The book covers different aspects of ecological resources with refrence to conservation and management. In present times, there is a lot of concern for the ecological resources because of global warming and climate change. This book is important for all biology students, researchers and teachers at various levels to understand the concepts of ecology and ecological resources for their rational utilization need for farming strategies for the effective conservation and management of resources. A number of innovative ideas have been incorporated into the subject and these ideas need special attention in view of the rapid consumption of ecological resources without any thought for their sustainability to sustain humanity. This book is especially important for academicians, researchers, students of environmental sciences, forestry, ecology and evolution, botany, ecotourism, ecorestoration, management, architecture etc.
DR ALURI JACOB SOLOMON RAJU
Dr. Aluri Jacob Solomon Raju is an Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences at Andhra University. He was the visiting Professor of University of Colima, Mexico. He was a Scientists Ã¢â‚¬ËœPool officer (CSIR, New Delhi) from 1991-1994. He obtained his M.Sc. Botany in 1983 and PhD in 1987 from Andhra University, Visakhapatnam. He did his Post- doctoral research during 1989 to 1991 from the University of Akron, Ohio, USA. He has published more than 250 research papers and has participated and presented his papers at 50 National and 20 International conferences held in India and abroad. He is presently working on the reproductive biology of mangrove plants and endemic and endangered plant species in the Eastern Ghats forested and further he is also operating a DBT Multinational Network Project on Morphometry and Phylogeography of Honey Bees and Stingless Bees in India.
Preface CHAPTER 1- ECOSYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENT -- Pg. 1-31 The Concept of Species Species Inventory Ecology Energy Flow System Ecology Ecosystem- Functions,impacts of Changes and Valuation of Services systems Drivers of Change in Ecosystems Demographic Drivers Economic Drivers Socio-political Drivers Cultural and Religious Drivers Science and Technology as a Driver Valuation of ecosystem services CHAPTER 2- LAND AND FORESTS -- Pg. 33-39 Human Population Growth Human Population Pressure on Land Human Population Pressure on Forest for pressure reduction an land and forests CHAPTER 3- FOREST RESOURCES -- Pg. 41-74 Type of forests Uses of forestsBiodiversit- Conservation and Management Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) International bodies established by the Convention Conservation of Biodiversity Biological Diversity Act 2002 Values of Biodiversity Valuing Biodiversity Biological Monitiring Genetic Pollution CHAPTER 4- WATER RESOURCES -- Pg. 75-90 Sources of Fresh Water Types of Dams Environmental Impacts of Dams Drought and its impacts Consequences of droughts Drought Mitigation Strategies Floods Typical effects of floods CHAPTER 5- SHORTAGE OF FOOD , WATER AND ENERGY RESOURCES -- Pg. 91-103 Shortage of Food Shortage of Water Consequwnces of water shortage Solutions for water shortage Human population and shortage of energy resources Commerical and Non Commercial energy resources Energy Consumpption Pattern Shortage of energy resources Solution for energy shortage CHAPTER 6-GREEN REVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENT -- Pg. 105-119 Food problems Food security Chemical Fertilizers Environmental impacts of chemical fertilizes Control of chemical fertilizer pollution Presticides Presticide usage trend in India Presticides types and uses Harmful effects of chemical presticides Re-examination and substitutes for chemical presticides CHAPTER 7- ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT -- Pg. 121-155 Major Air Pollutants Minor Air Pollutants Sources of Air Pollution Indoor Air Quality Reduction efforts Control devices Water pollution Causes Health impacts of water pollution Groundwater and its contamination Chemicals in drinking water Diseases Preventive measures Soil Pollution Health effects Ecosystem effects Control Cleanup options Noise Pollution Sources of Noise Human Health Mitigation and control of Noise Solid waste management Resources Recovery Disposal Waste management methods Disposal Waste management concepts Recovery and utilization of resources CHAPTER 8- BIOTERRORISM -- Pg. 157-169 Biological agents Anthrax Botulism Brucellosis Plague Smallpox SARS Ricin Episode of bioterrorism Advantages and disadvantages of biological warefare Counter measures for bioterrorism CHAPTER 9- SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE IMPACTS -- Pg. 171-183 Agriculture and Biodiversity Urban and Ruralenvironment Empowering man for various tasks Information Technology Role of information technology in environment Information technology and human health CHAPTER 10- ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMIC AND SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE -- Pg. 185-204 Environmental Economics Environmental Accounting Costing Targets Sustainable architecture Sustainable landscape architecture Sustainable Technology Environmental design Zero energy building Energy generation Energy conservation Green building Natural building Green Roof Green transport Ecocity Ecovillages Xeriscaping Worldviews Bibliography-- Pg. 205-207 Index -- Pg. 209-211