Bioinoculants For Integrated Plant Growth
Sustainability in agriculture, forestry, and range of management requires balanced functional microbial ecosystems. The association of plant roots with AM fungi is a key factor in the below ground network essential to ecosystem function. The association of AM fungi creates an intimate link between plant and the soil and plays a significant role in the absorption of mineral nutrients. The ability of the association to enhance the plant growth and development has stimulated research, and the recent application of molecular, biochemical, genetic approaches are providing new insight into symbiosis. 90% of the flowering plants show symbiotic relationship with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Improved growth, health and stress resistance of mycorrhizal plants are well established, particularly for the plants growing in nutrients limiting condition. In contrast to the Ã¢â‚¬Ëœgene for geneÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ specificity observed in many plant-pathogen interactions, the AM fungal symbiosis is essentially non-specific, and a single species of AM fungus has the capacity to colonize many plant species although extensive colonization of root cortex occurs. They help the plants to acquire mineral nutrients from soil especially the immobile elements such as P, Zn, Cu but also mobile ions such as S, Ca, K, Fe, Mg, Mn, Cl, Br and N. The present book brought out most of the recent work which is being carried out in various research institutes in all over the world. This book is not only useful for plant scientist, it is most useful for agricultural, Microbiology, horticulture and forest nurseries. It contains different chapters divided into three groups. A. Growth response and improvement of plant growth, yield and biomass production containing 12 chapters. B. Interaction between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and other beneficial micro-organisms containing 9 chapters. C. Mycorrhizal technology in adverse environment containing 8 chapters.
DR H C LAKSHMAN
Dr. H C Lakshman, Professor and Chairman, Department of Botany, Karnataka University, Dharwad. M.Sc from Bangalore University and PhD from Karnatak University Dharwad had training in fermentation technology in C.F.T.R.I. , Mysore . He has 29 year of teaching experience and 20 years of research experience. He has published 119 research papers in National and International journals and has 8 books for his contribution. He attended 45 national and 8 international conferences / symposia. He successfully guided 10 PhD and 6 MPhil students. He evaluated 25 PhD theses from different Universities of India. He visited France and Italy in 2001. He is a member in 22 academic and research organizations. He is a fellow of I.S.F.E.SC. Indian Society for Environmental Society in 1999. He is a recipient of C V Raman award in 2006. He was awarded honorary fellowship Fellow of International Society of Ecology and Communication (F.I.S.E.C.) by Vinoba Bhave University, he is working as a Senior Professor in Botany (Microbiology Lab), associated with plant science, Microbiology, Microbial Ecology and Plant Biotechnology.
Preface V List of Constributors XIII A.. Growth Response and Improvement of Plant Growth,Yield and Biomass Production 1.AM Fungi- A Promising Bio Fertilizer for the Healthy Seedings Stock of Forest Nursery C Maya, HC Lakshman, Shweta J Sabannavar and Mahesh B Byatanal -- Pg. 1 2. Screening of Potential AM Fungui for the improvement of Costus Speciosus Smith A Rare Medicinal Plant Pushpa K Kavatagi and H C Lakshman -- Pg. 43 3.Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi-Essential Partner in Sustainable Plant Growth Shuchi Agarwal,KK Koul and Rafiq Lone -- Pg. 53 4. Utilization of AM Fungi on Growth and Nutrition in Phyllanthus Emanlica L(VAR. NA-6) Mahesh B Byatanal and H C Lakshman -- Pg. 77 5. Cynobavterial Inoculants for Sustainable Agriculture-A Case Study on Three Varieties of Paddy M Jayashankara, VS Bheemreddy,SB Gadi, Krishna H Wadder,Rekha R Naik and H C Lakshman -- Pg. 93 6. Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AMF) innoculants and its role in sustainable forestry production K Muthuchelian, P Parimala and M Prabhu Inbaraj -- Pg. 111 7.Evaluation of AM Fungi Application on some Important Hydrocarbon Yielding Plants RF Inchal and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 139 8. Arbuscular-Mycorrhizal Technology for Cassava (Manihol esculenta Crantz)L. M Deiveekasundaran and P Muralikannan 9. Positive Response of Syzuguium Cummi Lam to Different Bioinoculation in the Nursery R H Ratageri -- Pg. 179 10. Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae in Improvement of Solanum Indicum Linn. A Vulnerable Medicinal Plant PA Hosamani and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 189 11.Symbiotic Response of Pisum Sativum L. to Different Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi VS Bheemreddy -- Pg. 203 12.Selection of Suitable AM Fungus to Artocarpus Heterophyllus Lam. A Fruit/Timber for an Ecofriendly Nursery HC Lakshman -- Pg. 209 B. Interaction Between AM Fungi and Other Beneficial Micro-organisms 13. Synergistic Effect Between Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium in Yield and Growth Response of Soybean Shweta J Sabannavar, HC Lakshman and Roopa K Jambotkar -- Pg. 221 14. Importance of AM Fungi and Rhizobium Inoculants on Some Important Leguminous Tree Seedlings Romana M Mirdhe and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 237 15. The Effect of Indigenous Introduced AM Fungi and its Interaction Between Rhizobium for Imporving of Cajanus Cajan(L.) Millsp. (Pigeon Pea) HC Lakshman -- Pg. 255 16. Interaction Between Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium and their Effects on Acacia Mangium Wild M Jayashankara and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 269 17. Beneficial Effect of Solubilizing Bacteria and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on two Fiber Yielding Plants Sandeepkumar K and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 281 18. Intereactions Between AQzotobacter, Pseudomonas and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on two Varieties of Finger Millets Geeta B Patil and H C Lakshman -- Pg. 291 19. Combined Inoculation of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Azotobacter Beneficial to Glycine Max Merr. (Soyabean) AK Venu -- Pg. 305 20. Effect of AM Fungi and PGPR to Improve Growth and Yield of Solonum Tuberosum L (Potato) SB Gadi -- Pg. 313 21. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria as Bioinoculants Avita K Marihal,SM Pradeep and KS Jagadeesh -- Pg. 325 C. Mycorrhizal Technology in Adverse Environment 22. Application of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Legume Production in Desert Conditions Nishi Mathur,Joginder Singh,Sachendra Bohra,Avinash Bohra and Anil Vyas -- Pg. 341 23.Application of Mycorrhiza on Some Important Oil Yielding Plants in Alleviating High Concentration of Zinc Roopa K Jambotkar,HC Lakshman and Shweta J Sabannavar -- Pg. 355 24. Phytoprotection by Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Deepa Vyas, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Meenakshi Mishra, R K Gupta -- Pg. 373 25.Population Dynamics and Diversity of Saline Tolerant AM Fungi and its Impact in the Restoration of Salt Affected Souls-A Case Study SG Hiremath and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 421 26. Prospects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Bioremediation of Polluted Soils HC lAKSHMAN C maya and G Ravi Prasad -- Pg. 457 27. Status of AM Fungi in Coastal-Non Coastal Area and its Role in Reclamation Strategies- A case Study on two Saline Tolerant Plants TC Taranath,SG Hiremath and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 485 28. Importance of Microorganisms in Solubilization of Phosphorus in Different Soils Girish -- Pg. 515 29.Role of AM Fungi in Reclamation of Mined Soils MG Nadagouda and HC Lakshman -- Pg. 531 Index -- Pg. 545