Religion In Modern India
The documented history of Indian religions begins with historical Vedic religion, the religious practices of the early Indo-Aryans, which were collected and later redacted into the Samhitas, four canonical collections of hymns or mantras composed in archaic Sanskrit. These texts are central shruti (revealed) texts of Hinduism. These three ancient religions. Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, are seen as the molders of the Indian philosophy. In modern period, new religions were also established in India. One comparatively new religion in India is Sikhism and it was established in the 15th century and about 2% of Indians are Sikhs. There were other attempts to create new religions in India but they did not always succeed. The Indian religious and social life is driven by the caste system while the same has undergone substantial charges since Independence, especially in towns and cities, but most people in India are still clearly identified as a memeber of a particular caste group.
Radhika Banerji MA, MPhil and PhD in philosophy is presently teaching on Ad-hoc basis and her areas of specialization and interest are Vedant Philosophy, Ethics and Schools of Orthodox Indian Philosophy. She has worked in UGC Major Project and was UGC Ã¢â‚¬â€œResearch Fellow.
CONTENTS Preface v 1. Religion: An Introduction 1 2. Modern India: Religion, Law, and Judiciary 39 3. The Brahmo Samaj for India’s First Religious Reform 57 4. Major Movements of Reform in Modern India 91 5. Religious Change through the Ramakrishna Movement 137 6. Basic Presuppositions of the Divine Life Society 157 7. Islam in India 183 8. Zoroastrian Religion in Modern India 207 9. Singh Sabha Movement in Punjab 221 10. Christianity in India 239 11. Buddhism in Modern India 255 12. Reform Movements in Jainism 271 13. The Baha’i Faith in India 295 Bibliography 323 Index 327