Philosophy & Philosophers
Philosophy is the science which by the natural light of reason studies the first causes or highest principles of all things is, in other words, the science of things in their first causes, in so far as these belong to the natural order. The purpose of philosophy appears to be completely erroneous. To insist that the modern practice of philosophy is exclusively defined by its historical meaning is a form of genetic fallacy; specifically the etymological fallacy or the assumption that a word's meaning can be discerned from its etymology or origins. Philosophers were once called wise men. It was Pythagoras who first invented the term philosophy, observing that wisdom belongs in the strict sense to God alone, and for that reason not wishing to be called a wise man, but simply a friend or lover of wisdom.
A P Bhardwaj is a philosopher, short story writer, freelance editor and a staunch supporter of his surroundings, ideologically non-committal, uncompromising by nature but committed to broad progressive and humanitarian idols having graduation and post-graduation in humanity stream. He does not believe in the slogan only but takes humanitarian approach and believes in humanistic notions about interrelation of literature, Philosophy and society in a day-today life.
Preface V 1. Cartesian Dualism and Philosophical Revolution --Pg. 1 2. Medieval Philosophy: Augustine,Aquinas and Ockham --Pg. 17 3. German Philosopher Immanuel Kant and His Philosophy --Pg. 47 4. Linguistic Philosophy of Wittgenstein --Pg. 73 5. Ayer and Popper Positivism and Falsificationism in Philosophy --Pg. 99 6. Recent Philosophy and its Consequences --Pg. 133 7. Analytical Philosophy of Russell and Wittgenstein --Pg. 139 8. Behaviorism and Philosophy --Pg. 179 9. Daniel Dennett Approach and his Philosophy --Pg. 207 10. radical Interpretation and its Philosophy --Pg. 227 11.Representational Theory of Mind and Philosophy --Pg. 259 12. Status of Philosophies of Mind --Pg. 281 13. Voluntarism in the Nineteenth Century --Pg. 311 14. Three Philosophies of Action and its Results --Pg. 355 15. Rise of Existentialism in Philosophy --Pg. 379 Bibliography --Pg. 401 Index --Pg. 405