The majority of the Indian Subcontinent was under British colonial from 1947. This Period saw the gradual rise of the Indian nationalist movement to gain independence from the foreign rule. The movement culminated in the formation of the Dominion of Indian on 15 August 1947, along with the Dominion of Pakistan. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 January 1950, which proclaimed India to be a sovereign Democratic republic. It contained the founding principles of the laws of the land which would govern India after its independence from the British rule. On the day the constitution come into effect, India ceased to be a dominion of the British Crown. A constitution is a written document that contains a set of rules for a government. It defines the fundamental political principles, and establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of a government. By limiting the government own reach, most constitutions guarantee certain rights to the people. The term constitution can be applied to any overall law that defines the functioning of a government. The Constitution of India is the World’s lengthiest written constitution with 395 articles and 8 schedules. It contains the good point taken from the Constitution’s of many countries in the world. It was passed on 26 November 1949 by the Constitution Assembly and is fully applicable since 26 Jan. 1950. The Constituent Assembly had been elected for undivided India and held its first sitting on 9th Dec. 1946,re-assembled on the 14th August 1947,as the Sovereign Constituent Assembly for the dominion of India. In regards to its composition the members were elected by indirect election by the members of the Provisional Legislative Assemblies (lower house only). At the time of signing 284 out of 299 members of the assembly were present. India is a federal system in which residual powers of Legislation remain with the central government, similar to that in Canada. The Constitution provides details lists dividing up power between central and state government as in Australia and it elaborates a set of Direct Principles of State Policy as dose the Irish Constitution.
R K JATAIN
R K jatain has retired as Deputy Registrar from Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohatak. He received his MA in English from MD University, Rohtak and LLB from University of Rajasthan, Jaipur. Presently he is pursuing LLM from MD University, Rohtak. He has 32 years of Administrative and managerial experience. He has vast experience of legal issue, administrative politics and teaching. He is member of various professional organizations associated with labour and industrial issue. He has contributed and presented his research papers in various conferences and seminars of repute. He has received various awards and recognitions by academicians in MD University, Rohtak.
Preface - V 1. The Appropriation (No.3) Act, 1996 - 1 2. The British Statutes (Repeal) Act, 2004 - 2 3. The Caste Disabilities Removal Act, 1850 - 3 4. The Census Act, 1948 - 5 5. The Central Laws (Extension to Arunachal Pradesh) Act, 1993 - 10 6. The Central Provinces Laws Act, 1875 - 12 7. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 - 17 8. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005 - 26 9. The Citizenship Act, 1955 - 28 10. The Constitution (Scheduled Casts) order (Second Amendment) Act, 2002 - 41 11. The Constitution (Scheduled Tribe) order (Amendment) Act, 2002 - 42 12. The Constitution (Scheduled Casts) order Amendment Act, 2006 - 43 13. The Election Laws (Amendment) Act, 2006 - 44 14. The Election Laws (Extension to sikkim) Act, 1976 - 46 15. The Emblems and Names (Prevention on Improper Use) Act, 1950 - 50 16. The Government of Part C State Act, 1951 - 54 17. The Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 - 55 18 . The House of the People Act, 1976 - 87 19. The Indian short Titles Act, 1897 - 88 20. The Legislative Council Act, 1957 - 89 21. The Merged Status Act, 1949 - 101 22. The Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959 - 111 23. The Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Amendment Act, 2006 - 114 24. The Parliamentary Proceeding (Protection of Publication) Act, 1956 - 118 25. The Parliamentary Proceeding (Protection of Publication) Act, 1977 - 119 26. The Part B Status Act, 1951 - 121 27. The Partition Act, 1893 - 123 28. The Pondicherry (Alteration of Names) Act, 2006 - 126 29. The PresidentÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s (Emoluments and Pension) Act, 1951 - 128 30. The Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952 - 131 31. The Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rule, 1974 - 142 32. The Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2002 - 164 33. The Representation of the People (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1956 - 168 34. The Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 1996 - 170 35. The Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 2003 - 172 36. The Representation of the People (Third Amendment) Act, 2002 - 174 37. The Representation of the People Act, 1950 - 178 38. The Representation of the People Act, 1951 - 203 39. The Salary, Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament (Amendment)Act, 2006 - 281 40. The Sixth Schedule to the Constitution (Amendment) Act, 2003 - 286 41. The Two Member Constituenies (Abolition) Act, 1961 - 290 42. The Union Territories (Direct Election to the House of the People) Act, 1965 - 294 43. The Union Territories Act, 1950 - 296 44. The Uttaranchal (Alteration of Name) Act, 2006 - 298 Bibliography - 301 Index - 303