Indian Diaspora : Contributions To Their New Home
People of Indian Origin (PIOs) migrated from India during the colonial era. They were taken largely as replacement for slave workers under the indentured system of contract labour. Though they were semi-skilled workers suitable for agricultural work only, they were treated very badly by the local colonial authorities and confined to the lowest socio-economic strata in their new home countries and territories. Simultaneously, some 'free passengers' fron India, who went as traders, merchants, small businessmen and construction workers, also migrated. They took Indian entrepreneurship and traditional business skill with them. During post independence phase a large number of Indians went to the West and North America as high skilled top notch professionals and at the same time a good number of them went to the Persian Gulf region as semi skilled and low skilled workers. The mother country for indentured workers, India, was under colonial rule at that time, so no assistance could be expected from that quarter. Literally pushed with their backs against the wall in order to survive, they decided to give the best of their abilities to their new, adopted home countries. For them, the bridge to go back to India was burnt; they struggled, grew in stature, and moved up the socio-economic ladder in most of these countries. Indians were the most benign, supportive, and amicable group of immigrants in their new home countries, where they contributed to the economic, cultural and political life. Their growth stories were also the stories of their contribution to, and peaceful integration into these societies. Today, they have emerged as an affluent diaspora across the world, occupying significant positions in various fields, their contributions to the societies and countries which they have nurtured like their own and made their new home often not been appreciated. Their past image as servants of the colonial empire, who barely managed to survive, cast them in a role of people who had very little to contribute. The story of their exploitation, their trials and tribulations, and their relentless struggle to move forward in life is well documented. What has not been aired and put into the public domain are their new home countries, despite them experiencing the most adverse and disabling conditions. The book is an attempt to highlight the economic, political, social and cultural contributions of People of Indian Origin to their new home countries. It also tries to capture their unique contributions to promote bilateral relations between their new home countries and their country of origin, India.
Ajay Dubey is Professor in the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, Indian. Currently he is President of the Oraganisation for Diaspora Initiaives (ODI). He has Published several books and research papers releated to diaspora Studies and Indian foreign Policy. He is the Editor-in-chief of the peer-reviewed journal Diaspora Studies, which is published from New Delhi.
Notes on Contributors v Preface vii Introduction ix 1. Contribution of Indian Diaspora to Europe 1 Sadananda Sahoo 2. Indians in Australia: Contributions, Controversies and challance 23 Anand Kulkarni and Prabodh Malhotra 3. Indian American: Migrational Pattern, Professional Success, Cultural Emergence and Their Political Activism, Ashok Sharma 49 4. Indian Mosaic in the Multicultural Society of Canada: The Influence Of ther people of Indian Origin Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Liamboi Vaiphei 83 5. Contribution to Indian diaspora in Francophone 125 Ajay Dubey and Jyoti Tyagi 6. Indian Contribution to the West Indies/ Caribbean 147 Kumar Mahabir 7. Indian Diaspora in Caribbean: Their Economic Role and Contribution 171 L R Chawla 8. Contribution of People of Indian Origin to East Africa 183 Rajneesh Kumar Gupta 9. Contributions of Indian Diaspora in Development of South Africa 203 Vidhan Pathak 10. The Indian Diaspora of Mozambique and Medagascar: Analysis of Socio-Economics and Political Contribution 227 Sasmita Mohanty 11. Mauritius: Contribution of People of Indian Origin (PIOs) to National 239 Development until 1992 Chit Dukhira 12. Contributing to the success of Entrepreneurship: Indian Diaspora in United Arab Emirates 275 Prakash C Jain 13. PEOPLE OF Indian Origin (PIOs) in Sri Lanka and Their Contribution to Sri Lanka 303 L. Vijayanathan 14. Indian DiasporaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Contribution to Malaysia Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Pankaj Jha 325 15 Indo-Fijians and their success story in Fiji - Amba Pandey 347 Bibliography 365