendra Nath Tripathi

Surendra Nath Tripathi is a distinguished Civil Servant, currently Director General of Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. He is an IAS officer of 1985 batch (Odisha Cadre) and was Secretary, Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Government of India apart from holding other important positions. Shri Tripathi holds his Masters in Political Science from Allahabad University and MBA in Public Policy from Slovenia. He has a deep insight in the working of both Central and State Governments and has been a member of various Committees and Commissions dealing with Civil Services reforms.

Suresh Misra

Suresh Misra is currently Professor of Public Administration and Coordinator, Centre for Consumer Studies at Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Professor Misra holds his Masters in Political Science from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, Masters in Human Resource Management from Pondicherry Central University and D.Phil. from Allahabad University. Prof. Misra has authored/edited 46 Books and contributed more than 100 papers in journals of repute. He has carried out a number of research studies apart from being a member of various committees dealing with public sector reforms.

Mamta Pathania

Mamta Pathania holds her Masters, M. Phil and Ph.D in Public Administration from Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla. Currently she is working as Faculty Public Administration, Centre for Consumer Studies at Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA), New Delhi. Dr. Pathania has authored/edited 14 books, contributed several papers in journals and books of repute and participated in a number of seminars and conferences. She is member to the Working Committee of the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Govt. of India, constituted for preparing the Vision India @2047 apart from advising ten other Departments and ministries in framing their Vision documents @2047.

Jyotsana Mahor

Jyotsana Mahor has her Bachelors in European History from University of Delhi and Masters in Public Administration. She is working as Research Officer at Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. She has authored a Book on Consciousness of Public Administration: Reflection on Good Governance and contributed research papers in Journals of repute.

