Early Buddhism And Indian Thoughts
Buddhism is a world religion, which arose in and around ancient Magadha, (modern Bihar), and is based on the teachings of Siddartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddha. It spread outside of Magadha starting in the Buddha's lifetime, and with the reign of the Buddhist Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, spread across and became the dominant religion. Buddhism arose in India during a period of intense intellectual and social ferment. It was a period during which the authority of the Vedas had been placed in doubt, the concept of god as a Supreme Being and creator was in question, the hereditary restrictions on caste mobility were under attact, and the efficacy of Brahminical rituals was being challenged. Various ideological sects competed for the attention and acceptance of the ruling elited and the public. The most important amongst these were the Jains and the Buddhists. Although each of the various sects made original and interesting contributions to philosophy, it was the early Buddhists who attempted to provide a unified philosophical , it was the early Buddhists who attempted to provide a unified philosophical system where ethical conduct and social criticism lay at the very core of their ideological system. Although today, Buddhism is viewed as a religion by many of its followers, the early Buddhists sects were either strongly atheistic or agnostic.
P Pathak after obtaining his MasterÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s degree in Philosophy and M Phil in philosophy is a scholar and interpreter of Indian religion and philosophy. He had a classical training in humanistic secular literature, religion and culture and he had combined his insight and perception with his literary abilities to bring this title as a classic and great work. He is retired reader devoting has time writing on literature and culture.
Preface V 1. Early Buddhism and Indian Thoughts: An Introduction --Pg. 1 2. The Basic Difference Between Buddhism and the Upanishadic Philosophy --Pg. 17 3. Indian Religion at the Time of the Buddha --Pg. 49 4. Early Buddhist Doctrine --Pg. 77 5. The Establishment of the Early Buddhist Canon --Pg. 103 6. The Buddhism of King Asoka --Pg. 157 7. Carvaka,Lokayata and Nastika --Pg. 191 8. Philosophy of Early History Buddhist Schools --Pg. 205 9. Philosophy of Mahayana Buddhist School --Pg. 229 10. Emergence of Buddhism and Basic Buddhist Teachings --Pg. 241 Bibliography--Pg. 265 Index --Pg. 269