Background  1
Post Independence: Institutional Building Phase  4
Constitution of India: Building Block of Modern India  4
Preamble: Guarantee To Protect Social & Economic Security of Citizens  5
Integration of Princely States Ushered Nation in One  5
Vitality of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State in Democratic Nation 6
Federal System of India Determine the Administrative Harmon 7
Parliamentary Democracy Ensures Administrative Accountabilit 9
The Cabinet as Pinnacle of Administrative System  9
Cabinet Secretariat Maintains Coherence in Execution of Policies  10
Essential Decision Making Under Cabinet Committees 11
Crucial Role Prime Minister’s Office in Government  11
Secretariat Serves as Operational Centre for Ministries and Departments  12
A D Gorwala Committee Report (1951) Formed to Evaluate the Implementation Initiatives 12
How Paul H Appleby 's Report s enhance administrative operations and exercises  13
Planning Commission Amplified Nation’s Material Resources and Productivity 13
Finance Commission Imposes Financial Health of Nation 14
Pay Commission: Structure Duties and Compensation for Government Employees 15
National Development Council: Symbol of Federal Planning  15
Administrative Reform Commission 1966 Evolve Methodical Public Administration System  16
Developing Unity and Integrity Through Building Centre - State Relation  17
Lokpal and Lokayukta for Effective Remedial System for Corruption 19
Emergence of Local Government: Distribute Authority and Decision Making 20
Emergency Provision Protect Nation’s Sovereignity, Unity and Integrity 24
Constitutional Bodies Promote Efficiency of Government 31
Liberalization Phase In 1991 as Renaissance of Indian Economy 32
New Economic Policy 1991: Remove the Economic Rigidity in the Nation 34
Territorial Organization of States: To Foster Linguistic and Cultural Unity  36
Background  36
Linguistic Commission: Advances Geographic Continuity for Future Expansion  36
District Administration Serves as Boon at Federal Level  41
Urban Local Bodies: Strong Hold on Governance of Cities  47
Municipal Personnel System: Promotes Local Autonomy 48
Municipal Revenue: Magnitude of Taxes  49
Apparatus for Capacity Building Period 50
How Power Expands by Accountability  50
Pesa Act 1996 Strengthens the Autonomous States 52
Accountability Ecosystem of Institutions 52
Significance of Bureaucracy in India 54
Public Services Upholding National Integrity  56
Amalgamation of Strong Executive and Laws: Necessary for Sustainability of Administration  60
Reforms Phase From 1947 - 2013  62
Reform Phase: After Independence  62
Reform Phase: Early 1990s  70
Reform Phase initiated in 1991 as LPG Theory  70
Reform Phase: UPA Government  74
Administrative Reform Commission 2005 Strengthen the Administrative Capacity 85
During Manmohan Administration Policy Failure: Policy Paralysis 90
Revival of Policies  92
Lateral Entry Reform for Increasing Bureaucratic Efficiency 93
How Lateral Entry Is Breaking Bureaucratic establishment  93
Indian Institute of Public Administration Trained the Lateral Entry Candidates  94
IIPA and its Capacity Building to Generate Specialist  95
Capacity Building Commission Promoting Civil Services Capacity  97
National Programme Capacity Building – Mission Karmayogi 98
Karmayogi Bharat 102
Recruitment Reforms to Enhance Equal Opportunity in Hiring Process  102
National Recruitment Agency Manages to Simplify Examination Process 103
Tenure Based Hiring as Inventory Hiring Process  104
Agnipath Scheme 105
Human Management in Public Sector to Improve the Governance Efficiency  106
Human Manager as Administrator to Optimize the Administrative Tasks  107
Changing Role of Personnel Management to Boost the Employee Engagement 107
Recruitment Agencies Require to Diverse Hiring Process 108
Union Public Service Commission Brings Advances in Recruitment Process 109
Administrative Tribunal Ensure Protection for Government Employees 111
Strategies to Make Bureaucracy Accountable  113
Niti Aayog as Consultant Helps to Bring Reforms  115
Decentralization V/S Centralization Debate 117
Committees for Centre – States Relations to Consolidate National Unity 121
Cooperative Federalism Invigorates the Governance  121
GST Council as Federal Innovation  122
Regulatory Bodies Enforce Accountability to Maintain Laws 124
Advent of NDA Government 129
9 Years of Modi Government: Policy Initiatives 131
Government Approach to Integrate Entire Nation in one 135
Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat: Promoting Unity in Diversity  135
Mann ki Baat  138
100th Episode of Mann ki Baat 139
Swacchh Bharat Mission 140
Celebration Of 75 Years of Independence: Har Ghar Tiranga  142
International Yoga Day: Consolidation of Nations for Yoga Under Modi Government  143
Sabka Sath Sabka Vikas 144
Digital India: Transforming the Nation 146
National Digital Communication Policy (NDCP) 2018 148
Make in India Promoting India as Global Manufacturer 153
Sector Wise Make in India Policy 154
One Proof for Identification: Promote Simplification of Rules 157
Merger of Banks 163
Constitutional Amendments under Modi Government 164
Modi Government’s Reforms in Education Sector 172
PM Shri School  177
Healthcare Reform Initiatives Under Modi Government 179
Financial Sector Reforms: Initiatives by Modi Government 185
Foreign Policy Strategies Under Modi Government to Achieve Economic Strength for India 192
Economic Core Momentum Build up by Modi Government 193
Merger of Ministries and Departments by Modi Government  194
Modi Government Advancements for Space Sector 196
Modi Government Initiatives to Propel Energy Capacity in India 197
Development in Science & Technology Sector 200
Consumer Protection Measures Under Modi Government 202
G – 20 Summit in India 2023 204
Modi Government Action to Increase the Productivity in Agriculture Sector 205
Infrastructure Development by Modi Government to Expand Modernization 208
Environment Friendly Policies Introduced by Modi Government 215
Modi Government Expand Cultural Diversity 217
Defence and Military Strength Under Modi Government 219
CoWIN: Strength to Control Global Pandemic in India 223
Vande Bharat Mission  224
Government Ensured Policies & Services to manage Covid  224
Anubhav  229
References 231
List of Tables  
Table 1: Territory of India in 1950s  
Table 2: Territory of India (After State Reorganisation Act, 1956)  
Table 3: 2nd Administrative Reforms  
Table 4: Accumulation of dosage delivery covering entire country  
List of Figures  
Figure 1: Local Self-Government Before independence  
Figure 2: Difference between 42nd and 44th Amendment Act  
Figures3: Framework of three tier system  
Figure 4: Autonomous District Councils in 4 States  
Figures 5: Exempted States & Areas for Panchayat  
Figure 6: Training Approach at IIPA  
Figure 7: Training Design Pattern at IIPA  
Figure 8: Mission Karmayogi Structure  
Figure 9: Pre Independence-Decentralization Debate  
Figure 10: Post Independence Decentralization Debate  
Figure 11: Decentralization Structure of India  
Figure 12: Central Government Structure of Decentralization  
Figure 13: Taxes out of GST  
Figure 14: Svamitva Card  
MAP: Autonomous Division of India  
Annexure 1: Bureaucrats’ ANUBHAV during their Service – 2021  
Annexure 2: Bureaucrats’ ANUBHAV during their Service – 2022  
Annexure 3: Bureaucrats’ ANUBHAV during their Service – 2023  

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